How to format your references using the Journal of Sustainable Finance & Investment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Sustainable Finance & Investment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Poulin, Philippe. 2005. “Chemistry. New Gels for Mixing Immiscible Liquids.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 309 (5744): 2174–2175.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stamm, Luisa M., and Marcia B. Goldberg. 2011. “Microbiology. Establishing the Secretion Hierarchy.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 331 (6021): 1147–1148.
A journal article with 3 authors
Melchor, Ricardo N., Silvina De Valais, and Jorge F. Genise. 2002. “Bird-like Fossil Footprints from the Late Triassic.” Nature 417 (6892): 936–938.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Novikov, Alexander P., Stepan N. Kalmykov, Satoshi Utsunomiya, Rodney C. Ewing, François Horreard, Alex Merkulov, Sue B. Clark, Vladimir V. Tkachev, and Boris F. Myasoedov. 2006. “Colloid Transport of Plutonium in the Far-Field of the Mayak Production Association, Russia.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 314 (5799): 638–641.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fabozzi, Frank J., and Pamela Peterson Drake. 2009. Finance. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Wolfson, Adi. 2015. Sustainability through Service: Perspectives, Concepts and Examples. Edited by Shlomo Mark, Patrick M. Martin, and Dorith Tavor. SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Edward, Shakuntala Gupta, and Navin Sabharwal. 2015. “The MongoDB Data Model.” In Practical MongoDB: Architecting, Developing, and Administering MongoDB, edited by Navin Sabharwal, 29–34. Berkeley, CA: Apress.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Sustainable Finance & Investment.

Blog post
Andrews, Robin. 2015. “Humans Have More ‘Plastic,’ Adaptable Brains Than Chimpanzees.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1971. Use of ADP Equipment Operated by Three or Four Typical Government Contractors. B-115369. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Haffner, Ikem. 2017. “Experimental Investigation of Temperature Dependency in Transmission Characteristics of Liquid Crystals by Spectroscopy.” Doctoral dissertation, Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, Mary Williams. 2016. “Puerto Rico Asks Congress for Law to Allow It to Restructure $49 Billion in Debt.” New York Times, February 6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Poulin 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Poulin 2005; Stamm and Goldberg 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stamm and Goldberg 2011)
  • Three authors: (Melchor, De Valais, and Genise 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Novikov et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Sustainable Finance & Investment
ISSN (print)2043-0795
ISSN (online)2043-0809

Other styles