How to format your references using the Journal of Urbanism: International Research on Placemaking and Urban Sustainability citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Urbanism: International Research on Placemaking and Urban Sustainability. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Churchland, Patricia S. 2002. “Self-Representation in Nervous Systems.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 296 (5566): 308–310.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fodde, Riccardo, and Ron Smits. 2002. “Cancer Biology. A Matter of Dosage.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 298 (5594): 761–763.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yang, Jijin, Joseph I. Goldstein, and Edward R. D. Scott. 2007. “Iron Meteorite Evidence for Early Formation and Catastrophic Disruption of Protoplanets.” Nature 446 (7138): 888–891.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Raines, Kevin S., Sara Salha, Richard L. Sandberg, Huaidong Jiang, Jose A. Rodríguez, Benjamin P. Fahimian, Henry C. Kapteyn, Jincheng Du, and Jianwei Miao. 2010. “Three-Dimensional Structure Determination from a Single View.” Nature 463 (7278): 214–217.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Aronson, David R. 2006. Evidence-Based Technical Analysis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Becker, Claudia, Roland Fried, and Sonja Kuhnt, eds. 2013. Robustness and Complex Data Structures: Festschrift in Honour of Ursula Gather. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bertola, Paola, Nabil Harfoush, and Federica Vacca. 2016. “Charting Interdisciplinary Innovation Programs: Map of Experiences.” In Creating Innovation Leaders: A Global Perspective, edited by Banny Banerjee and Stefano Ceri, 105–123. Understanding Innovation. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Urbanism: International Research on Placemaking and Urban Sustainability.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2014. “Straight Hopping Toads Gain The Most Ground.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1999. Year 2000 Computing Challenge: OPM Has Made Progress on Business Continuity Planning. GGD-99-66. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eaddy, Marc. 2008. “An Empirical Assessment of the Crosscutting Concern Problem.” Doctoral dissertation, New York, NY: Columbia University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland, John. 2017. “Life Among the Boldface Names.” New York Times, July 28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Churchland 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Churchland 2002; Fodde and Smits 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fodde and Smits 2002)
  • Three authors: (Yang, Goldstein, and Scott 2007)
  • 4 or more authors: (Raines et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Urbanism: International Research on Placemaking and Urban Sustainability
AbbreviationJ. Urban.
ISSN (print)1754-9175
ISSN (online)1754-9183
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development
Urban Studies

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