How to format your references using the Journal of Photochemistry & Photobiology, C: Photochemistry Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Photochemistry & Photobiology, C: Photochemistry Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. Knight, Why microbiome treatments could pay off soon, Nature. 518 (2015) S5.
A journal article with 2 authors
R.N. Thompson, S.A. Gibson, Transient high temperatures in mantle plume heads inferred from magnesian olivines in Phanerozoic picrites, Nature. 407 (2000) 502–506.
A journal article with 3 authors
T. Takahashi, K. Svoboda, R. Malinow, Experience strengthening transmission by driving AMPA receptors into synapses, Science. 299 (2003) 1585–1588.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T. Matsuda, K. Horikawa, K. Saito, T. Nagai, Highlighted Ca2+ imaging with a genetically encoded “caged” indicator, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 1398.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
V. Sehgal, Supply Chain as Strategic Asset, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
K. Borre, A Software-Defined GPS and Galileo Receiver: A Single-Frequency Approach, Birkhäuser, Boston, MA, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
T. Tanaka, K. Fujii, Describing Global Musical Structures by Integer Programming on Musical Patterns, in: T. Collins, D. Meredith, A. Volk (Eds.), Mathematics and Computation in Music: 5th International Conference, MCM 2015, London, UK, June 22-25, 2015, Proceedings, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015: pp. 52–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Photochemistry & Photobiology, C: Photochemistry Reviews.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Why one hectare of rainforest grows more tree species than US and Canada combined, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Amendment No. 1--Documentation Requirements When Assessing Control Risk at Maximum for Controls Significantly Dependent Upon Computerized Information Systems (Superseded by GAO-03-673G) A-GAGAS-1, May 1999, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. Coyle, Pre-Service School Counselor’s Perception of Professional Identity Development During Internship, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Sisario, Linkin Park Album Is No. 1, Surprisingly, New York Times. (2017) C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Photochemistry & Photobiology, C: Photochemistry Reviews
AbbreviationJ. Photochem. Photobiol. C: Photochem. Rev.
ISSN (print)1389-5567
Organic Chemistry
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Other styles