How to format your references using the Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Butler D 2004 Power to the people Nature 430 928–9
A journal article with 2 authors
Nabel C S and Kohli R M 2011 Molecular biology. Demystifying DNA demethylation Science 333 1229–30
A journal article with 3 authors
Plaks V, Koopman C D and Werb Z 2013 Cancer. Circulating tumor cells Science 341 1186–8
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Romanov S R, Kozakiewicz B K, Holst C R, Stampfer M R, Haupt L M and Tlsty T D 2001 Normal human mammary epithelial cells spontaneously escape senescence and acquire genomic changes Nature 409 633–7

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Poikselkä M, Mayer G, Khartabil H and Niemi A 2004 The IMS (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd)
An edited book
Sterer N 2011 Breath Odors: Origin, Diagnosis, and Management ed M Rosenberg (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Labra Gayo J E, Farham H, Fernández J C and Álvarez Rodríguez J M 2014 Representing Statistical Indexes as Linked Data Including Metadata about Their Computation Process Metadata and Semantics Research: 8th Research Conference, MTSR 2014, Karlsruhe, Germany, November 27-29, 2014. Proceedings Communications in Computer and Information Science ed S Closs, R Studer, E Garoufallou and M-A Sicilia (Cham: Springer International Publishing) pp 42–53

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics.

Blog post
Taub B 2016 Cannabis Studies Called Into Question As Research Weed Is Too Weak IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1977 House of Representatives’ Amendment to the Energy Research and Development Administration’s Authorization Bill for Fiscal Year 1978 (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pettengill J B 2010 Elucidating the macro- and micro-evolutionary relationships of the federally listed endangered species Agalinis acuta (Orobanchaceae) Doctoral dissertation (College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart J B 2017 C.E.O.s Long Avoided Politics. Trump Is Changing the Calculus New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics
AbbreviationJ. Phys. B At. Mol. Opt. Phys.
ISSN (print)0953-4075
ISSN (online)1361-6455
ScopeCondensed Matter Physics
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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