How to format your references using the Journal of Sustainable Finance & Investment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Sustainable Finance & Investment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sukhdev, Pavan. 2012. “Sustainability: The Corporate Climate Overhaul.” Nature 486 (7401): 27–28.
A journal article with 2 authors
Macfarlane, Alan, and Gerry Martin. 2004. “Beyond the Ivory Tower. A World of Glass.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 305 (5689): 1407–1408.
A journal article with 3 authors
Verbiscer, Anne J., Michael F. Skrutskie, and Douglas P. Hamilton. 2009. “Saturn’s Largest Ring.” Nature 461 (7267): 1098–1100.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Lee, Heng-Chi, Shwu-Shin Chang, Swati Choudhary, Antti P. Aalto, Mekhala Maiti, Dennis H. Bamford, and Yi Liu. 2009. “QiRNA Is a New Type of Small Interfering RNA Induced by DNA Damage.” Nature 459 (7244): 274–277.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ben-Daya, Mohammed, Uday Kumar, and D. N. Prabhakar Murthy. 2016. Introduction to Maintenance Engineering. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Halvorsen, Ole Henry. 2011. OS X and IOS Kernel Programming. Edited by Douglas Clarke. Berkeley, CA: Apress.
A chapter in an edited book
Kreuzer, Martin, and Lorenzo Robbiano. 2016. “Zero-Dimensional Affine Algebras.” In Computational Linear and Commutative Algebra, edited by Lorenzo Robbiano, 131–184. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Sustainable Finance & Investment.

Blog post
Hamilton, Kristy. 2016. “To Bee Or Not To Bee – Why Some Insects Pretend To Be Dangerous.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. State Department: Tourist Visa Processing Backlogs Persist at U.S. Consulates. NSIAD-98-69. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Altiparmak, Fatih. 2008. “Online Management and Mining of Heteregenous and Dynamic Time Series.” Doctoral dissertation, Columbus, OH: Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pérez-Peña, Richard, and Michael S. Schmidt. 2014. “Woman Is Beheaded in Attack at Oklahoma Food Plant.” New York Times, September 27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sukhdev 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Sukhdev 2012; Macfarlane and Martin 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Macfarlane and Martin 2004)
  • Three authors: (Verbiscer, Skrutskie, and Hamilton 2009)
  • 4 or more authors: (Lee et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Sustainable Finance & Investment
ISSN (print)2043-0795
ISSN (online)2043-0809

Other styles