How to format your references using the Journal of Transport & Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Transport & Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Postle, K., 2002. Close before opening. Science 295, 1658–1659.
A journal article with 2 authors
Heckman, T.M., Kauffmann, G., 2011. The coevolution of galaxies and supermassive black holes: a local perspective. Science 333, 182–185.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tanaka, S., Sawaya, M.R., Yeates, T.O., 2010. Structure and mechanisms of a protein-based organelle in Escherichia coli. Science 327, 81–84.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mangan, P.R., Harrington, L.E., O’Quinn, D.B., Helms, W.S., Bullard, D.C., Elson, C.O., Hatton, R.D., Wahl, S.M., Schoeb, T.R., Weaver, C.T., 2006. Transforming growth factor-beta induces development of the T(H)17 lineage. Nature 441, 231–234.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ahonen, T.T., Kasper, T., Melkko, S., 2005. 3G Marketing. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Tan, Y.-H., Björn-Andersen, N., Klein, S., Rukanova, B. (Eds.), 2011. Accelerating Global Supply Chains with IT-Innovation: ITAIDE Tools and Methods. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Van Weert, P., Sneyers, J., Demoen, B., 2008. Aggregates for CHR through Program Transformation, in: King, A. (Ed.), Logic-Based Program Synthesis and Transformation: 17th International Symposium, LOPSTR 2007, Kongens Lyngby, Denmark, August 23-24, 2007, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 59–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Transport & Health.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. ‘Food Comas’, Or Why Eating Sometimes Makes You Sleepy [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1989. Student Athletes: Information on Their Academic Performance (No. HRD-89-107FS). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Casale, N., 2015. Generational preferences in marketing medium selections of animal adoptions in nonprofit organizations: A correlational study (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K., 2010. Burgers With Attitude. New York Times NJ9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Postle, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Heckman and Kauffmann, 2011; Postle, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Heckman and Kauffmann, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Mangan et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Transport & Health
AbbreviationJ. Transp. Health
ISSN (print)2214-1405
ScopeSafety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
Health Policy
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Safety Research

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