How to format your references using the Journal of Urbanism: International Research on Placemaking and Urban Sustainability citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Urbanism: International Research on Placemaking and Urban Sustainability. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Polak, Tal. 2015. “Help Others--and Help Your Career.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 350 (6257): 246.
A journal article with 2 authors
von Zastrow, M., and K. Mostov. 2001. “Signal Transduction. A New Thread in an Intricate Web.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 294 (5548): 1845–1847.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kim, V. N., N. Kataoka, and G. Dreyfuss. 2001. “Role of the Nonsense-Mediated Decay Factor HUpf3 in the Splicing-Dependent Exon-Exon Junction Complex.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 293 (5536): 1832–1836.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Jackson, Matthew G., Stanley R. Hart, Anthony A. P. Koppers, Hubert Staudigel, Jasper Konter, Jerzy Blusztajn, Mark Kurz, and Jamie A. Russell. 2007. “The Return of Subducted Continental Crust in Samoan Lavas.” Nature 448 (7154): 684–687.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Onstott, Scott. 2017. AutoCAD® and AutoCAD LT® Essentials. Indianapolis, Indiana: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Prakash, Hastagiri. 2009. Game Theoretic Problems in Network Economics and Mechanism Design Solutions. Edited by Ramasuri Narayanam, Dinesh Garg, and Y. Narahari. Advanced Information and Knowledge Processing. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Flores, Ruben. 2015. “Making Sense of Suffering: Insights from Buddhism and Critical Social Science.” In World Suffering and Quality of Life, edited by Ronald E. Anderson, 65–73. Social Indicators Research Series. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Urbanism: International Research on Placemaking and Urban Sustainability.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2014. “World’s Largest Aquatic Insect Discovered.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2000. Health Care Access: Programs for Underserved Populations Could Be Improved. T-HEHS-00-81. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wuebbels, Paula J. 2014. “Effectiveness of Reading and Writing Across the Curriculum on Middle School Reading Comprehension and Preparation for Common Core State Standards.” Doctoral dissertation, St. Charles, MO: Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY, James C., Jr. 2017. “Man Charged With Murder In Shooting At Rap Show.” New York Times, July 13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Polak 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Polak 2015; von Zastrow and Mostov 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (von Zastrow and Mostov 2001)
  • Three authors: (Kim, Kataoka, and Dreyfuss 2001)
  • 4 or more authors: (Jackson et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Urbanism: International Research on Placemaking and Urban Sustainability
AbbreviationJ. Urban.
ISSN (print)1754-9175
ISSN (online)1754-9183
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development
Urban Studies

Other styles