How to format your references using the Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics & Preventive Dentistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics & Preventive Dentistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cyranoski D. Critics slam treatment for SARS as ineffective and perhaps dangerous. Nature. 2003 May 1;423(6935):4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Klein G, Klein E. Bridge or ravine? Nature. 2001 Sep 27;413(6854):365.
A journal article with 3 authors
Deitsch KW, Calderwood MS, Wellems TE. Malaria. Cooperative silencing elements in var genes. Nature. 2001 Aug 30;412(6850):875–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Liu N, Wei H, Li J, Wang Z, Tian X, Pan A, et al. Plasmonic amplification with ultra-high optical gain at room temperature. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1967.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kerzner H, Belack C. Managing Complex Projects. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Hayat MA, editor. Stem Cells and Cancer Stem Cells, Volume 13: Therapeutic Applications in Disease and Injury. 1st ed. 2015. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2015. XL, 123 p. 11 illus., 8 illus. in color. (Stem Cells and Cancer Stem Cells; vol. 13).
A chapter in an edited book
Morales Chacón LM, Báez Martin MM. Autism Spectrum Disorder. A Clinical Neurophysiology Approach I. In: Robinson-Agramonte M de LA, editor. Translational Approaches to Autism Spectrum Disorder. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 65–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics & Preventive Dentistry.

Blog post
Davis J. Endangered Frog May Be Developing Resistance To Deadly Fungus. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. In-Flight Escape Systems for Helicopters Should Be Developed To Prevent Fatalities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1973 Jun. Report No.: B-177166.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vestergaard EV. The shadow in Latvian mythological legends: A Jungian perspective [Doctoral dissertation]. [Carpinteria, CA]: Pacifica Graduate Institute; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hu W, Singer JE. Drug and Bribery Investigation Brings New Scrutiny to Queens Karaoke Clubs. New York Times. 2015 Dec 11;A36.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics & Preventive Dentistry
AbbreviationJ. Indian Soc. Pedod. Prev. Dent.
ISSN (print)0970-4388
ISSN (online)1998-3905
ScopeGeneral Dentistry

Other styles