How to format your references using the Journal of Rail Transport Planning & Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Rail Transport Planning & Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pearson, H., 2001. China caught out as model shows net fall in fish. Nature 414, 477.
A journal article with 2 authors
Burton, D.R., Weiss, R.A., 2010. AIDS/HIV. A boost for HIV vaccine design. Science 329, 770–773.
A journal article with 3 authors
Levison, H.F., Kretke, K.A., Duncan, M.J., 2015. Growing the gas-giant planets by the gradual accumulation of pebbles. Nature 524, 322–324.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Schenk, P.M., McKinnon, W.B., Gwynn, D., Moore, J.M., 2001. Flooding of Ganymede’s bright terrains by low-viscosity water-ice lavas. Nature 410, 57–60.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bunker, G., Thomson, D., 2006. Delivering Utility Computing. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Friedrich, G., Helmert, M., Wotawa, F. (Eds.), 2016. KI 2016: Advances in Artificial Intelligence: 39th Annual German Conference on AI, Klagenfurt, Austria, September 26-30, 2016, Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Marle, F., Vidal, L.-A., 2016. Assessing Vulnerability of Complex Projects, in: Vidal, L.-A. (Ed.), Managing Complex, High Risk Projects: A Guide to Basic and Advanced Project Management. Springer, London, pp. 119–144.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Rail Transport Planning & Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2016. Why Alcohol Makes You Feel Warm – And Other Strange Effects It Has On The Brain [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1979. Current National Issues Involving Science and Technology (No. 094310). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Anderson, E., 2017. Predicting Home Purchase Location in DC: An Intersectional Approach (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L., 2009. Sorting Out their Goals, and Options. New York Times WE7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pearson, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Burton and Weiss, 2010; Pearson, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Burton and Weiss, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Schenk et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Rail Transport Planning & Management
ISSN (print)2210-9706
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Modelling and Simulation

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