How to format your references using the Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development (JRRD). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ferrante AW Jr. Biomedicine. Improving metabolism by throwing out all the JNK. Science. 2013 Jan 11;339(6116):147–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liebman SW, Haber JE. Retrospective. Fred Sherman (1932-2013). Science. 2013 Nov 29;342(6162):1059.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jouvenet N, Bieniasz PD, Simon SM. Imaging the biogenesis of individual HIV-1 virions in live cells. Nature. 2008 Jul 10;454(7201):236–40.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Li MO, Sarkisian MR, Mehal WZ, Rakic P, Flavell RA. Phosphatidylserine receptor is required for clearance of apoptotic cells. Science. 2003 Nov 28;302(5650):1560–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Peterson RL. Trading on Sentiment. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2016.
An edited book
Lacey LA, Kaya HK, editors. Field Manual of Techniques in Invertebrate Pathology: Application and Evaluation of Pathogens for Control of Insects and other Invertebrate Pests. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2007. XVIII, 868 p.
A chapter in an edited book
Mazlan D, Abdul Awal ASM. Mechanical Properties of Cement Composites Incorporating Oil Palm Stem Fiber. In: Hassan R, Yusoff M, Ismail Z, Amin NM, Fadzil MA, editors. InCIEC 2013: Proceedings of the International Civil and Infrastructure Engineering Conference 2013. Singapore: Springer; 2014. p. 51–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. Red Dwarf Planets Might Not Be That Habitable After All. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Supply Management in the District of Columbia Public Schools. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976 Feb. Report No.: 089362.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nunez FV. A study of the application of the concepts of Karen Horney in leadership development within the National Management Association of the Boeing Company [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. Diplomatic Traveling Supporter Of U.S. Team Sees the Big Picture. New York Times. 2010 Jun 25;B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Rehabilitation Research & Development
AbbreviationJ. Rehabil. Res. Dev.
ISSN (print)0748-7711
ISSN (online)1938-1352

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