How to format your references using the Journal of Physics: Conference Series citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Physics: Conference Series. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goldin D S 2000 Contributions to the u.s. Space program Science 288 2131c
A journal article with 2 authors
Teng M W L and Smyth M J 2014 Cancer. Can cancer trigger autoimmunity? Science 343 147–8
A journal article with 3 authors
Kirn T J, Jude B A and Taylor R K 2005 A colonization factor links Vibrio cholerae environmental survival and human infection Nature 438 863–6
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Bond H E, Henden A, Levay Z G, Panagia N, Sparks W B, Starrfield S, Wagner R M, Corradi R L M and Munari U 2003 An energetic stellar outburst accompanied by circumstellar light echoes Nature 422 405–8

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fuller S 2005 RapidIO®: The Embedded System Interconnect (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd)
An edited book
Lahiri S, Schick A, SenGupta A and Sriram T N 2014 Contemporary Developments in Statistical Theory: A Festschrift for Hira Lal Koul vol 68 (Cham: Springer International Publishing)
A chapter in an edited book
Dusseault D 2011 The Legacy of the Oil Industry in Tomsk Oblast: Contradictions Among Socio-Economic Development, Political Legitimacy and Corporate Profits Energy, Policy, and the Environment: Modeling Sustainable Development for the North Studies in Human Ecology and Adaptation ed M Järvelä and S Juhola (New York, NY: Springer) pp 65–86

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Physics: Conference Series.

Blog post
Luntz S 2014 Why One Glacier Isn’t Melting In a Warming World IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1987 FAA’s Implementation of a Performance Standard for Passenger Screening Process (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McGrew C 2008 Living with Diabetes: The Value of Everyday Communication Doctoral dissertation (Columbus, OH: Ohio State University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L 2006 Justices Curb Postal Service’s Immunity From Lawsuits New York Times A21

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Physics: Conference Series
AbbreviationJ. Phys. Conf. Ser.
ISSN (print)1742-6588
ISSN (online)1742-6596
ScopeGeneral Physics and Astronomy

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