How to format your references using the KI - Künstliche Intelligenz citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for KI - Künstliche Intelligenz. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Peters JW (2002) Enzymology. A trio of transition metals in anaerobic CO2 fixation. Science 298:552–553
A journal article with 2 authors
Pandolfi JM, Lovelock CE (2014) Ecology. Novelty trumps loss in global biodiversity. Science 344:266–267
A journal article with 3 authors
Schneider T, Bischoff T, Haug GH (2014) Migrations and dynamics of the intertropical convergence zone. Nature 513:45–53
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Wang T, Zhang J, Zhang X, et al (2013) Solution structure of the Big domain from Streptococcus pneumoniae reveals a novel Ca2+-binding module. Sci Rep 3:1079

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Campbell CA (2008) The One-Page Project Manager for it Projects. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Ayala JL, García-Cámara B, Prieto M, et al (2011) Integrated Circuit and System Design. Power and Timing Modeling, Optimization, and Simulation: 21st International Workshop, PATMOS 2011, Madrid, Spain, September 26-29, 2011. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Lund MS, Refsdal A, Stølen K (2010) 4 Semantics of UML Models for Dynamic Behavior. In: Giese H, Karsai G, Lee E, et al (eds) Model-Based Engineering of Embedded Real-Time Systems: International Dagstuhl Workshop, Dagstuhl Castle, Germany, November 4-9, 2007. Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 77–103

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for KI - Künstliche Intelligenz.

Blog post
Andrews R (2017) Woman Finds Literal Nightmare Crawling Around Inside Her Head. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) Year 2000 Computing Challenge: Agencies’ Reporting of Mission-Critical Classified Systems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cannon CA (2017) Comparison of language arts scores between computerized and teacher differentiation of instruction. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2010) Strides, Often Painful, but Always, Always Forward. New York Times D5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleKI - Künstliche Intelligenz
ISSN (print)0933-1875
ISSN (online)1610-1987

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