How to format your references using the La Presse Médicale citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for La Presse Médicale. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Graham-Rowe D. Risk analysis: A dense issue. Nature 2012;485:S60-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Williams EJ, Hurst LD. The proteins of linked genes evolve at similar rates. Nature 2000;407:900–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Thomas DSG, Knight M, Wiggs GFS. Remobilization of southern African desert dune systems by twenty-first century global warming. Nature 2005;435:1218–21.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Li Y, Van Hooser SD, Mazurek M, White LE, Fitzpatrick D. Experience with moving visual stimuli drives the early development of cortical direction selectivity. Nature 2008;456:952–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mahlberg R, Gilles A, Läsch A. Hämatologie. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2004.
An edited book
Young Lin T, Ohsuga S, Liau C-J, Hu X, editors. Foundations and Novel Approaches in Data Mining. vol. 9. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Harvey M, Crestani F. 21st Century Search and Recommendation: Exploiting Personalisation and Social Media. In: Paltoglou G, Loizides F, Hansen P, editors. Professional Search in the Modern World: COST Action IC1002 on Multilingual and Multifaceted Interactive Information Access, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014, p. 70–95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for La Presse Médicale.

Blog post
Andrew E. As El Niño Bites, It’s Time To Take Stock Of Our Water. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Food Assistance: Computerized Information Matching Could Reduce Fraud and Abuse in the Food Stamp Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yendes DL. Remnants of Life. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B. What Shot Rocky Up Those Steps. New York Times 2016:AR12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLa Presse Médicale
AbbreviationPresse Med.
ISSN (print)0755-4982
ScopeGeneral Medicine

Other styles