How to format your references using the L'Évolution psychiatrique citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for L'Évolution psychiatrique. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wolstenholme AJ. Evolution. Surviving in a toxic world. Science 2012;335:545–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Keene WC, Pszenny AAP. Comment on “Reactions at interfaces as a source of sulfate formation in sea-salt particles” (I). Science 2004;303:628; author reply 628.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hansen B, Turrell WR, Østerhus S. Decreasing overflow from the Nordic seas into the Atlantic Ocean through the Faroe Bank channel since 1950. Nature 2001;411:927–30.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Alley WM, Healy RW, LaBaugh JW, Reilly TE. Flow and storage in groundwater systems. Science 2002;296:1985–90.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gordon J. Training Camp. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
Li WD, McMahon C, Ong SK, Nee AYC, editors. Collaborative Product Design and Manufacturing Methodologies and Applications. London: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Zeng J-Y, Cao X-H, Gan J-Y. An Improvement of AdaBoost for Face Detection with Random Forests. In: Huang D-S, McGinnity M, Heutte L, Zhang X-P, editors. Advanced Intelligent Computing Theories and Applications: 6th International Conference on Intelligent Computing, ICIC 2010, Changsha, China, August 18-21, 2010. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010, p. 22–9.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for L'Évolution psychiatrique.

Blog post
Andrew E. Could A Robot Do Your Job? Short Answer: Yes. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Human Resources Information Systems Issue Area: Active Assignments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eggers M von. Searching for a Post-Jungian Psychophysical Reality in Recovery from Addiction. Doctoral dissertation. Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schmidt MS, Apuzzo M, Haberman M. Mueller Is Said to Seek White House Interviews in Russia Inquiry. New York Times 2017:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleL'Évolution psychiatrique
AbbreviationEvol. Psychiatr. (Paris)
ISSN (print)0014-3855
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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