How to format your references using the Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society (J Am Oil Chem Soc). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rensberger B (2000) ESSAYS ON SCIENCE AND SOCIETY: The Nature of Evidence. Science 289:61
A journal article with 2 authors
Berman F, Cerf V (2013) Science priorities. Who will pay for public access to research data? Science 341:616–617
A journal article with 3 authors
Zikherman J, Parameswaran R, Weiss A (2012) Endogenous antigen tunes the responsiveness of naive B cells but not T cells. Nature 489:160–164
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Borchert R, Renner SS, Calle Z, et al (2005) Photoperiodic induction of synchronous flowering near the Equator. Nature 433:627–629

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hickey R (2013) A Dictionary of Varieties of English. John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken
An edited book
Tom WL (2014) Severe Skin Diseases in Children: Beyond Topical Therapy. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Idema R, Lahaye DJP (2014) Convergence Theory. In: Lahaye DJP (ed) Computational Methods in Power System Analysis. Atlantis Press, Paris, pp 29–44

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society.

Blog post
Carpineti C (2017) Watch How These Amazing Fish Escape Predators. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) Truck Safety: Motor Carriers Office’s Activities to Reduce Fatalities Are Likely to Have Little Short-term Effect. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chon JY (2012) Coping as a mediator of the relation between teacher perceived stress and teacher-student relationships. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron J (2017) Stepping Off Fifth Ave., Into a 1920s Paris Apartment. New York Times A12

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American Oil Chemists' Society
AbbreviationJ. Am. Oil Chem. Soc.
ISSN (print)0003-021X
ISSN (online)1558-9331
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
Organic Chemistry

Other styles