How to format your references using the Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goymer P (2014) Biodiversity: Leaping lizards. Nature 513:492
A journal article with 2 authors
Watson AJA, Williams JMJ (2010) Chemistry. The give and take of alcohol activation. Science 329:635–636
A journal article with 3 authors
Viswanathan SR, Daley GQ, Gregory RI (2008) Selective blockade of microRNA processing by Lin28. Science 320:97–100
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Santos-Lleo M, Schartel N, Tananbaum H, et al (2009) The first decade of science with Chandra and XMM-Newton. Nature 462:997–1004

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hansen KL, Zenobia KE (2011) Civil Engineer’s Handbook of Professional Practice. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Butz A, Fisher B, Krüger A, Olivier P (2006) Smart Graphics: 6th International Symposium, SG 2006, Vancouver, Canada, July 23-25, 2006. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Timmis J, Andrews P (2007) A Beginners Guide to Artificial Immune Systems. In: Flower D, Timmis J (eds) In Silico Immunology. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 47–62

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2017) Scientists Just Dealt A Major Blow To The Search For Life. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996) Resources, Community, and Economic Development Information Systems Issue Area: Active Assignments. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Davidson JM (2010) Transitional age youth—a program expansion to enhance existing services in Sonoma County: A grant-writing project. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dominus S (2016) They Were With Her From the Very Start. New York Times ST1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American Oil Chemists' Society
AbbreviationJ. Am. Oil Chem. Soc.
ISSN (print)0003-021X
ISSN (online)1558-9331
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
Organic Chemistry

Other styles