How to format your references using the Journal of Transport & Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Transport & Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McClung, C.R., 2014. Plant science. Making hunger yield. Science 344, 699–700.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bina, C.R., Navrotsky, A., 2000. Possible presence of high-pressure ice in cold subducting slabs. Nature 408, 844–847.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, Y.G., Pagani, M., Liu, Z., 2014. A 12-million-year temperature history of the tropical Pacific Ocean. Science 344, 84–87.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang, X., Rodrigues, T., Jiang, S., Cheng, X., Kellner, A.W.A., 2014. An Early Cretaceous pterosaur with an unusual mandibular crest from China and a potential novel feeding strategy. Sci. Rep. 4, 6329.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Upreti, S.R., 2017. Process Modeling and Simulation for Chemical Engineers. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Xie, J., Chen, Z., Douglas, C.C., Zhang, W., Chen, Y. (Eds.), 2016. High Performance Computing and Applications: Third International Conference, HPCA 2015, Shanghai, China, July 26-30, 2015, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Yang, G., Li, M., 2013. Western Political Science Theories and the Development of Political Theories in China, in: Guo, S. (Ed.), Political Science and Chinese Political Studies: The State of the Field. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 61–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Transport & Health.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. Parasitic Beetle Mimics Ants By “Speaking” Three Different “Languages” [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2004. Highlights of a GAO Forum: The Federal Government’s Role in Improving Financial Literacy (No. GAO-05-93SP). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cheung, L.C., 2017. Mixture models for left- and interval-censored data and concordance indices for composite survival outcomes (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2009. Even the Reliable Must Face the Inevitable. New York Times SP2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McClung, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Bina and Navrotsky, 2000; McClung, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bina and Navrotsky, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Transport & Health
AbbreviationJ. Transp. Health
ISSN (print)2214-1405
ScopeSafety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
Health Policy
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Safety Research

Other styles