How to format your references using the Journal of Physics: Conference Series citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Physics: Conference Series. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ormerod P 2012 Social networks can spread the Olympic effect Nature 489 337
A journal article with 2 authors
Grewal S I S and Elgin S C R 2007 Transcription and RNA interference in the formation of heterochromatin Nature 447 399–406
A journal article with 3 authors
Long J C S, Loy F and Morgan M G 2015 Policy: Start research on climate engineering Nature 518 29–31
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Sanchez D F, Marmitt G, Marin C, Baptista D L, de M Azevedo G, Grande P L and Fichtner P F P 2013 New approach for structural characterization of planar sets of nanoparticles embedded into a solid matrix Sci. Rep. 3 3414

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Madden B J 2010 Wealth Creation (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Stojmenovic I, Cheng Z and Guo S 2014 Mobile and Ubiquitous Systems: Computing, Networking, and Services: 10th International Conference, MOBIQUITOUS 2013, Tokyo, Japan, December 2-4, 2013, Revised Selected Papers vol 131 (Cham: Springer International Publishing)
A chapter in an edited book
Imbert P 2015 Multiple Multiculturalisms: Resentment, Religion and Liberalism Cultural, Religious and Political Contestations: The Multicultural Challenge ed F Mansouri (Cham: Springer International Publishing) pp 49–67

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Physics: Conference Series.

Blog post
Luntz S 2015 Outstanding Planetary System On Our Astronomical Doorstep IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1989 Equal Employment Opportunity: Actions Needed for FAA to Implement Committee Recommendations in the Airline Industry (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hamilton M A 2003 Experiences of Everyday Racism: Understanding the Racial Difference in Perceptions of Physicians’ Cultural Competence Doctoral dissertation (Cincinnati, OH: University of Cincinnati)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chapman M M 2015 U.A.W. Contract With General Motors Is Ratified After Delay New York Times B3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Physics: Conference Series
AbbreviationJ. Phys. Conf. Ser.
ISSN (print)1742-6588
ISSN (online)1742-6596
ScopeGeneral Physics and Astronomy

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