How to format your references using the Journal of Rail Transport Planning & Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Rail Transport Planning & Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Adam, D., 2001. Plans for GM livestock fail the poor. Nature 411, 403.
A journal article with 2 authors
Feuillet, C., Eversole, K., 2009. Plant science. Solving the maze. Science 326, 1071–1072.
A journal article with 3 authors
Taggart, A.K.P., Teng, S.-C., Zakian, V.A., 2002. Est1p as a cell cycle-regulated activator of telomere-bound telomerase. Science 297, 1023–1026.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Crotty, S., Kersh, E.N., Cannons, J., Schwartzberg, P.L., Ahmed, R., 2003. SAP is required for generating long-term humoral immunity. Nature 421, 282–287.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Minoli, D., 2007. IP Multicast with Applications to IPTV and Mobile DVB-H. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Alberts, D., Lluria-Prevatt, M., Kha, S., Weihs, K. (Eds.), 2016. Supportive Cancer Care. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Hühnerfuss, H., 2006. Basic physicochemical principles of monomolecular sea slicks and crude oil spills, in: Gade, M., Hühnerfuss, H., Korenowski, G.M. (Eds.), Marine Surface Films: Chemical Characteristics, Influence on Air-Sea Interactions and Remote Sensing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 21–35.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Rail Transport Planning & Management.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2017. A Company Has Launched A Rocket From A Balloon For The First Time [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005. Space Shuttle: Actions Needed to Better Position NASA to Sustain Its Workforce Through Retirement (No. GAO-05-230). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Marshall, L.D., 2015. The jeweled net, sacred landscape, and the vision of the heart (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Corkery, M., Walsh, M.W., 2015. Puerto Rico’s Crisis Draws Split in Congress and Muted White House Reply. New York Times B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brune, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Buetow, 2005; Gardiner, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Feuillet and Eversole, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Lu et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Rail Transport Planning & Management
ISSN (print)2210-9706
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Modelling and Simulation

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