How to format your references using the Journal of Rail Transport Planning & Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Rail Transport Planning & Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zharkov, D., 2000. Wise fool left Hussars for career in science admin. Nature 406, 560.
A journal article with 2 authors
Azam, F., Worden, A.Z., 2004. Oceanography. Microbes, molecules, and marine ecosystems. Science 303, 1622–1624.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hautier, Y., Niklaus, P.A., Hector, A., 2009. Competition for light causes plant biodiversity loss after eutrophication. Science 324, 636–638.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wu, C.M., Chen, W.J., Zheng, Y., Ma, D.C., Wang, B., Liu, J.Y., Woo, C.H., 2014. Controllability of vortex domain structure in ferroelectric nanodot: fruitful domain patterns and transformation paths. Sci. Rep. 4, 3946.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rittereiser, C.M., Kochard, L.E., 2010. Top Hedge Fund Investors. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Mitton, N., Gallais, A., Kantarci, M.E., Papavassiliou, S. (Eds.), 2014. Ad Hoc Networks: 6th International ICST Conference, ADHOCNETS 2014, Rhodes, Greece, August 18-19, 2014, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Lewis, H., 2012. Complying with Regulations, in: Verghese, K., Lewis, H., Fitzpatrick, L. (Eds.), Packaging for Sustainability. Springer, London, pp. 155–169.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Rail Transport Planning & Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2016. Garage Biotech: New Drugs Using Only A Computer, The Internet And Free Online Data [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1981. HHS Ability To Effectively Implement Incentive Funding for State Information Systems in the Aid to Families With Dependent Children Program (No. HRD-81-119). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Colna, K.E., 2017. Latitudinal Position and Trends of the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) and its Relationship with Upwelling in the Southern Caribbean Sea and Global Climate Indices (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., 2015. James Wood, 85; Revived A.&P. Chain. New York Times A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zharkov, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Azam and Worden, 2004; Zharkov, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Azam and Worden, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Wu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Rail Transport Planning & Management
ISSN (print)2210-9706
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Modelling and Simulation

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