How to format your references using the Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ihde D 2000 Putting technology in its place Nature 404 935
A journal article with 2 authors
Faccio D and Leach J 2013 Applied physics. Ghost imaging in three dimensions Science 340 821–2
A journal article with 3 authors
Di Matteo T, Springel V and Hernquist L 2005 Energy input from quasars regulates the growth and activity of black holes and their host galaxies Nature 433 604–7
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Lastovicka J, Akmaev R A, Beig G, Bremer J and Emmert J T 2006 Atmosphere. Global change in the upper atmosphere Science 314 1253–4

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Walker M 2013 Happy-People-Pills For All (Oxford, UK: Wiley Blackwell)
An edited book
Zia Ul Haq M 2016 Anthocyanins and Human Health: Biomolecular and therapeutic aspects ed M Riaz and B Saad (Cham: Springer International Publishing)
A chapter in an edited book
De Schryver E, Calus L, Derycke L, Bachert C and Gevaert P 2013 Local Nasal Inflammation: T Cells and B Cells Nasal Physiology and Pathophysiology of Nasal Disorders ed T M Önerci (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer) pp 47–67

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical.

Blog post
Hale T 2016 Butterfly Numbers Saw Record Lows This Summer In The UK IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1981 Small Businesses Are More Active as Inventors Than as Innovators in the Innovation Process (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McCahill T P 2014 Teacher perceptions of response to intervention for English learners Doctoral dissertation (Boca Raton, FL: Florida Atlantic University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J 2017 Revenue Jumps at Netflix As It Plans Spending Spree New York Times B5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical
AbbreviationJ. Phys. A Math. Theor.
ISSN (print)1751-8113
ISSN (online)1751-8121
ScopeMathematical Physics
Modelling and Simulation
Statistics and Probability
General Physics and Astronomy
Statistical and Nonlinear Physics

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