How to format your references using the Journal of Physics: Conference Series citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Physics: Conference Series. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sandidge J S 2003 Arachnology: scavenging by brown recluse spiders Nature 426 30
A journal article with 2 authors
Budd G E and Telford M J 2009 The origin and evolution of arthropods Nature 457 812–7
A journal article with 3 authors
Courchamp F, Woodroffe R and Roemer G 2003 Removing protected populations to save endangered species Science 302 1532
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Shindell D T, Schmidt G A, Mann M E, Rind D and Waple A 2001 Solar forcing of regional climate change during the Maunder Minimum Science 294 2149–52

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gable J and Herrmann T 2016 Counselling Skills for Dietitians (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd)
An edited book
Gao M C, Yeh J-W, Liaw P K and Zhang Y 2016 High-Entropy Alloys: Fundamentals and Applications (Cham: Springer International Publishing)
A chapter in an edited book
Moll F 2016 Channel Characterization and Modeling for LEO-Ground Links Optical Wireless Communications: An Emerging Technology Signals and Communication Technology ed M Uysal, C Capsoni, Z Ghassemlooy, A Boucouvalas and E Udvary (Cham: Springer International Publishing) pp 87–105

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Physics: Conference Series.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J 2015 We Could Soon Prove If Life Began Outside The Solar System Or Not IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2003 Business Modernization: NASA’s Challenges in Managing Its Integrated Financial Management Program (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yarijanian A A 2017 Cardborigami’s Strategic Business Plan to Address Urban Homelessness Doctoral dissertation (Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dorman J L 2017 Damien Chazelle on Los Angeles and Its Charms New York Times TR2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Physics: Conference Series
AbbreviationJ. Phys. Conf. Ser.
ISSN (print)1742-6588
ISSN (online)1742-6596
ScopeGeneral Physics and Astronomy

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