How to format your references using the Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics & Preventive Dentistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics & Preventive Dentistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
van der Hart HW. Physics. When does photoemission begin? Science. 2010 Jun 25;328(5986):1645–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yoon S-J, Lee Y-W. An aligned stream of low-metallicity clusters in the halo of the Milky Way. Science. 2002 Jul 26;297(5581):578–81.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dong J, Yang G, McHaourab HS. Structural basis of energy transduction in the transport cycle of MsbA. Science. 2005 May 13;308(5724):1023–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yang J-Y, Kim M-G, Park J-H, Hong S-T, Lee H-S. Evaluation of benzaldehyde derivatives from Morinda officinalis as anti-mite agents with dual function as acaricide and mite indicator. Sci Rep. 2014 Dec 1;4:7149.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Abid MM. Spacecraft Sensors. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
Lin SC, Yen E, editors. Data Driven e-Science: Use Cases and Successful Applications of Distributed Computing Infrastructures (ISGC 2010). New York, NY: Springer; 2011. XXII, 517 p.
A chapter in an edited book
Kikuchi M, Azumi M. Low Frequency Collective Motions in Tokamak. In: Azumi M, editor. Frontiers in Fusion Research II: Introduction to Modern Tokamak Physics. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 115–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics & Preventive Dentistry.

Blog post
Andrews R. Can You Solve The Murder Mystery Of The Phantom Fire? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. S. 1490, a Bill To Authorize the Administrator of General Services To Enter Into Multiyear Leases Through Use of the Automatic Data Processing Fund Without Obligating the Total Anticipated Payments To Be Made Under Such Leases. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977 Jul. Report No.: FGMSD-77-48.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Frieberg A. The Project of Reconciliation: Journalists and religious activists in Polish -German relations, 1956–1972 [Doctoral dissertation]. [Chapel Hill, NC]: University of North Carolina; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M. Think Green and Young. New York Times. 2010 Aug 5;E6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics & Preventive Dentistry
AbbreviationJ. Indian Soc. Pedod. Prev. Dent.
ISSN (print)0970-4388
ISSN (online)1998-3905
ScopeGeneral Dentistry

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