How to format your references using the Journal of Sport & Tourism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Sport & Tourism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Triplett, W. (2000). NASA pins hopes on bigger, costlier mission to Mars. Nature, 406(6797), 666.
A journal article with 2 authors
Simpson, G. G., & Dean, C. (2002). Arabidopsis, the Rosetta stone of flowering time? Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5566), 285–289.
A journal article with 3 authors
Butterworth, B., Varma, S., & Laurillard, D. (2011). Dyscalculia: from brain to education. Science (New York, N.Y.), 332(6033), 1049–1053.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Parsons, J., Altmann, F., Graf, M., Stadlmann, J., Reski, R., & Decker, E. L. (2013). A gene responsible for prolyl-hydroxylation of moss-produced recombinant human erythropoietin. Scientific Reports, 3, 3019.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wagner, D., & Balog, E. (2012). Advanced Technical Analysis of ETFs. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Mittermeir, R. T. (Ed.). (2006). Informatics Education – The Bridge between Using and Understanding Computers: International Conference in Informatics in Secondary Schools – Evolution and Perspectives, ISSEP 2006, Vilnius, Lithuania, November 7-11, 2006. Proceedings (Vol. 4226). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Segal-Klein, H. (2016). “Rendillelane”: Spatial Views from the Periphery of Kenya. In M. M. Kithinji, M. M. Koster, & J. P. Rotich (Eds.), Kenya After 50: Reconfiguring Historical, Political, and Policy Milestones (pp. 83–106). Palgrave Macmillan US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Sport & Tourism.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, October 2). How Close Are We To Actually Becoming Martians? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). Highlights of a Forum: Transforming Transportation Policy for the 21st Century (GAO-07-1210SP). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Swann, E. (2014). Adult learning for healthy aging: An investigation of health literacy and technology use in older adults [Doctoral dissertation]. Florida Atlantic University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Candaele, K. (2004, October 17). Caminiti’s Baseball Legacy. New York Times, 811.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Triplett, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Simpson & Dean, 2002; Triplett, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Simpson & Dean, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Butterworth et al., 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Parsons et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Sport & Tourism
AbbreviationJ. Sport Tourism
ISSN (print)1477-5085
ISSN (online)1029-5399
ScopeTourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

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