How to format your references using the Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics & Preventive Dentistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics & Preventive Dentistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Spoor F. Palaeoanthropology: The middle Pliocene gets crowded. Nature. 2015 May 28;521(7553):432–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bilham R, England P. Plateau “pop-up” in the great 1897 Assam earthquake. Nature. 2001 Apr 12;410(6830):806–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Verschure PFMJ, Voegtlin T, Douglas RJ. Environmentally mediated synergy between perception and behaviour in mobile robots. Nature. 2003 Oct 9;425(6958):620–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhou M, Ming W, Liu Z, Wang Z, Yao Y, Liu F. Formation of quantum spin Hall state on Si surface and energy gap scaling with strength of spin orbit coupling. Sci Rep. 2014 Nov 19;4:7102.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ferdjallah M. Introduction to Digital Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Rogers JA, Ghaffari R, Kim D-H, editors. Stretchable Bioelectronics for Medical Devices and Systems. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. XII, 314 p. 93 illus., 91 illus. in color. (Microsystems and Nanosystems).
A chapter in an edited book
Conti V, Perconti D, Romano S, Tona G, Vitabile S, Gaglio S, et al. Fast Fingerprints Classification Only Using the Directional Image. In: Apolloni B, Howlett RJ, Jain L, editors. Knowledge-Based Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems: 11th International Conference, KES 2007, XVII Italian Workshop on Neural Networks, Vietri sul Mare, Italy, September 12-14, 2007 Proceedings, Part I. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. p. 34–41. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics & Preventive Dentistry.

Blog post
Hale T. New Technology Reveals Art And Graffiti In Ancient Catacomb Beneath Rome [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Challenges of Protecting Personal Information in an Expanding Federal Computer Network Environment. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978 Apr. Report No.: LCD-76-102.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
To KS. Loss of Promoter Methylation is Correlated with mRNA Induction of Senescence Upregulated Gene UGT78D1 [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg B. No. 1, but Not at the Top of Their Games. New York Times. 2017 May 18;B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics & Preventive Dentistry
AbbreviationJ. Indian Soc. Pedod. Prev. Dent.
ISSN (print)0970-4388
ISSN (online)1998-3905
ScopeGeneral Dentistry

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