How to format your references using the Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wigzell H 2002 Science in Europe. Framework programmes evolve Science 295 443–5
A journal article with 2 authors
Lafuerza L F and Toral R 2013 On the effect of heterogeneity in stochastic interacting-particle systems Sci. Rep. 3 1189
A journal article with 3 authors
Jin J, Ouyang Z and Wang Z 2014 Association of fruit and vegetables with the risk of nasopharyngeal cancer: evidence from a meta-analysis Sci. Rep. 4 5229
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Pizzarello S, Huang Y, Becker L, Poreda R J, Nieman R A, Cooper G and Williams M 2001 The organic content of the Tagish Lake meteorite Science 293 2236–9

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Donham K J and Thelin A 2016 Agricultural Medicine (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc)
An edited book
Wang J, Yi Z, Zurada J M, Lu B-L and Yin H 2006 Advances in Neural Networks - ISNN 2006: Third International Symposium on Neural Networks, Chengdu, China, May 28 - June 1, 2006, Proceedings, Part III vol 3973 (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Souto E B, Fangueiro J F and Müller R H 2013 Solid Lipid Nanoparticles (SLNTM) Fundamentals of Pharmaceutical Nanoscience ed I F Uchegbu, A G Schätzlein, W P Cheng and A Lalatsa (New York, NY: Springer) pp 91–116

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical.

Blog post
Fang J 2016 Starving Microscopic Algae Will Digest Themselves IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1981 Comments on Proposed FPR Subpart (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Allard I N 2010 Examining the relationship between organizational culture and performance: Moderators of culture gap Doctoral dissertation (Scottsdale, AZ: Northcentral University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon J 2016 Violence in Milwaukee Was No Shock to Some New York Times A14

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical
AbbreviationJ. Phys. A Math. Theor.
ISSN (print)1751-8113
ISSN (online)1751-8121
ScopeMathematical Physics
Modelling and Simulation
Statistics and Probability
General Physics and Astronomy
Statistical and Nonlinear Physics

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