How to format your references using the Journal of Transport & Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Transport & Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bonetta, L., 2010. Protein-protein interactions: Real-time analysis. Nature 468, 854.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mescher, M.C., De Moraes, C.M., 2014. Plant biology: Pass the ammunition. Nature 510, 221–222.
A journal article with 3 authors
Suzuki, G., Shimazu, N., Tanaka, M., 2012. A yeast prion, Mod5, promotes acquired drug resistance and cell survival under environmental stress. Science 336, 355–359.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Johnson, M.D., Oldach, D., Delwiche, C.F., Stoecker, D.K., 2007. Retention of transcriptionally active cryptophyte nuclei by the ciliate Myrionecta rubra. Nature 445, 426–428.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sutt, J., Lill, I., Müürsepp, O., 2013. The Engineer’s Manual of Construction Site Planning. John Wiley & Sons, Oxford.
An edited book
Velázquez, A., 2016. Standardized Hierarchical Vegetation Classification: Mexican and Global Patterns, Geobotany Studies, Basics, Methods and Case Studies. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Zeng, T., Tang, C., Liu, Y., Qiu, J., Zhu, M., Dai, S., Xiang, Y., 2006. Mining h-Dimensional Enhanced Semantic Association Rule Based on Immune-Based Gene Expression Programming, in: Feng, L., Wang, G., Zeng, C., Huang, R. (Eds.), Web Information Systems – WISE 2006 Workshops: WISE 2006 International Workshops, Wuhan, China, October 23-26, 2006. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 49–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Transport & Health.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2016. African Scientists A Step Closer To Testing For TB In A Matter Of Minutes [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1986. Telecommunication: Air Force Cost Estimates for Scope Exchange Telephone Systems (No. IMTEC-86-22FS). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kraynik, M.J., 2009. Perceptions of U.S. Navy managers toward telecommuting as a management approach: A phenomenological study (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2008. Court Blocks Plans for New Gas Plant in New Jersey. New York Times B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bonetta, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Bonetta, 2010; Mescher and De Moraes, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mescher and De Moraes, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Johnson et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Transport & Health
AbbreviationJ. Transp. Health
ISSN (print)2214-1405
ScopeSafety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
Health Policy
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Safety Research

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