How to format your references using the Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Amos, L. A. (2008). Biochemistry. Pressing levers or pulling strings? Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5908), 1647–1648.
A journal article with 2 authors
Knepper, M. A., & Agre, P. (2004). Structural biology. The atomic architecture of a gas channel. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5690), 1573–1574.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rome, L. C., Flynn, L., & Yoo, T. D. (2006). Biomechanics: rubber bands reduce the cost of carrying loads. Nature, 444(7122), 1023–1024.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zeqiraj, E., Filippi, B. M., Deak, M., Alessi, D. R., & van Aalten, D. M. F. (2009). Structure of the LKB1-STRAD-MO25 complex reveals an allosteric mechanism of kinase activation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 326(5960), 1707–1711.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bosq, D., & Blanke, D. (2007). Inference and Prediction in Large Dimensions: Bosq/Inference and Prediction in Large Dimensions. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Looi, C.-K., & Teh, L. W. (Eds.). (2015). Scaling Educational Innovations. Singapore: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hayes, A. T. (2014). An Approach to Holistic Development of Serious Games and Learning Simulations. In P. Zaphiris & A. Ioannou (Eds.), Learning and Collaboration Technologies. Technology-Rich Environments for Learning and Collaboration: First International Conference, LCT 2014, Held as Part of HCI International 2014, Heraklion, Crete, Greece, June 22-27, 2014, Proceedings, Part II (pp. 42–49). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, August 2). The White Sand Dunes Of New Mexico Are A Weird And Wonderful Place. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977). Establishing a Proper Fee Schedule Under the Independent Offices Appropriation Act, 1952 (No. CED-77-70). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boakyewa, O. A. (2014). Nana Oparebea and the Akonnedi Shrine: Cultural, religious and global agents (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leguizamo, J. (2016, October 21). ‘Too Bad You’re Latin.’ New York Times, p. A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Amos 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Amos 2008; Knepper and Agre 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Knepper and Agre 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Zeqiraj et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy
AbbreviationJ. Ration. Emot. Cogn. Behav. Ther.
ISSN (print)0894-9085
ISSN (online)1573-6563
ScopeClinical Psychology
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

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