How to format your references using the Journal of Sustainable Finance & Investment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Sustainable Finance & Investment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, Paul. 2003. “Out in the Cold.” Nature 421 (6918): 95.
A journal article with 2 authors
Leonhardt, Ulf, and Tomás Tyc. 2009. “Broadband Invisibility by Non-Euclidean Cloaking.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 323 (5910): 110–112.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pahwa, Sakshi, Caterina Scoglio, and Antonio Scala. 2014. “Abruptness of Cascade Failures in Power Grids.” Scientific Reports 4 (January): 3694.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Andersen, Jan Terje, Maria Gonzalez-Pajuelo, Stian Foss, Ole J. B. Landsverk, Débora Pinto, Alexander Szyroki, Hans J. de Haard, Michael Saunders, Peter Vanlandschoot, and Inger Sandlie. 2013. “Selection of Nanobodies That Target Human Neonatal Fc Receptor.” Scientific Reports 3 (January): 1118.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dant, Sara. 2016. Losing Eden. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Barták, Roman, and Michela Milano, eds. 2005. Integration of AI and OR Techniques in Constraint Programming for Combinatorial Optimization Problems: Second International Conference, CPAIOR 2005, Prague, Czech Republic, May 31-June 1, 2005. Proceedings. Vol. 3524. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Wu, Jiahai, Huangfu Yang, Xiaowei Gao, Juncai Ma, and Kuien Liu. 2014. “Where to Find Help When You Are in an Emergency?” In Web-Age Information Management: WAIM 2014 International Workshops: BigEM, HardBD, DaNoS, HRSUNE, BIDASYS, Macau, China, June 16-18, 2014, Revised Selected Papers, edited by Yueguo Chen, Wolf-Tilo Balke, Jianliang Xu, Wei Xu, Peiquan Jin, Xin Lin, Tiffany Tang, and Eenjun Hwang, 31–43. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Sustainable Finance & Investment.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. 2016. “Archaeologists Think They’ve Found Captain Cook’s Ship.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2011. Aviation Security: TSA Has Enhanced Its Explosives Detection Requirements for Checked Baggage, but Additional Screening Actions Are Needed. GAO-11-740. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fisher, Evan. 2012. “Suffering God.” Doctoral dissertation, Carpinteria, CA: Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, Ben. 2016. “Murray, on a High, Raises His Sights.” New York Times, September 1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik 2003; Leonhardt and Tyc 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Leonhardt and Tyc 2009)
  • Three authors: (Pahwa, Scoglio, and Scala 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Andersen et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Sustainable Finance & Investment
ISSN (print)2043-0795
ISSN (online)2043-0809

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