How to format your references using the Journal of Structural Biology: X citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Structural Biology: X. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sadler, J.E., 2002. Biomedicine. Contact--how platelets touch von Willebrand factor. Science 297, 1128–1129.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bianco, P.R., Kowalczykowski, S.C., 2000. Translocation step size and mechanism of the RecBC DNA helicase. Nature 405, 368–372.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kuzuyama, T., Noel, J.P., Richard, S.B., 2005. Structural basis for the promiscuous biosynthetic prenylation of aromatic natural products. Nature 435, 983–987.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Fomenko, D.E., Xing, W., Adair, B.M., Thomas, D.J., Gladyshev, V.N., 2007. High-throughput identification of catalytic redox-active cysteine residues. Science 315, 387–389.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Berg, M.C., 2000. The Fourier-Analytic Proof of Quadratic Reciprocity. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Gurevych, I., Kim, J. (Eds.), 2013. The People’s Web Meets NLP: Collaboratively Constructed Language Resources, Theory and Applications of Natural Language Processing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Hashmi, A.S., 2016. Historical Roots of the Deobandi Version of Jihadism and Its Implications for Violence in Today’s Pakistan, in: Syed, J., Pio, E., Kamran, T., Zaidi, A. (Eds.), Faith-Based Violence and Deobandi Militancy in Pakistan. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp. 133–161.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Structural Biology: X.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. Some Thought She Was Possessed By The Devil, But Doctors Figured Out What Was Causing This Little Girls Uncontrollable Laughter [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1971. Feasibility of Treating Contractors’ Independent Research and Development Costs as a Budget Line Item (No. B-164912). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Olszewski, R.M., 2012. Donor Motivations for Donating to a Nonprofit Without a Previous Relationship (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K., 2003. Glittering Prizes. New York Times 141.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sadler, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Bianco and Kowalczykowski, 2000; Sadler, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bianco and Kowalczykowski, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Fomenko et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Structural Biology: X
ISSN (print)2590-1524

Other styles