How to format your references using the La Presse Médicale citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for La Presse Médicale. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Arrow H. Evolution. The sharp end of altruism. Science 2007;318:581–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Borgdorff AJ, Choquet D. Regulation of AMPA receptor lateral movements. Nature 2002;417:649–53.
A journal article with 3 authors
Martinez-Perez E, Shaw P, Moore G. The Ph1 locus is needed to ensure specific somatic and meiotic centromere association. Nature 2001;411:204–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lu J-R, Bassel-Duby R, Hawkins A, Chang P, Valdez R, Wu H, et al. Control of facial muscle development by MyoR and capsulin. Science 2002;298:2378–81.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
da Silva FSC, Agustí-Cullell J. Knowledge Coordination. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
Sun Y, Behal A, Chung C-KR, editors. New Development in Robot Vision. vol. 23. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Hoffmann D, Weggenmann D. Climate Change Induced Glacier Retreat and Risk Management: Glacial Lake Outburst Floods (GLOFs) in the Apolobamba Mountain Range, Bolivia. In: Leal Filho W, editor. Climate Change and Disaster Risk Management, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013, p. 71–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for La Presse Médicale.

Blog post
Luntz S. Scientists Create Solid Light. IFLScience 2014. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Weather Forecasting: Recommendations to Address New Weather Processing System Development Risks. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bottorff EA. The community college baccalaureate: A study of capital costs in Florida. Doctoral dissertation. Florida Atlantic University, 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gurley G. Since 1956, a Sensitive Guy. New York Times 2012:ST2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLa Presse Médicale
AbbreviationPresse Med.
ISSN (print)0755-4982
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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