How to format your references using the Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Greally J 2008 Journal club. A biologist considers a link between jumping genes and immune-system enzymes Nature 456 549
A journal article with 2 authors
Collins F S and Manolio T A 2007 Merging and emerging cohorts: necessary but not sufficient Nature 445 259
A journal article with 3 authors
Khudiyev T, Huseyinoglu E and Bayindir M 2014 Non-resonant Mie scattering: emergent optical properties of core-shell polymer nanowires Sci. Rep. 4 4607
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Peterson C H, Rice S D, Short J W, Esler D, Bodkin J L, Ballachey B E and Irons D B 2003 Long-term ecosystem response to the Exxon Valdez oil spill Science 302 2082–6

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tms 2011 Engineering Solutions for Sustainability (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Zhang D-P 2014 Abscisic Acid: Metabolism, Transport and Signaling (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands)
A chapter in an edited book
Jesi G P, Montresor A and Babaoglu O 2006 Proximity-Aware Superpeer Overlay Topologies Self-Managed Networks, Systems, and Services: Second IEEE International Workshop, SelfMan 2006, Dublin, Ireland, June 16, 2006. Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science ed A Keller and J-P Martin-Flatin (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer) pp 43–57

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter.

Blog post
Andrew E 2014 Stem Cell Therapy Allows Mice With MS-Like Condition To Walk Again IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2015 Information Technology: FDA Has Taken Steps to Address Challenges but Needs a Comprehensive Strategic Plan (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sheppard K C 2017 An Examination of School Choice Access, Opportunities, and Academic Outcomes in an Intra-District School Choice Program Doctoral dissertation ( Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B 2017 Land Mines in the Battlefields of Home and Office New York Times C2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Physics: Condensed Matter
AbbreviationJ. Phys. Condens. Matter
ISSN (print)0953-8984
ISSN (online)1361-648X
ScopeGeneral Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles