How to format your references using the Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Buffett, B. (2014). Geomagnetic fluctuations reveal stable stratification at the top of the Earth’s core. Nature, 507(7493), 484–487.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bianco, P., & Robey, P. G. (2001). Stem cells in tissue engineering. Nature, 414(6859), 118–121.
A journal article with 3 authors
Miller, R. F., Cloutier, R., & Turner, S. (2003). The oldest articulated chondrichthyan from the Early Devonian period. Nature, 425(6957), 501–504.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Sedkov, Y., Cho, E., Petruk, S., Cherbas, L., Smith, S. T., Jones, R. S., et al. (2003). Methylation at lysine 4 of histone H3 in ecdysone-dependent development of Drosophila. Nature, 426(6962), 78–83.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Simmendinger, H. (2013). HOAI 2013: Praxisleitfaden für Ingenieure und Architekten. D-69451 Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH.
An edited book
Pankratius, V., & Philippsen, M. (Eds.). (2012). Multicore Software Engineering, Performance, and Tools: International Conference, MSEPT 2012, Prague, Czech Republic, May 31 - June 1, 2012. Proceedings (Vol. 7303). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Soto-Oñate, D. (2015). The Historical Origins of Regional Economic Inequality in Spain: The Cultural Legacy of Political Institutions. In N. Schofield & G. Caballero (Eds.), The Political Economy of Governance: Institutions, Political Performance and Elections (pp. 79–111). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2016, August 8). Desert-Dwelling Elephants Have A Unique Culture But Common Genetics. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Transportation Infrastructure: Department of Transportation Highway and Mass Transit Program Reauthorization Proposals (No. T-RCED-91-26). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Legaspi, J. (2010). Accelerated supported employment program: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear, M. D., & Erlanger, S. (2017, May 25). Trump Condemns ‘Deeply Troubling’ Leaks on Attack After Complaints in Britain. New York Times, p. A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Buffett 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Bianco and Robey 2001; Buffett 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bianco and Robey 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Sedkov et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy
AbbreviationJ. Ration. Emot. Cogn. Behav. Ther.
ISSN (print)0894-9085
ISSN (online)1573-6563
ScopeClinical Psychology
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

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