How to format your references using the Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics & Preventive Dentistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics & Preventive Dentistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bornholdt S. Systems biology. Less is more in modeling large genetic networks. Science. 2005 Oct 21;310(5747):449–51.
A journal article with 2 authors
Berndt A, Deisseroth K. OPTOGENETICS. Expanding the optogenetics toolkit. Science. 2015 Aug 7;349(6248):590–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kitching RP, Taylor NM, Thrusfield MV. Veterinary epidemiology: vaccination strategies for foot-and-mouth disease. Nature. 2007 Feb 8;445(7128):E12; discussion E12-3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Guccione E, Bassi C, Casadio F, Martinato F, Cesaroni M, Schuchlautz H, et al. Methylation of histone H3R2 by PRMT6 and H3K4 by an MLL complex are mutually exclusive. Nature. 2007 Oct 18;449(7164):933–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wolf EL, Medikonda M. Understanding the Nanotechnology Revolution. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2012.
An edited book
Willis-Esqueda C, editor. Motivational Aspects of Prejudice and Racism. New York, NY: Springer; 2008. IX, 145 p. (THE NEBRASKA SYMPOSIUM ON MOTIVATION).
A chapter in an edited book
Hustvedt G, Meier E, Waliczek T. The Feasibility of Large-Scale Composting of Waste Wool. In: Muthu SS, Gardetti MA, editors. Green Fashion: Volume 1. Singapore: Springer; 2016. p. 95–107. (Environmental Footprints and Eco-design of Products and Processes).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics & Preventive Dentistry.

Blog post
Taub B. World Trade Center Rescue Workers May Be At Risk Of Early Dementia [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Improved Implementation of Reform Law Is Critical to Better Manage Acquisitions and Operations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016 Dec. Report No.: GAO-17-263T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lucas MA. Bridging the Gap Between Schools and Families Through Teacher Home Visits [Doctoral dissertation]. [ St. Charles, MO]: Lindenwood University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. When a County Runs Off the Cliff. New York Times. 2012 Feb 18;BU1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics & Preventive Dentistry
AbbreviationJ. Indian Soc. Pedod. Prev. Dent.
ISSN (print)0970-4388
ISSN (online)1998-3905
ScopeGeneral Dentistry

Other styles