How to format your references using the Journal of Sustainable Finance & Investment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Sustainable Finance & Investment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grillner, Sten. 2011. “Neuroscience. Human Locomotor Circuits Conform.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 334 (6058): 912–913.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mishima, Osamu, and Yoshiharu Suzuki. 2002. “Propagation of the Polyamorphic Transition of Ice and the Liquid-Liquid Critical Point.” Nature 419 (6907): 599–603.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ito, K., M. Uno, and Y. Nakamura. 2000. “A Tripeptide ‘anticodon’ Deciphers Stop Codons in Messenger RNA.” Nature 403 (6770): 680–684.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Poelwijk, Frank J., Daniel J. Kiviet, Daniel M. Weinreich, and Sander J. Tans. 2007. “Empirical Fitness Landscapes Reveal Accessible Evolutionary Paths.” Nature 445 (7126): 383–386.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Durenard, Eugene A. 2013. Professional Automated Trading. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Weltner, Klaus. 2009. Mathematics for Physicists and Engineers: Fundamentals and Interactive Study Guide. Edited by Wolfgang J. Weber, Jean Grosjean, and Peter Schuster. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Beardall, John, and John A. Raven. 2016. “Carbon Acquisition by Microalgae.” In The Physiology of Microalgae, edited by Michael A. Borowitzka, John Beardall, and John A. Raven, 89–99. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Sustainable Finance & Investment.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, Jonathan. 2017. “NASA’s Curiosity Rover Spots Metallic Object On Mars.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1973. Expenditures for Telephone Services and Adequacy of Controls Over Such Services. B-118638. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sampson, Rebecca. 2010. “The Effects of Foster Care on Children: A Comparison of 18th Century through Modern Day Foster Care Practices.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kovaleski, Serge F., and Alexandra Alter. 2015. “Intrigue Grows Over New Book by Harper Lee.” New York Times, July 2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Grillner 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Grillner 2011; Mishima and Suzuki 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mishima and Suzuki 2002)
  • Three authors: (Ito, Uno, and Nakamura 2000)
  • 4 or more authors: (Poelwijk et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Sustainable Finance & Investment
ISSN (print)2043-0795
ISSN (online)2043-0809

Other styles