How to format your references using the Journal of the Saudi Society of Dermatology & Dermatologic Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Saudi Society of Dermatology & Dermatologic Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blatter, G., 2000. Schrodinger’s cat is now fat. Nature 406, 25–26.
A journal article with 2 authors
Politi, Y., Weaver, J.C., 2015. Biomineralization. Built for tough conditions. Science 347, 712–713.
A journal article with 3 authors
Park, S.-J., Taton, T.A., Mirkin, C.A., 2002. Array-based electrical detection of DNA with nanoparticle probes. Science 295, 1503–1506.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gu, C., Zhang, X., Jiang, J., Guan, Z., Zhao, S., Fang, W., Liao, Y., Chen, S., Chen, F., 2014. Chrysanthemum CmNAR2 interacts with CmNRT2 in the control of nitrate uptake. Sci. Rep. 4, 5833.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sharkh, S.M., Abusara, M.A., Orfanoudakis, G.I., Hussain, B., 2014. Power Electronic Converters for Microgrids. John Wiley & Sons, Singapore Pte. Ltd, Singapore.
An edited book
Lecoq, P., 2006. Inorganic Scintillators for Detector Systems: Physical Principles and Crystal Engineering, Particle Acceleration and Detection. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Šunjić, V., Petrović Peroković, V., 2016. Illogical Disconnections with Participation of Two Groups, in: Petrović Peroković, V. (Ed.), Organic Chemistry from Retrosynthesis to Asymmetric Synthesis. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 103–141.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Saudi Society of Dermatology & Dermatologic Surgery.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2016. Dinosaurs May Have Been Cooing To Each Other [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1989. Early Childhood Education: Information on Costs and Services at High-Quality Centers (No. HRD-89-130FS). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
France, K.A., 2015. Triadic Supervision: An Exploration of Supervisors’ Perceptions, Experiences and Practices (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rao, T., 2017. Comfort Food. New York Times BR13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Blatter, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Blatter, 2000; Politi and Weaver, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Politi and Weaver, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Gu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Saudi Society of Dermatology & Dermatologic Surgery
ISSN (print)2210-836X

Other styles