How to format your references using the Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Das S 2007 Geophysics. The need to study speed Science 317 905–6
A journal article with 2 authors
Nohturfft A and Losick R 2002 Cell biology. Fats, flies, and palmitate Science 296 857–8
A journal article with 3 authors
Di Toro G, Nielsen S and Pennacchioni G 2005 Earthquake rupture dynamics frozen in exhumed ancient faults Nature 436 1009–12
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Baum J K, Myers R A, Kehler D G, Worm B, Harley S J and Doherty P A 2003 Collapse and conservation of shark populations in the Northwest Atlantic Science 299 389–92

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Weverka P 2010 Microsoft® PowerPoint® 2010 All-in-One for Dummies® (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Angeles J, Boulet B, Clark J J, Kövecses J and Siddiqi K 2010 Brain, Body and Machine: Proceedings of an International Symposium on the Occasion of the 25th Anniversary of the McGill University Centre for Intelligent Machines vol 83 (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
The Ziggurat Group and Myles B S 2013 Building Social Skills Instruction for Children with Asperger Syndrome Asperger Syndrome: A Guide for Professionals and Families Issues in Children’s and Families’ Lives ed R W DuCharme and T P Gullotta (Boston, MA: Springer US) pp 91–111

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J 2016 Hyperloop Company Reveals Magnetic Levitation Tech That Will Reach Speeds Of 760mph IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1996 Federal Research: Interim Assessment of the Small Business Innovation Research and Technology Transfer Programs (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ouyang A 2006 Embryonic Stem Cell Culture in Fibrous Bed Bioreactor Doctoral dissertation (Columbus, OH: Ohio State University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik J 2017 A Hero’s Journey Is a Real Head Trip New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical
AbbreviationJ. Phys. A Math. Theor.
ISSN (print)1751-8113
ISSN (online)1751-8121
ScopeMathematical Physics
Modelling and Simulation
Statistics and Probability
General Physics and Astronomy
Statistical and Nonlinear Physics

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