How to format your references using the Journal of the Saudi Society of Dermatology & Dermatologic Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Saudi Society of Dermatology & Dermatologic Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schiermeier, Q., 2003. Climate change: the long road from Kyoto. Nature 426, 756.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stoltz, D.B., Whitfield, J.B., 2009. Virology. Making nice with viruses. Science 323, 884–885.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rossa, F.D., Dercole, F., Piccardi, C., 2013. Profiling core-periphery network structure by random walkers. Sci. Rep. 3, 1467.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wu, Y., Cain-Hom, C., Choy, L., Hagenbeek, T.J., de Leon, G.P., Chen, Y., Finkle, D., Venook, R., Wu, X., Ridgway, J., Schahin-Reed, D., Dow, G.J., Shelton, A., Stawicki, S., Watts, R.J., Zhang, J., Choy, R., Howard, P., Kadyk, L., Yan, M., Zha, J., Callahan, C.A., Hymowitz, S.G., Siebel, C.W., 2010. Therapeutic antibody targeting of individual Notch receptors. Nature 464, 1052–1057.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jensen, R.C., 2012. Risk-Reduction Methods for Occupational Safety and Health. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Bonato, A., Mitzenmacher, M., Prałat, P. (Eds.), 2013. Algorithms and Models for the Web Graph: 10th International Workshop, WAW 2013, Cambridge, MA, USA, December 14-15, 2013, Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Yasukochi, Y., Fujii, H., Goldsmith, M.R., 2008. Silkworm, in: Kole, C. (Ed.), Genome Mapping and Genomics in Arthropods, Genome Mapping Genomics Animals. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 43–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Saudi Society of Dermatology & Dermatologic Surgery.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. Study Reveals Shocking Ways British Anatomists Used To Obtain Child Corpses [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1983. Query Regarding Department of Education Regulations (No. B-210733). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Klein, K.A., 2009. Vocabulary acquisition via cross-situational learning (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rashbaum, W.K., Schwirtz, M., 2017. City Jails Chief Fires Deputy Accused of Eavesdropping. New York Times A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schiermeier, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Schiermeier, 2003; Stoltz and Whitfield, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stoltz and Whitfield, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Wu et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Saudi Society of Dermatology & Dermatologic Surgery
ISSN (print)2210-836X

Other styles