How to format your references using the Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lee C-T A 2004 Geophysics. Are Earth’s core and mantle on speaking terms? Science 306 64–5
A journal article with 2 authors
Khudiyev T and Bayindir M 2014 Superenhancers: novel opportunities for nanowire optoelectronics Sci. Rep. 4 7505
A journal article with 3 authors
Savill J, Gregory C and Haslett C 2003 Cell biology. Eat me or die Science 302 1516–7
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Religa P, Cao R, Religa D, Xue Y, Bogdanovic N, Westaway D, Marti H H, Winblad B and Cao Y 2013 VEGF significantly restores impaired memory behavior in Alzheimer’s mice by improvement of vascular survival Sci. Rep. 3 2053

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Speight J G 2017 Rules of Thumb for Petroleum Engineers (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Kamm J and Neumann B 2016 British TV Comedies: Cultural Concepts, Contexts and Controversies (London: Palgrave Macmillan UK)
A chapter in an edited book
Reiter U, Brunnström K, De Moor K, Larabi M-C, Pereira M, Pinheiro A, You J and Zgank A 2014 Factors Influencing Quality of Experience Quality of Experience: Advanced Concepts, Applications and Methods T-Labs Series in Telecommunication Services ed S Möller and A Raake (Cham: Springer International Publishing) pp 55–72

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter.

Blog post
Davis J 2017 Bizarre-Looking Hairy Slug Fossil May Be The Ancestor To Snails, Clams, And Octopuses IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1985 Pell Grant Validation Imposes Some Costs and Does Not Greatly Reduce Award Errors: New Strategies Are Needed (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Flynn M J 2013 Lifeguard employability skills Doctoral dissertation (Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L 2007 Justices to Hear Challenge to Money-Laundering Law New York Times A20

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Physics: Condensed Matter
AbbreviationJ. Phys. Condens. Matter
ISSN (print)0953-8984
ISSN (online)1361-648X
ScopeGeneral Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles