How to format your references using the KI - Künstliche Intelligenz citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for KI - Künstliche Intelligenz. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eisenstein M (2015) Medicine: Eyes on the target. Nature 527:S110-2
A journal article with 2 authors
Hofmann HA, Stevenson PA (2000) Flight restores fight in crickets. Nature 403:613
A journal article with 3 authors
Hawks J, de Ruiter DJ, Berger LR (2015) PALEOANTHROPOLOGY. Comment on “Early Homo at 2.8 Ma from Ledi-Geraru, Afar, Ethiopia.” Science 348:1326
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Neumann P, Koeniger N, Koeniger G, et al (2000) Home-site fidelity in migratory honeybees. Nature 406:474–475

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ergül Ö, Gürel L (2014) The Multilevel Fast Multipole Algorithm (MLFMA) for Solving Large-Scale Computational Electromagnetics Problems. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Veasey SC (2009) Oxidative Neural Injury. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ
A chapter in an edited book
Ravi-Chandar K (2008) Fracture Mechanics. In: Sharpe WN (ed) Springer Handbook of Experimental Solid Mechanics. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 125–158

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for KI - Künstliche Intelligenz.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2016) African Countries Square Up For Battle Over Future Of Ivory Trade Ban. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007) Implementation of the Beach Act of 2000: EPA and States Have Made Progress, but Additional Actions Could Improve Public Health Protection. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crump S (2015) The efficacy of an academic behavior assessment tool for the functional behavior assessment process. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) SK (2005) World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Ex-Premier’s Real Estate Deal Investigated. New York Times A12

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleKI - Künstliche Intelligenz
ISSN (print)0933-1875
ISSN (online)1610-1987

Other styles