How to format your references using the Journal of Sport & Tourism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Sport & Tourism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kondro, W. (2000). CANADIAN UNIVERSITIES: Funding of 2000 Slots Sets Off Musical Chairs. Science (New York, N.Y.), 288(5474), 2112.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gonnermann, H. M., & Mukhopadhyay, S. (2009). Preserving noble gases in a convecting mantle. Nature, 459(7246), 560–563.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ostojic, S., Somfai, E., & Nienhuis, B. (2006). Scale invariance and universality of force networks in static granular matter. Nature, 439(7078), 828–830.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Nateri, A. S., Riera-Sans, L., Da Costa, C., & Behrens, A. (2004). The ubiquitin ligase SCFFbw7 antagonizes apoptotic JNK signaling. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5662), 1374–1378.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wen, S., & Huang, P. (2011). Principles of Tribology. John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte Ltd.
An edited book
Chahl, J. S., Jain, L. C., Mizutani, A., & Sato-Ilic, M. (Eds.). (2007). Innovations in Intelligent Machines - 1 (Vol. 70). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Buck, M. (2014). Patient Treatment. In D. Beckers & M. Buck (Eds.), PNF in Practice: An Illustrated Guide (pp. 53–61). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Sport & Tourism.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2013, December 6). Tattoo-like sensor actively monitors patient. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1990). Highway Safety: Trends in Highway Fatalities 1975-1987 (PEMD-90-10). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ball-Miles, N. M. (2014). The relationship between witnessing verbal marital conflict as a child and the behavioral anger responses in adulthood [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2015, June 18). Appointee on Pensions. New York Times, B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kondro, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Gonnermann & Mukhopadhyay, 2009; Kondro, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gonnermann & Mukhopadhyay, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Ostojic et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Nateri et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Sport & Tourism
AbbreviationJ. Sport Tourism
ISSN (print)1477-5085
ISSN (online)1029-5399
ScopeTourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

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