How to format your references using the Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith, C., 2013. Cancer shows strength through diversity. Nature 499, 505–508.
A journal article with 2 authors
Singh, B.P., Cowie, A.L., 2014. Long-term influence of biochar on native organic carbon mineralisation in a low-carbon clayey soil. Sci. Rep. 4, 3687.
A journal article with 3 authors
Khalil, A.M., Cambier, J.C., Shlomchik, M.J., 2012. B cell receptor signal transduction in the GC is short-circuited by high phosphatase activity. Science 336, 1178–1181.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Elias, A., Crayton, S.H., Warden-Rothman, R., Tsourkas, A., 2014. Quantitative comparison of tumor delivery for multiple targeted nanoparticles simultaneously by multiplex ICP-MS. Sci. Rep. 4, 5840.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cumming, D.J., 2010. Venture Capital. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Peroš-Golubičić, T., 2006. Clinical Atlas of Interstitial Lung Disease. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhang, N., Lin, J., Jing, J., Gao, N., 2012. RIKE: Using Revocable Identities to Support Key Escrow in PKIs, in: Bao, F., Samarati, P., Zhou, J. (Eds.), Applied Cryptography and Network Security: 10th International Conference, ACNS 2012, Singapore, June 26-29, 2012. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 48–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2017. Guys, This Smartphone App Can Accurately Test Your Sperm Count [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1979. Extending H.R. 3564 and H.R. 4949 to Federal Examining (No. 110546). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Castaneda Martinez, N.E., 2013. Implementation of the Parent Partner Project to improve reunification rates in Sonoma County: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart, J.B., 2016. Why a Merger of Media Firms That Should Be a Sure Bet Isn’t. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smith, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Singh and Cowie, 2014; Smith, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Singh and Cowie, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Elias et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research
AbbreviationJ. Vet. Behav.
ISSN (print)1558-7878
ScopeGeneral Veterinary

Other styles