How to format your references using the Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wolfe S M 2003 Medicine. Ephedra--scientific evidence versus money/politics Science 300 437
A journal article with 2 authors
Choi J-K and Bowles S 2007 The coevolution of parochial altruism and war Science 318 636–40
A journal article with 3 authors
Johnson C L, Constable C G and Tauxe L 2003 Geophysics. Mapping long-term changes in Earth’s magnetic field Science 300 2044–5
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Bikondoa O, Carbone D, Chamard V and Metzger T H 2013 Ageing dynamics of ion bombardment induced self-organization processes Sci. Rep. 3 1850

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lincoln N B, Kneebone I I, Macniven J A B and Morris R C 2011 Psychological Management of Stroke (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd)
An edited book
León B 2014 From Robot to Human Grasping Simulation vol 19, ed A Morales and J Sancho-Bru (Cham: Springer International Publishing)
A chapter in an edited book
Aprea M, Feuerstein E, Sadovoy G and de Loma A S 2009 Discrete online TSP Algorithmic Aspects in Information and Management: 5th International Conference, AAIM 2009, San Francisco, CA, USA, June 15-17, 2009. Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science ed A V Goldberg and Y Zhou (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer) pp 29–42

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics.

Blog post
Andrews R 2016 King Tutankhamun’s Dagger Was Literally Out Of This World IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1977 Guide for Evaluating Automated Systems (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rees C L 2009 A systems-level investigation into the genetic determinants of childhood-onset schizophrenia Doctoral dissertation (Washington, DC: George Washington University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky L 2006 “Caligula” Gives a Toga Party (But No One’s Really Invited) New York Times 234

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics
AbbreviationJ. Phys. G Nucl. Part. Phys.
ISSN (print)0954-3899
ISSN (online)1361-6471
ScopeNuclear and High Energy Physics

Other styles