How to format your references using the La Presse Médicale citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for La Presse Médicale. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Koen D. Nuts and bolts. Nature 2005;433:554.
A journal article with 2 authors
Francesconi M, Lehner B. The effects of genetic variation on gene expression dynamics during development. Nature 2014;505:208–11.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li Y, Moon K-S, Wong CP. Materials science. Electronics without lead. Science 2005;308:1419–20.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Venkataraman L, Klare JE, Nuckolls C, Hybertsen MS, Steigerwald ML. Dependence of single-molecule junction conductance on molecular conformation. Nature 2006;442:904–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Abdullaeva Z. Nano- and Biomaterials. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2017.
An edited book
Williams RA, editor. Healthcare Disparities at the Crossroads with Healthcare Reform. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Sanzana HC, Almonacid A, Mendez EO. Good Practices in Private Parks. Valdivian Coastal Reservation. In: Panosso Netto A, Trigo LGG, editors. Tourism in Latin America: Cases of Success, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 85–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for La Presse Médicale.

Blog post
Davis J. Badly-Designed Animal Experiments Might Over Exaggerate Benefits Of New Drugs Trialed. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Meeting the Aging Aircraft Challenge: Status and Opportunities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sontag M. Emotion and the Labeling Process. Doctoral dissertation. University of Cincinnati, 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L. Environmental Lawyer to Head Planning Board. New York Times 2006:LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLa Presse Médicale
AbbreviationPresse Med.
ISSN (print)0755-4982
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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