How to format your references using the Journal of Structural Biology: X citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Structural Biology: X. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sales, B.C., 2002. Thermoelectric materials. Smaller is cooler. Science 295, 1248–1249.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wagner, E.F., Petruzzelli, M., 2015. Cancer metabolism: A waste of insulin interference. Nature 521, 430–431.
A journal article with 3 authors
Balser, D.S., Rood, R.T., Bania, T.M., 2007. Comment on “Deep mixing of 3He: reconciling Big Bang and stellar nucleosynthesis.” Science 317, 1170.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Knutson, H.A., Charbonneau, D., Allen, L.E., Fortney, J.J., Agol, E., Cowan, N.B., Showman, A.P., Cooper, C.S., Megeath, S.T., 2007. A map of the day-night contrast of the extrasolar planet HD 189733b. Nature 447, 183–186.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Muccini, M., Toffanin, S., 2016. Organic Light-Emitting Transistors. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Schmid, A., Goel, S., Wang, W., Beiu, V., Carrara, S. (Eds.), 2009. Nano-Net: 4th International ICST Conference, Nano-Net 2009, Lucerne, Switzerland, October 18-20, 2009. Proceedings, Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Falcone, Y., Fernandez, J.-C., Mounier, L., Richier, J.-L., 2006. A Test Calculus Framework Applied to Network Security Policies, in: Havelund, K., Núñez, M., Roşu, G., Wolff, B. (Eds.), Formal Approaches to Software Testing and Runtime Verification: First Combined International Workshops, FATES 2006 and RV 2006, Seattle, WA, USA, August 15-16, 2006, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 55–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Structural Biology: X.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2015. Coral Reefs Need Cleaning Too [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/coral-reefs-need-cleaning-too/ (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1974. DOD’s Full-Time, Fully Funded Graduate and Undergraduate Education Programs (No. B-175773). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Delisio, J.P., 2017. Fighting For A Cure: The Berry Plan’s Impact on Civilian Medical Research (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Billard, M., 2016. The View From the Back Row. New York Times D7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sales, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Sales, 2002; Wagner and Petruzzelli, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wagner and Petruzzelli, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Knutson et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Structural Biology: X
ISSN (print)2590-1524
Scope

Other styles