How to format your references using the Journal of Rail Transport Planning & Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Rail Transport Planning & Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zeebe, R.E., 2010. Journal club. A physicist and biogeochemist gets a kick out of the problem of Brownian motion and diffusion. Nature 466, 1025.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mimitou, E.P., Symington, L.S., 2008. Sae2, Exo1 and Sgs1 collaborate in DNA double-strand break processing. Nature 455, 770–774.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cacciuto, A., Auer, S., Frenkel, D., 2004. Onset of heterogeneous crystal nucleation in colloidal suspensions. Nature 428, 404–406.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Koizumi, S., Shigemoto-Mogami, Y., Nasu-Tada, K., Shinozaki, Y., Ohsawa, K., Tsuda, M., Joshi, B.V., Jacobson, K.A., Kohsaka, S., Inoue, K., 2007. UDP acting at P2Y6 receptors is a mediator of microglial phagocytosis. Nature 446, 1091–1095.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morris, S.A., 2011. Food and Package Engineering. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Pinn, A.B. (Ed.), 2016. Humanism and Technology: Opportunities and Challenges, Studies in Humanism and Atheism. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Cummins, R.A., 2013. Subjective Well-Being, Homeostatically Protected Mood and Depression: A Synthesis, in: Delle Fave, A. (Ed.), The Exploration of Happiness: Present and Future Perspectives, Happiness Studies Book Series. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 77–95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Rail Transport Planning & Management.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. Zombie Genes That Wake Up After You Die Could Help To Predict Time Of Death [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1977. Responsibilities, Actions, and Coordination of Federal Agencies in International Telecommunications Services (No. CED-77-132). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kamph, M., 2017. Examining Commodity, Agency, and Value: Prehistoric French Replicas, Casts, and “Frauds” within the National Museum of Natural History’s Collection (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J., 2017. A Solution to Subway Delays Caused by Crowding? More Standing Room. New York Times A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zeebe, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Mimitou and Symington, 2008; Zeebe, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mimitou and Symington, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Koizumi et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Rail Transport Planning & Management
ISSN (print)2210-9706
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Modelling and Simulation

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