How to format your references using the Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hanson J 2014 John Cornforth (1917-2013) Nature 506 35
A journal article with 2 authors
Wu Y and Marsh J W 2001 Selective transcription and modulation of resting T cell activity by preintegrated HIV DNA Science 293 1503–6
A journal article with 3 authors
Meyer zu Heringdorf F J, Reuter M C and Tromp R M 2001 Growth dynamics of pentacene thin films Nature 412 517–20
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Malaney P, Pathak R R, Xue B, Uversky V N and Davé V 2013 Intrinsic disorder in PTEN and its interactome confers structural plasticity and functional versatility Sci. Rep. 3 2035

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Linder B 2004 Thermodynamics and Introductory Statistical Mechanics (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Gartner G, Jobst M and Huang H 2016 Progress in Cartography: EuroCarto 2015 (Cham: Springer International Publishing)
A chapter in an edited book
Delingette H 2008 Biquadratic and Quadratic Springs for Modeling St Venant Kirchhoff Materials Biomedical Simulation: 4th International Symposium, ISBMS 2008, London, UK, July 7-8, 2008 Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science ed F Bello and P J E Edwards (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer) pp 40–8

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics.

Blog post
Andrew E 2015 Latest Beautiful Photo From NASA Shows The Moon And The ISS IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2007 Federal Aviation Administration: Viability of Current Funding Structure for Aviation Activities and Observations on Funding Provisions of Reauthorization Proposals (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Arzaga C B 2012 Homeless shelter program for the elderly in Los Angeles, California: A grant writing project Doctoral dissertation (Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M 2013 Wanted: Snow. Cold New York Times B12

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Physics D: Applied Physics
AbbreviationJ. Phys. D Appl. Phys.
ISSN (print)0022-3727
ISSN (online)1361-6463
ScopeElectronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Surfaces, Coatings and Films
Acoustics and Ultrasonics
Condensed Matter Physics

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