How to format your references using the Journal of Sustainable Finance & Investment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Sustainable Finance & Investment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hurst, James K. 2010. “Chemistry. In Pursuit of Water Oxidation Catalysts for Solar Fuel Production.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 328 (5976): 315–316.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hadders, Michael A., and Susanne M. A. Lens. 2014. “Cell Biology. Mind the Midzone.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 345 (6194): 265–266.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wu, Jiang I., Gerald R. Crabtree, and Gerald R. Crabtee. 2007. “Cell Signaling. Nuclear Actin as Choreographer of Cell Morphology and Transcription.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 316 (5832): 1710–1711.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Smith, R. J., R. D. J. Muir, M. J. Walpole, A. Balmford, and N. Leader-Williams. 2003. “Governance and the Loss of Biodiversity.” Nature 426 (6962): 67–70.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Minoli, Daniel. 2004. A Networking Approach to Grid Computing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ishaaya, Isaac, Subba Reddy Palli, and A. Rami Horowitz, eds. 2013. Advanced Technologies for Managing Insect Pests. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Specht, Edward John, Harold Trainer Jones, Keith G. Calkins, and Donald H. Rhoads. 2015. “Incidence and Betweenness (IB).” In Euclidean Geometry and Its Subgeometries, edited by Harold Trainer Jones, Keith G. Calkins, and Donald H. Rhoads, 63–77. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Sustainable Finance & Investment.

Blog post
Davis, Josh. 2015. “New Medical Material Uses Snake Venom To Stem Bleeding.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2007. Information Technology: Immigration and Customs Enforcement Needs to Fully Address Significant Infrastructure Modernization Program Management Weaknesses. GAO-07-565. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Blumenfeld, Diana B. 2015. “Policy Making and the U.S. Response to Global HIV/AIDS.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Greenhouse, Linda. 2008. “Detainees at Guantánamo Fight Further Appeal Delay.” New York Times, February 22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hurst 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Hurst 2010; Hadders and Lens 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hadders and Lens 2014)
  • Three authors: (Wu, Crabtree, and Crabtee 2007)
  • 4 or more authors: (Smith et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Sustainable Finance & Investment
ISSN (print)2043-0795
ISSN (online)2043-0809

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