How to format your references using the Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blow N 2009 Functional neuroscience: changing the colour of MRI Nature 458 926
A journal article with 2 authors
Reisz R R and Smith M M 2001 Developmental biology. Lungfish dental pattern conserved for 360 Myr Nature 411 548
A journal article with 3 authors
Alford R A, Bradfield K S and Richards S J 2007 Ecology: global warming and amphibian losses Nature 447 E3-4; discussion E5-6
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Johnson M E, Viggiano L, Bailey J A, Abdul-Rauf M, Goodwin G, Rocchi M and Eichler E E 2001 Positive selection of a gene family during the emergence of humans and African apes Nature 413 514–9

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sarker D K 2013 Pharmaceutical Emulsions (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd)
An edited book
Kunusch C 2012 Sliding-Mode Control of PEM Fuel Cells ed P Puleston and M Mayosky (London: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Ohno K 2008 Vegetation-geographic evaluation of the syntaxonomic system of valley-bottom forests occurring in the cooltemperate zone of the Japanese Archipelago Ecology of Riparian Forests in Japan: Disturbance, Life History, and Regeneration ed H Sakio and T Tamura (Tokyo: Springer Japan) pp 49–72

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics.

Blog post
Davis J 2017 Lost Medieval City Discovered On England-Wales Border IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1999 Year 2000 Computing Challenge: Federal Business Continuity and Contingency Plans and Day One Strategies (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hart M M 2013 R&D Characteristics and Organizational Structure: Case Studies of University-Industry Research Centers Doctoral dissertation (Washington, DC: George Washington University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy M J O 2014 Friday File New York Times C31

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics
AbbreviationJ. Phys. G Nucl. Part. Phys.
ISSN (print)0954-3899
ISSN (online)1361-6471
ScopeNuclear and High Energy Physics

Other styles