How to format your references using the Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Moore, D. D. (2011). Physiology. Crise de foie, redux? Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6022), 1275–1276.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hamilton, D. P., & Krüger, H. (2008). The sculpting of Jupiter’s gossamer rings by its shadow. Nature, 453(7191), 72–75.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vivier, E., Nunès, J. A., & Vély, F. (2004). Natural killer cell signaling pathways. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5701), 1517–1519.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Overpeck, J. T., Otto-Bliesner, B. L., Miller, G. H., Muhs, D. R., Alley, R. B., & Kiehl, J. T. (2006). Paleoclimatic evidence for future ice-sheet instability and rapid sea-level rise. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5768), 1747–1750.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grimes, R. A. (2017). Hacking the Hacker. Indianapolis, Indiana: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Wanner, A., & Sandhaus, R. A. (Eds.). (2016). Alpha-1 Antitrypsin: Role in Health and Disease (1st ed. 2016.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Tracqui, P., Namy, P., & Ohayon, J. (2007). In Vitro Tubulogenesis of Endothelial Cells: Analysis of a Bifurcation Process Controlled by a Mechanical Switch. In A. Deutsch, L. Brusch, H. Byrne, G. de Vries, & H. Herzel (Eds.), Mathematical Modeling of Biological Systems, Volume I: Cellular Biophysics, Regulatory Networks, Development, Biomedicine, and Data Analysis (pp. 47–57). Boston, MA: Birkhäuser.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, May 29). Scientists Discover Evolutionary Advantage For Homosexuality. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2009). Information Technology: Census Bureau Needs to Strengthen Testing of 2010 Decennial Systems (No. GAO-09-413T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rholdon, C. M. (2012). Analyzing Leadership Practices of Enrollment Management at Fletcher Technical Community College (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. (2016, November 21). ‘We Shall Overcome’ Moves Closer to Copyright Trial. New York Times, p. B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Moore 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Hamilton and Krüger 2008; Moore 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hamilton and Krüger 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Overpeck et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy
AbbreviationJ. Ration. Emot. Cogn. Behav. Ther.
ISSN (print)0894-9085
ISSN (online)1573-6563
ScopeClinical Psychology
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

Other styles