How to format your references using the Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wuethrich B 2000 CONSERVATION BIOLOGY: Feds Team Up With a Company to Protect 17 Threatened Fish Species Science 289 385
A journal article with 2 authors
Wigler M and Mishra B 2002 Genetics. Wild by nature Science 296 1407–8
A journal article with 3 authors
Bannani A, Bobisch C and Möller R 2007 Ballistic electron microscopy of individual molecules Science 315 1824–8
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Kay S, Hahn S, Marois E, Hause G and Bonas U 2007 A bacterial effector acts as a plant transcription factor and induces a cell size regulator Science 318 648–51

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gage L J 2008 Hand-Rearing Wild and Domestic Mammals (Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd)
An edited book
Camussi R 2013 Noise Sources in Turbulent Shear Flows: Fundamentals and Applications vol 545 (Vienna: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Dodero J M, Ruiz-Rube I and Traverso I 2014 Automating Technical Reviews in Software Forges and Repositories Based on Linked Data Metadata and Semantics Research: 8th Research Conference, MTSR 2014, Karlsruhe, Germany, November 27-29, 2014. Proceedings Communications in Computer and Information Science ed S Closs, R Studer, E Garoufallou and M-A Sicilia (Cham: Springer International Publishing) pp 30–41

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics.

Blog post
Fang J 2015 Galapagos Birds are Adding Flowers to their Diet IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2015 Information Security: Department of Education and Other Federal Agencies Need to Better Implement Controls (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brasseaux S 2015 The Mississippi River-Gulf Outlet and Land Changes in Louisiana Deltaic Plain, Saint Bernard Parish, Louisiana Doctoral dissertation ( Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson M 2017 ‘Mean Girls’ Musical Is Broadway Bound New York Times C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics
AbbreviationJ. Phys. B At. Mol. Opt. Phys.
ISSN (print)0953-4075
ISSN (online)1361-6455
ScopeCondensed Matter Physics
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Other styles