How to format your references using the L'Encéphale citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for L'Encéphale. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Laughlin RB. Physics. The cup of the hand. Science 2004;303:1475–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Buschman TJ, Miller EK. Top-down versus bottom-up control of attention in the prefrontal and posterior parietal cortices. Science 2007;315:1860–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Ishishita S, Matsuda Y, Kitada K. Genetic evidence suggests that Spata22 is required for the maintenance of Rad51 foci in mammalian meiosis. Sci Rep 2014;4:6148.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Kowarik M, Numao S, Feldman MF, Schulz BL, Callewaert N, Kiermaier E, et al. N-linked glycosylation of folded proteins by the bacterial oligosaccharyltransferase. Science 2006;314:1148–50.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Lueder E. 3D Displays. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
[1]
Frost SC, McKenna R, editors. Carbonic Anhydrase: Mechanism, Regulation, Links to Disease, and Industrial Applications. vol. 75. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
González-Candelas L, Alamar S, Ballester AR, Sánchez-Torres P, Forment J, Gadea J, et al. Global Regulation of Genes in Citrus Fruit in Response to the Postharvest Pathogen Penicillium digitatum. In: Prusky D, Gullino ML, editors. Postharvest Pathology, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2010, p. 57–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for L'Encéphale.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Man Fails To Get ‘Eaten Alive’ By Anaconda. IFLScience 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Department of Education: Improved Oversight and Controls Could Help Education Better Respond to Evolving Priorities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Lyzlov A. In Vivo Efficacy of Lanthanum Carbonate on Intestinal Phosphorus Absorption in Stage Five Chronic Kidney Disease Patients Undergoing Peritoneal Dialysis. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Hanc J. Longer and Better. New York Times 2017:F4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleL'Encéphale
AbbreviationEncephale
ISSN (print)0013-7006
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Psychiatry and Mental health

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