How to format your references using the La revue de l'infirmičre citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for La revue de l'infirmičre. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lane J. Science innovation. Assessing the impact of science funding. Science 2009;324:1273–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Giovannoni S, Nemergut D. Ecology. Microbes ride the current. Science 2014;345:1246–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lower SK, Hochella MF Jr, Beveridge TJ. Bacterial recognition of mineral surfaces: nanoscale interactions between Shewanella and alpha-FeOOH. Science 2001;292:1360–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Freedman JP, Leach JH, Preble EA, Sitar Z, Davis RF, Malen JA. Universal phonon mean free path spectra in crystalline semiconductors at high temperature. Sci Rep 2013;3:2963.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Buchenau J. The Last Caudillo. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
Eismont P, Konstantinova N, editors. Language, Music, and Computing: First International Workshop, LMAC 2015, St. Petersburg, Russia, April 20-22, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. vol. 561. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Garcke H, Kwak DJC. On Asymptotic Limits of Cahn-Hilliard Systems with Elastic Misfit. In: Mielke A, editor. Analysis, Modeling and Simulation of Multiscale Problems, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006, p. 87–111.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for La revue de l'infirmičre.

Blog post
Hale T. Check Out These Trippy Photographs Of Australia Taken From The International Space Station. IFLScience 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Highway Trust Fund: Nearly All States Received More Funding Than They Contributed in Highway Taxes Since 2005. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sutton SR. Freshman transition programs: Effect on ninth grade student preparedness. Doctoral dissertation. Lindenwood University, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chira S. These Guys Really Like Trump. New York Times 2017:SR6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLa revue de l'infirmičre
AbbreviationRev. Infirm.
ISSN (print)1293-8505
ScopeGeneral Nursing

Other styles