How to format your references using the Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development (JRRD). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bunk S. Teaching science graduates to think business. Nature. 2002 Jun 13;417(6890):4–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Krieg AM, Lipford GB. Immunology. The toll of cathepsin K deficiency. Science. 2008 Feb 1;319(5863):576–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zheng X, Zhang R, Huang H. Theoretical modeling of relative humidity on contact electrification of sand particles. Sci Rep. 2014 Mar 18;4:4399.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Stone JO, Balco GA, Sugden DE, Caffee MW, Sass LC 3rd, Cowdery SG, et al. Holocene deglaciation of Marie Byrd Land, West Antarctica. Science. 2003 Jan 3;299(5603):99–102.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Korst J, Pronk V. Multimedia Storage and Retrieval. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
Ratajczak MZ, editor. Adult Stem Cell Therapies: Alternatives to Plasticity. New York, NY: Springer; 2014. XV, 266 p. 47 illus., 35 illus. in color. (Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine).
A chapter in an edited book
Brandt P. Findings of market basket monitoring. In: Brandt P, editor. Reports on Food Safety 2005: Food Monitoring. Basel: Birkhäuser; 2007. p. 13–33.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development.

Blog post
Taub B. 60-Year-Old Woman Wins Appeal To Become Pregnant With Dead Daughter’s Eggs [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Highway Bridges: Major Projects Present Challenges for States, but Strategies Exist to Overcome Them. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2017 Jul. Report No.: GAO-17-707.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Galvarin M. Special education paraeducators as instructional support [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
David Goodman J, White R. 2nd Victim Found in Rubble of Brooklyn Building That Exploded. New York Times. 2015 Oct 6;A26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Rehabilitation Research & Development
AbbreviationJ. Rehabil. Res. Dev.
ISSN (print)0748-7711
ISSN (online)1938-1352

Other styles