How to format your references using the L'Évolution psychiatrique citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for L'Évolution psychiatrique. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ross JV. Comment on “On the regulation of populations of mammals, birds, fish, and insects” II. Science 2006;311:1100; author reply 1100.
A journal article with 2 authors
Singh R, Cresswell P. Defective cross-presentation of viral antigens in GILT-free mice. Science 2010;328:1394–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Berkley KJ, Rapkin AJ, Papka RE. The pains of endometriosis. Science 2005;308:1587–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Clarke G, Collins RA, Leavitt BR, Andrews DF, Hayden MR, Lumsden CJ, et al. A one-hit model of cell death in inherited neuronal degenerations. Nature 2000;406:195–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Eggert H, Kauschke W. Structural Bearings. Berlin, Germany: Ernst & Sohn Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG; 2012.
An edited book
Shih H. English Writings of Hu Shih: Chinese Philosophy and Intellectual History (Volume 2). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Shear J. Converging on the Self: Western Philosophy, Eastern Meditation and Scientific Research. In: Menon S, Sinha A, Sreekantan BV, editors. Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Consciousness and the Self, New Delhi: Springer India; 2014, p. 41–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for L'Évolution psychiatrique.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. Elon Musk Says We Need A Universal Basic Income To Cope With Robots Taking Our Jobs. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Best Practices: Elements Critical to Successfully Reducing Unneeded RDT&E Infrastructure. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ratzlaff K. Dynamics of chytrid fungus (Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis) infection in amphibians in the Rincon Mountains and Tucson, Arizona. Doctoral dissertation. University of Arizona, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K. Kielbasa Kingdom. New York Times 2010:NJ13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleL'Évolution psychiatrique
AbbreviationEvol. Psychiatr. (Paris)
ISSN (print)0014-3855
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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