How to format your references using the Journal of Photochemistry & Photobiology, C: Photochemistry Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Photochemistry & Photobiology, C: Photochemistry Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. Smaglik, The joy of the lab, Nature. 431 (2004) 227.
A journal article with 2 authors
D. di Bernardo, A. Murray, Explaining the T-wave shape in the ECG, Nature. 403 (2000) 40.
A journal article with 3 authors
C. Costello, S. Gaines, L.R. Gerber, Conservation science: A market approach to saving the whales, Nature. 481 (2012) 139–140.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
V.M. Bricelj, L. Connell, K. Konoki, S.P. Macquarrie, T. Scheuer, W.A. Catterall, V.L. Trainer, Sodium channel mutation leading to saxitoxin resistance in clams increases risk of PSP, Nature. 434 (2005) 763–767.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. Reay, Digital Signal Processing and Applications with the OMAP-L138 eXperimenter, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2012.
An edited book
Z. Pan, A.D. Cheok, W. Müller, M. Chang, eds., Transactions on Edutainment III, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Li, S. Huang, Estimating Array Connectivity and Applying Multi-output Node Structure in Evolutionary Design of Digital Circuits, in: L. Kang, Y. Liu, S. Zeng (Eds.), Evolvable Systems: From Biology to Hardware: 7th International Conference, ICES 2007, Wuhan, China, September 21-23, 2007 Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007: pp. 45–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Photochemistry & Photobiology, C: Photochemistry Reviews.

Blog post
K. Hamilton, This Is What It Would Look Like If A Huge Asteroid Hit The Earth, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Measuring Performance: The Advanced Technology Program and Private-Sector Funding, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
P. Thompson, An exploratory study of work-related imagined interactions with real-life coworkers, Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Wagner, Mets’ Starter Fails to Last 2 Innings, and He May Not Get to Go Any Longer, New York Times. (2016) B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Photochemistry & Photobiology, C: Photochemistry Reviews
AbbreviationJ. Photochem. Photobiol. C: Photochem. Rev.
ISSN (print)1389-5567
Organic Chemistry
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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