How to format your references using the Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association (JAWMA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hong, W. 2013. Science & SciLifeLab Prize. Assembly of a Neural Circuit. Science 342 (6163): 1186.
A journal article with 2 authors
Beagle, S. D., and S. W. Lockless. 2015. Microbiology: Electrical Signalling Goes Bacterial. Nature 527 (7576): 44–45.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grigoryan, G., A. W. Reinke, and A. E. Keating. 2009. Design of Protein-Interaction Specificity Gives Selective BZIP-Binding Peptides. Nature 458 (7240): 859–864.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Chen, S., A. Z. Weitemier, X. Zeng, L. He, X. Wang, Y. Tao, A. J. Y. Huang, et al. 2018. Near-Infrared Deep Brain Stimulation via Upconversion Nanoparticle-Mediated Optogenetics. Science 359 (6376): 679–684.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
O’Kelly, M., and B. Ratitch. 2014. Clinical Trials with Missing Data. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Arizpe, L., and C. Amescua, eds. 2013. Anthropological Perspectives on Intangible Cultural Heritage. Vol. 6. SpringerBriefs in Environment, Security, Development and Peace. Heidelberg: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Ho, S.-B. 2014. On Effective Causal Learning. In Artificial General Intelligence: 7th International Conference, AGI 2014, Quebec City, QC, Canada, August 1-4, 2014. Proceedings, edited by B. Goertzel, L. Orseau, and J. Snaider, 43–52. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association.

Blog post
Luntz, S. 2015. Newly Discovered Glass Frog Looks Just Like Kermit! IFLScience. IFLScience. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2009. NASA: Commercial Partners Are Making Progress, but Face Aggressive Schedules to Demonstrate Critical Space Station Cargo Transport Capabilities. GAO-09-618. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Warrick, A. D. 2017. “Deep” South: Mammoth Cave, Kentucky, and Environmental Knowledge, 1800-1974. Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State, MS: Mississippi State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. 2012. Earning a Royal Silver, as Britain Continues Its Wait for a Gold. New York Times, August 1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hong, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Hong, 2013; Beagle and Lockless, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Beagle and Lockless, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Air & Waste Management Association
AbbreviationJ. Air Waste Manag. Assoc.
ISSN (print)1096-2247
ISSN (online)2162-2906
ScopeManagement, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Waste Management and Disposal

Other styles