How to format your references using the Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association (JAWMA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Scheschkewitz, D. 2010. Comment on “Single-Crystal X-Ray Structure of 1,3-Dimethylcyclobutadiene by Confinement in a Crystalline Matrix.” Science 330 (6007): 1047; author reply 1047.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kim, W.-Y., and W. D. Snider. 2008. Neuroscience. Overcoming Inhibitions. Science 322 (5903): 869–872.
A journal article with 3 authors
Friedberg, E. C., R. Wagner, and M. Radman. 2002. Specialized DNA Polymerases, Cellular Survival, and the Genesis of Mutations. Science 296 (5573): 1627–1630.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Bejerano, G., M. Pheasant, I. Makunin, S. Stephen, W. J. Kent, J. S. Mattick, and D. Haussler. 2004. Ultraconserved Elements in the Human Genome. Science 304 (5675): 1321–1325.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barron, E. N. 2013. Game Theory. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Huerta, J., S. Schade, and C. Granell, eds. 2014. Connecting a Digital Europe Through Location and Place. Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Oprach, M., and B. Bovekamp. 2013. Hybrid Threats and Supply Chain Safety Management. In Supply Chain Safety Management: Security and Robustness in Logistics, edited by M. Essig, M. Hülsmann, E.-M. Kern, and S. Klein-Schmeink, 89–100. Lecture Notes in Logistics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. New Species Of Penis Worm Discovered From Its Teeth. IFLScience. IFLScience. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1996. Amendment of FCC Rules to Deregulate the Equipment Authorization Requirements for Digital Devices. OGC-96-21. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zakharov, D. 2010. The Discrete Dirac Operator and the Discrete Generalized Weierstrass Representation in Pseudo-Euclidean Spaces. Doctoral dissertation, New York, NY: Columbia University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J. 2017. Podcast Therapy. New York Times, October 6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Scheschkewitz, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Scheschkewitz, 2010; Kim and Snider, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kim and Snider, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Bejerano et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Air & Waste Management Association
AbbreviationJ. Air Waste Manag. Assoc.
ISSN (print)1096-2247
ISSN (online)2162-2906
ScopeManagement, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Waste Management and Disposal

Other styles