How to format your references using the Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development (JRRD). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Myers S. Forensics offers career opportunities for the Sherlock Holmes of the future--and the work is far from elementary. Nature. 2003 Feb 20;421(6925):872–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Symington LS, Holloman WK. Molecular biology. New Year’s resolution--resolving resolvases. Science. 2004 Jan 9;303(5655):184–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Takeuchi N, Yamanashi Y, Yoshikawa N. Reversible logic gate using adiabatic superconducting devices. Sci Rep. 2014 Sep 15;4:6354.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hwang Y-J, Lee E-W, Song J, Kim H-R, Jun Y-C, Hwang K-A. MafK positively regulates NF-κB activity by enhancing CBP-mediated p65 acetylation. Sci Rep. 2013 Nov 19;3:3242.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saksena FB. Patient Studies in Valvular, Congenital, and Rarer Forms of Cardiovascular Disease. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
Toponogov VA. Differential Geometry of Curves and Surfaces: A Concise Guide. Rovenski VY, editor. Boston, MA: Birkhäuser; 2006. XIV, 206 p. 70 illus.
A chapter in an edited book
Bertelsen A. Irving Gottesman and the Schizophrenia Spectrum. In: Ritsner MS, editor. Handbook of Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders, Volume I: Conceptual Issues and Neurobiological Advances. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011. p. 115–25.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development.

Blog post
Hamilton K. Does Eating Bamboo Make It Harder For Pandas To Reproduce [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Next Generation Air Transportation System: Progress and Challenges in Planning and Implementing the Transformation of the National Airspace System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007 Mar. Report No.: GAO-07-649T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McCarthy BA. Mentoring’s critical components: Four traditional teachers’, four alternate -route teachers’, and four mentors’ perspectives [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Medina J. In California, City Teeters On Brink of Bankruptcy. New York Times. 2012 Mar 1;A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Rehabilitation Research & Development
AbbreviationJ. Rehabil. Res. Dev.
ISSN (print)0748-7711
ISSN (online)1938-1352

Other styles