How to format your references using the Kidney & Blood Pressure Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Kidney & Blood Pressure Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Morduch J. Economics. Why finance matters. Science. 2011 Jun;332(6035):1271–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Joughin I, Tulaczyk S. Positive mass balance of the Ross Ice Streams, West Antarctica. Science. 2002 Jan;295(5554):476–80.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mason N, Biercuk MJ, Marcus CM. Local gate control of a carbon nanotube double quantum dot. Science. 2004 Jan;303(5658):655–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Davies SJ, Grogan JL, Blank RB, Lim KC, Locksley RM, McKerrow JH. Modulation of blood fluke development in the liver by hepatic CD4+ lymphocytes. Science. 2001 Nov;294(5545):1358–61.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bai Y. Practical Database Programming with Visual Basic.NET. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
Osterholtz AJ, editor. Theoretical Approaches to Analysis and Interpretation of Commingled Human Remains. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Clausen B, Brown DW, Tomé CN, Neil CJ, Wollmershauser JA, Agnew SR. Application of a Finite Strain Elastic-Plastic Self-Consistent Model to Deformation of Magnesium. In: Proulx T, editor. Engineering Applications of Residual Stress, Volume 8: Proceedings of the 2011 Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics. New York, NY: Springer; 2011; pp 33–4.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Kidney & Blood Pressure Research.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. Study Reveals What Matters To Guys When It Comes To Breast Attractiveness [Internet]. IFLScience. 2016 Nov [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Lack of Effective Coordinated or Centralized Management Control of Closed-Circuit Television Used in DOD for Training and Education. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1972.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Richardson S. Individual sense of efficacy, collective teacher efficacy and student achievement in high achieving and low achieving urban public schools. 2014

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wines M, Bidgood J. Waters Warm, and Cod Catch Ebbs in Maine. New York Times. 2014 Dec;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleKidney & Blood Pressure Research
AbbreviationKidney Blood Press. Res.
ISSN (print)1420-4096
ISSN (online)1423-0143
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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