How to format your references using the Journal of Urbanism: International Research on Placemaking and Urban Sustainability citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Urbanism: International Research on Placemaking and Urban Sustainability. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shi, Pei-Yong. 2014. “Structural Biology. Unraveling a Flavivirus Enigma.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 343 (6173): 849–850.
A journal article with 2 authors
Minamino, Tohru, and Keiichi Namba. 2008. “Distinct Roles of the FliI ATPase and Proton Motive Force in Bacterial Flagellar Protein Export.” Nature 451 (7177): 485–488.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xue, Song, Kate Calvin, and Hong Li. 2006. “RNA Recognition and Cleavage by a Splicing Endonuclease.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 312 (5775): 906–910.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Hall, David A., Heng Zhu, Xiaowei Zhu, Thomas Royce, Mark Gerstein, and Michael Snyder. 2004. “Regulation of Gene Expression by a Metabolic Enzyme.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 306 (5695): 482–484.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Martin-Flatin, Jean-Philippe. 2002. Web-Based Management of IP Networks and Systems. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Rebohle, Lars. 2010. Rare-Earth Implanted MOS Devices for Silicon Photonics: Microstructural, Electrical and Optoelectronic Properties. Edited by Wolfgang Skorupa. Vol. 142. Springer Series in Materials Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Santos, Ricardo Serrão, Telmo Morato, and Fernando J. A. S. Barriga. 2012. “Increasing Pressure at the Bottom of the Ocean.” In Natural Resources, Sustainability and Humanity: A Comprehensive View, edited by Angela Mendonca, Ana Cunha, and Ranjan Chakrabarti, 69–81. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Urbanism: International Research on Placemaking and Urban Sustainability.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Meet The Man With Two Functioning Penises.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2003. Information Technology: DOD Needs to Leverage Lessons Learned from Its Outsourcing Projects. GAO-03-371. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cao, Qing. 2013. “East Asian Backpacker Tourists’ Motivations for Participating in Backpacking.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, Mary. 2012. “Texas School Group Adjusts Schedule Policy.” New York Times, October 26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Shi 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Shi 2014; Minamino and Namba 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Minamino and Namba 2008)
  • Three authors: (Xue, Calvin, and Li 2006)
  • 4 or more authors: (Hall et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Urbanism: International Research on Placemaking and Urban Sustainability
AbbreviationJ. Urban.
ISSN (print)1754-9175
ISSN (online)1754-9183
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development
Urban Studies

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