How to format your references using the Kidney & Blood Pressure Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Kidney & Blood Pressure Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Distel JR: Obituary: Raymond Davis Jr (1914-2006). Nature 2006;442:150.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lo M-T, Lee W-C: Detecting a weak association by testing its multiple perturbations: a data mining approach. Sci Rep 2014;4:5081.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mo Y, Turner KT, Szlufarska I: Friction laws at the nanoscale. Nature 2009;457:1116–1119.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yu J, Xie Z, Kang H, Li Z, Sun C, Bian L, et al.: High variability of atmospheric mercury in the summertime boundary layer through the central Arctic Ocean. Sci Rep 2014;4:6091.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hoskins BJ, James IN: Fluid Dynamics of the Midlatitude Atmosphere. Chichester, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2014.
An edited book
Simovska V, Mannix McNamara P (eds): Schools for Health and Sustainability: Theory, Research and Practice. Dordrecht, Springer Netherlands, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Hoa NT, Bui TD, Dang TK: Efficiency Improvements for Fuzzy Associative Memory; in Guo C, Hou Z-G, Zeng Z (eds): Advances in Neural Networks – ISNN 2013: 10th International Symposium on Neural Networks, Dalian, China, July 4-6, 2013, Proceedings, Part I. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, 2013, pp 36–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Kidney & Blood Pressure Research.

Blog post
Andrew E: Engineers Develop Roadmap To Get The US To Run on 100% Renewable Energy By 2050. IFLScience 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: SSI Disability Issues. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lorentz J: The effect of requirements prioritization on avionics system conceptual design 2009;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K: A Little Deli Goes the Way Of So Many In the City. New York Times 2002;147.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleKidney & Blood Pressure Research
AbbreviationKidney Blood Press. Res.
ISSN (print)1420-4096
ISSN (online)1423-0143
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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