How to format your references using the Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Craelius, W., 2002. The bionic man: restoring mobility. Science 295, 1018–1021.
A journal article with 2 authors
Krabbenhoft, D.P., Sunderland, E.M., 2013. Environmental science. Global change and mercury. Science 341, 1457–1458.
A journal article with 3 authors
Walkden, G., Parker, J., Kelley, S., 2002. A late Triassic impact ejecta layer in southwestern Britain. Science 298, 2185–2188.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yoshida, S., Handa, Y., Suzuki, T., Ogawa, M., Suzuki, M., Tamai, A., Abe, A., Katayama, E., Sasakawa, C., 2006. Microtubule-severing activity of Shigella is pivotal for intercellular spreading. Science 314, 985–989.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dewulf, G., Blanken, A., Bult-Spiering, M., 2012. Strategic Issues in Public-Private Partnerships. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Durand, M.L., Miller, J.W., Young, L.H. (Eds.), 2016. Endophthalmitis. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Maso, M., 2016. Energy Harvesting Oriented Transceiver Design for 5G Networks, in: Shakir, M.Z., Imran, M.A., A. Qaraqe, K., Alouini, M.-S., V. Vasilakos, A. (Eds.), Energy Management in Wireless Cellular and Ad-Hoc Networks, Studies in Systems, Decision and Control. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 67–95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2016. Here’s What Happens When You Shine A Laser On The Blackest Material Ever Made [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005. Highlights of an Expert Panel: The Benefits and Costs of Highway and Transit Investments (No. GAO-05-423SP). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ahn, M., 2017. Student Perception of Language Achievement and Learner Autonomy in a Blended Korean Language Course: The Case Study of Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B., 2017. Hyperactive Latvian ‘Not Afraid of Anything’ Makes Final. New York Times B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Craelius, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Craelius, 2002; Krabbenhoft and Sunderland, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Krabbenhoft and Sunderland, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Yoshida et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research
AbbreviationJ. Vet. Behav.
ISSN (print)1558-7878
ScopeGeneral Veterinary

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