How to format your references using the Journal of Photochemistry & Photobiology, B: Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Photochemistry & Photobiology, B: Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
L. Kogleck, Building a powerhouse, Nature. 528 (2015) S166-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
T. Lecuit, L. Le Goff, Orchestrating size and shape during morphogenesis, Nature. 450 (2007) 189–192.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. Bylander, T. Duty, P. Delsing, Current measurement by real-time counting of single electrons, Nature. 434 (2005) 361–364.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D. Chen, M.A. Cane, A. Kaplan, S.E. Zebiak, D. Huang, Predictability of El Niño over the past 148 years, Nature. 428 (2004) 733–736.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
B. Unhelkar, Verification and Validation for Quality of UML 2.0 Models, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2005.
An edited book
S. Furnell, C. Lambrinoudakis, J. Lopez, eds., Trust, Privacy, and Security in Digital Business: 10th International Conference, TrustBus 2013, Prague, Czech Republic, August 28-29, 2013. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
H. Fujii, K. Sugihara, Properties and an Approximation Algorithm of Round-Tour Voronoi Diagrams, in: M.L. Gavrilova, C.J.K. Tan, F. Anton (Eds.), Transactions on Computational Science IX: Special Issue on Voronoi Diagrams in Science and Engineering, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010: pp. 109–122.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Photochemistry & Photobiology, B: Biology.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Mutations Found In 115 Year Old Woman’s Blood Could Help Unlock Secrets Of Aging, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Business Systems Modernization: Results of Review of IRS’ March 2001 Expenditure Plan, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Y. Wang, Yield aggregation impacts on area-based insurance and commodity program, Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Vecsey, St. John’s Takes an Opener, With No Fight From UConn, New York Times. (2010) B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Photochemistry & Photobiology, B: Biology
AbbreviationJ. Photochem. Photobiol. B
ISSN (print)1011-1344
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

Other styles