How to format your references using the Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sandidge J S 2003 Arachnology: scavenging by brown recluse spiders Nature 426 30
A journal article with 2 authors
Singh S C and Macdonald K C 2009 Mantle skewness and ridge segmentation Nature 458 E11-2; author reply E12-3
A journal article with 3 authors
Dubrovinskaia N, Dubrovinsky L and Solozhenko V L 2007 Comment on “Synthesis of ultra-incompressible superhard rhenium diboride at ambient pressure” Science 318 1550; author reply 1550
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Dejnirattisai W, Jumnainsong A, Onsirisakul N, Fitton P, Vasanawathana S, Limpitikul W, Puttikhunt C, Edwards C, Duangchinda T, Supasa S, Chawansuntati K, Malasit P, Mongkolsapaya J and Screaton G 2010 Cross-reacting antibodies enhance dengue virus infection in humans Science 328 745–8

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Peters M, Glasser D, Hildebrandt D and Kauchali S 2011 Membrane Process Design Using Residue Curve Maps (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Ganesh S G 2016 Oracle Certified Professional Java SE 8 Programmer Exam 1Z0-809: Comprehensive OCPJP 8 Certification Guide ed H Kiran and T Sharma (Berkeley, CA: Apress)
A chapter in an edited book
Falzon K and Bodden E 2015 Dynamically Provisioning Isolation in Hierarchical Architectures Information Security: 18th International Conference, ISC 2015, Trondheim, Norway, September 9-11, 2015, Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science ed J Lopez and C J Mitchell (Cham: Springer International Publishing) pp 83–101

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical.

Blog post
Luntz S 2014 Watch Hundreds Of Sharks In A Feeding Frenzy IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2003 OFPP Followup to Federal Supply Schedule Recommendations (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hensley A L 2009 Gender, personality, and coping: Unraveling gender in military post -deployment physical and mental wellness Doctoral dissertation (Minneapolis, MN: Capella University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M 2012 Britain Adds Olympian New York Times B10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical
AbbreviationJ. Phys. A Math. Theor.
ISSN (print)1751-8113
ISSN (online)1751-8121
ScopeMathematical Physics
Modelling and Simulation
Statistics and Probability
General Physics and Astronomy
Statistical and Nonlinear Physics

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