How to format your references using the Journal of Sustainable Finance & Investment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Sustainable Finance & Investment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kirschner, Marc. 2008. “Profile: Bruce Alberts, Science’s New Editor.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 319 (5867): 1199.
A journal article with 2 authors
Huxley, Andrew, and Andrew G. Green. 2007. “Physics. Electrons Acquire a Split Personality in Bismuth.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 317 (5845): 1694–1695.
A journal article with 3 authors
Drinnenberg, Ines A., Gerald R. Fink, and David P. Bartel. 2011. “Compatibility with Killer Explains the Rise of RNAi-Deficient Fungi.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 333 (6049): 1592.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Kenet, Tal, Dmitri Bibitchkov, Misha Tsodyks, Amiram Grinvald, and Amos Arieli. 2003. “Spontaneously Emerging Cortical Representations of Visual Attributes.” Nature 425 (6961): 954–956.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schiesser, William E. 2017. Spline Collocation Methods for Partial Differential Equations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Preedy, Victor R., Lan-Anh Hunter, and Vinood B. Patel, eds. 2013. Diet Quality: An Evidence-Based Approach, Volume 2. Nutrition and Health. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Singh Saharan, Govind, Naresh Mehta, and Prabhu Dayal Meena. 2016. “Epidemiology and Forecasting.” In Alternaria Diseases of Crucifers: Biology, Ecology and Disease Management, edited by Naresh Mehta and Prabhu Dayal Meena, 99–124. Singapore: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Sustainable Finance & Investment.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo. 2015. “Scientists Discover New Phase Of Matter.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2006. National Transportation Safety Board: Preliminary Observations on the Value of Comprehensive Planning, and Greater Use of Leading Practices and the Training Academy. GAO-06-801T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sumi, Selina Jahan. 2015. “Eco-Hydrology Driven Evaluation of Statistically Downscaled Precipitation CMIP5 Climate Model Simulations over Louisiana.” Doctoral dissertation, Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, Mary. 2013. “Dog’s Death After Westminster Has Handler Suspecting It Wasn’t an Accident.” New York Times, February 28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kirschner 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Kirschner 2008; Huxley and Green 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Huxley and Green 2007)
  • Three authors: (Drinnenberg, Fink, and Bartel 2011)
  • 4 or more authors: (Kenet et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Sustainable Finance & Investment
ISSN (print)2043-0795
ISSN (online)2043-0809

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