How to format your references using the Journal of Science: Advanced Materials and Devices citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Science: Advanced Materials and Devices. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
K. Kleiner, Civil aviation faces green challenge, Nature. 448 (2007) 120–121.
A journal article with 2 authors
M.B. Markus, J.E. Fincham, Mbeki and AIDS in Africa, Science. 288 (2000) 2131d.
A journal article with 3 authors
C. Melton, R.L. Judson, R. Blelloch, Opposing microRNA families regulate self-renewal in mouse embryonic stem cells, Nature. 463 (2010) 621–626.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Y. Dor, J. Brown, O.I. Martinez, D.A. Melton, Adult pancreatic beta-cells are formed by self-duplication rather than stem-cell differentiation, Nature. 429 (2004) 41–46.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Foote, J. Hillier, K. Mitchell-Wallace, M. Jones, Natural catastrophe risk management and modelling, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford, UK, 2017.
An edited book
K. Starke, M. Gaestel, eds., Molecular Chaperones in Health and Disease, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
P.I. Azócar Fernández, M.F. Buchroithner, Critical Cartography in the Context of Post-Modernism, in: M.F. Buchroithner (Ed.), Paradigms in Cartography: An Epistemological Review of the 20th and 21st Centuries, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014: pp. 65–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Science: Advanced Materials and Devices.

Blog post
J. Fang, Eyeless Yeti Crabs Discovered Living on Antarctic Hydrothermal Vents, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Information Regarding the Effect of Applying the Representative Tax System to the General Revenue Sharing, Medicaid, and Vocational Education Programs, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1983.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. Hardin, A study of social cognitive theory: The relationship between professional learning communities and collective teacher efficacy in international school settings, Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
STEVEN LEE MYERS; C.J. Chivers contributed reporting from Beslan for this article, S.K.F. Melikhovo, PUTIN SAYS RUSSIA FACES FULL “WAR” TO DIVIDE NATION, New York Times. (2004) 11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Science: Advanced Materials and Devices
ISSN (print)2468-2179

Other styles