How to format your references using the Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Druker B J 2014 Janet Rowley (1925-2013) Nature 505 484
A journal article with 2 authors
Lincoln T A and Joyce G F 2009 Self-sustained replication of an RNA enzyme Science 323 1229–32
A journal article with 3 authors
Murthy V R, van Westrenen W and Fei Y 2003 Experimental evidence that potassium is a substantial radioactive heat source in planetary cores Nature 423 163–5
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Ito A, Yamamoto Y, Sato M, Ikeda K, Yamamoto M, Fujita H, Nagamori E, Kawabe Y and Kamihira M 2014 Induction of functional tissue-engineered skeletal muscle constructs by defined electrical stimulation Sci. Rep. 4 4781

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lütolf-Carroll C, Antti Pirnes and Withers LLP 2009 From Innovation to Cash Flows (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Csermely D and Regolin L 2013 Behavioral Lateralization in Vertebrates: Two Sides of the Same Coin (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Severiano J A D, Gonzalez C O, Fernandez R T and del Val C M 2006 Non-euclidean Metrics and Chordal Space Structures Computational Science and Its Applications - ICCSA 2006: International Conference, Glasgow, UK, May 8-11, 2006. Proceedings, Part I Lecture Notes in Computer Science ed M Gavrilova, O Gervasi, V Kumar, C J K Tan, D Taniar, A Laganá, Y Mun and H Choo (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer) pp 30–9

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter.

Blog post
Hale T 2016 China’s First Space Station Could Be Out Of Control And Heading For Earth IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1991 Environmental Protection: Solving NASA’s Current Problems Requires Agencywide Emphasis (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Seegmiller Renner A 2017 Empathy Development Through Role Modeling: A Qualitative Study of Instructor Experiences Doctoral dissertation (Minneapolis, MN: Capella University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gordon M R 2017 How the President Wrongly Blamed The Times for a Terrorist’s Survival New York Times A11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Physics: Condensed Matter
AbbreviationJ. Phys. Condens. Matter
ISSN (print)0953-8984
ISSN (online)1361-648X
ScopeGeneral Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles