How to format your references using the Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association (JAWMA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Umstadter, D. 2000. Laser Light Splits Atom. Nature 404 (6775): 239.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kuper, R., and S. Kröpelin. 2006. Climate-Controlled Holocene Occupation in the Sahara: Motor of Africa’s Evolution. Science 313 (5788): 803–807.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wittlinger, M., R. Wehner, and H. Wolf. 2006. The Ant Odometer: Stepping on Stilts and Stumps. Science 312 (5782): 1965–1967.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Wu, C. M., W. J. Chen, Y. Zheng, D. C. Ma, B. Wang, J. Y. Liu, and C. H. Woo. 2014. Controllability of Vortex Domain Structure in Ferroelectric Nanodot: Fruitful Domain Patterns and Transformation Paths. Sci. Rep. 4 (February): 3946.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Canham, J., and J. Bennett. 2008. Mentorship in Community Nursing: Challenges and Opportunities. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Science Ltd.
An edited book
Rathgeber, W., K.-U. Schrogl, and R. A. Williamson, eds. 2010. The Fair and Responsible Use of Space: An International Perspective. Vol. 4. Studies in Space Policy. Vienna: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Yeh, Y.-F., S.-P. Chien, H.-K. Wu, and Y.-S. Hsu. 2015. Rubrics of TPACK-P for Teaching Science with ICTs. In Development of Science Teachers’ TPACK: East Asian Practices, edited by Y.-S. Hsu, 53–70. Singapore: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. Meth Lab Found At A Federal Research Facility After It Explodes. IFLScience. IFLScience. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1994. Space Station: Update on the Impact of the Expanded Russian Role. NSIAD-94-248. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gnoinska, M. K. 2010. Poland and the Cold War in East and Southeast Asia, 1949-1965. Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. 2006. For Roosevelt Schools, New Year and New Woes. New York Times, September 17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Umstadter, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Umstadter, 2000; Kuper and Kröpelin, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kuper and Kröpelin, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Wu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Air & Waste Management Association
AbbreviationJ. Air Waste Manag. Assoc.
ISSN (print)1096-2247
ISSN (online)2162-2906
ScopeManagement, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Waste Management and Disposal

Other styles