How to format your references using the Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nasrallah J B 2002 Recognition and rejection of self in plant reproduction Science 296 305–8
A journal article with 2 authors
Payne J L and Wagner A 2014 The robustness and evolvability of transcription factor binding sites Science 343 875–7
A journal article with 3 authors
Dreger D S, Ford S R and Walter W R 2008 Source analysis of the Crandall Canyon, Utah, mine collapse Science 321 217
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Wang J, Chen L, Li L, He J, Chen J, Jiang C, Wang W, Li S, Li Y and Zhang R 2014 Preliminary identification of palaeofloods with the alkane ratio C31/C17 and their potential link to global climate changes Sci. Rep. 4 6502

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D’Amico G, Di Biase G, Janssen J and Manca R 2017 Semi-Markov Migration Models for Credit Risk (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Steyn D G and Rao S T 2010 Air Pollution Modeling and its Application XX (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands)
A chapter in an edited book
Bidaud P 2011 Evolutionary Algorithms in the Design of Complex Robotic Systems New Horizons in Evolutionary Robotics: Extended Contributions from the 2009 EvoDeRob Workshop Studies in Computational Intelligence ed S Doncieux, N Bredèche and J-B Mouret (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer) pp 43–52

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics.

Blog post
Andrew E 2016 Good News For The Only Place On Earth where Tigers, Rhinos, Orangutans And Elephants Live Together IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1992 Highway Safety: Safety Belt Use Laws Save Lives and Reduce Costs to Society (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crider M C 2012 The social and environmental effects of shrimp mariculture: Case studies of two coastal villages in Ecuador Doctoral dissertation (Boca Raton, FL: Florida Atlantic University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh M W 2015 A Puerto Rican Utility Makes Progress Toward a Debt Deal New York Times B2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics
AbbreviationJ. Phys. B At. Mol. Opt. Phys.
ISSN (print)0953-4075
ISSN (online)1361-6455
ScopeCondensed Matter Physics
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Other styles