How to format your references using the Journal of Structural Biology: X citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Structural Biology: X. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McEwen, A.S., 2002. Planetary science. Active volcanism on Io. Science 297, 2220–2221.
A journal article with 2 authors
Levine, A.J., Puzio-Kuter, A.M., 2010. The control of the metabolic switch in cancers by oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes. Science 330, 1340–1344.
A journal article with 3 authors
Palla, G., Barabási, A.-L., Vicsek, T., 2007. Quantifying social group evolution. Nature 446, 664–667.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Brinkmann, V., Reichard, U., Goosmann, C., Fauler, B., Uhlemann, Y., Weiss, D.S., Weinrauch, Y., Zychlinsky, A., 2004. Neutrophil extracellular traps kill bacteria. Science 303, 1532–1535.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wang, J., Wang, Q., 2012. Body Area Communications. John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte Ltd, Singapore.
An edited book
Scott, J., Stoeckli, E. (Eds.), 2012. Neuromedia: Art and Neuroscience Research. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Gribovskaya, N., Virbitskaite, I., 2007. A Categorical Observation of Timed Testing Equivalence, in: Malyshkin, V. (Ed.), Parallel Computing Technologies: 9th International Conference, PaCT 2007, Pereslavl-Zalessky, Russia, September 3-7, 2007. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 35–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Structural Biology: X.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. Earth Doesn’t Get Weirder Than The Bubbling Springs Of Ethiopia [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1974. Salary of Executive Director, National Advisory Council on Vocational Education (No. B-179188). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rudoy, S.I., 2014. Developing a model for understanding mindfulness as a potential intervention for obsessive-compulsive disorder (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S., 2006. Engels Would Gasp, and Locals Gripe, at a Golden Mile. New York Times A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McEwen, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Levine and Puzio-Kuter, 2010; McEwen, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Levine and Puzio-Kuter, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Brinkmann et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Structural Biology: X
ISSN (print)2590-1524

Other styles