How to format your references using the Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hoag H (2003) In search of form and function. Nature 425:880–881
A journal article with 2 authors
Duchek P, Rørth P (2001) Guidance of cell migration by EGF receptor signaling during Drosophila oogenesis. Science 291:131–133
A journal article with 3 authors
Sevenster D, Beckers T, Kindt M (2013) Prediction error governs pharmacologically induced amnesia for learned fear. Science 339:830–833
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Liu H-D, Chen Y-H, Lin H-F, et al (2014) Antiferromagnetic metal and Mott transition on Shastry-Sutherland lattice. Sci Rep 4:4829

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jay SA (2006) High Voltage Electricity Installations. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, England
An edited book
Pantanowitz L (2012) Cytopathology of Infectious Diseases, 1st ed. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Wang H, Wang Q-X, Cheng Y-Y (2013) The 1st August 2010 Solar Storm Effects on the Ionosphere in the Yangtze River Delta Region Based on Ground and Space GPS Technology. In: Sun J, Jiao W, Wu H, Shi C (eds) China Satellite Navigation Conference (CSNC) 2013 Proceedings: BeiDou/GNSS Navigation Applications • Test & Assessment Technology • User Terminal Technology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 45–56

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) Pear-Shaped Nuclei Explain Lack Of Antimatter And Make Time-Travel Impossible. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014) Early Learning and Child Care: Federal Funds Support Multiple Programs with Similar Goals. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crivello A (2009) DNA methylation of the interferon-gamma promoter in association with overexpression of the interferon-gamma gene in periodontal disease. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines GG (2013) She’s Mighty, Muslim and Leaping Off the Page. New York Times C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American Oil Chemists' Society
AbbreviationJ. Am. Oil Chem. Soc.
ISSN (print)0003-021X
ISSN (online)1558-9331
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
Organic Chemistry

Other styles