How to format your references using the Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Marti K. Planetary science. Sampling the Sun. Science. 2007;318:401–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Klejnot J, Lin C. Plant sciences. A CONSTANS experience brought to light. Science. 2004;303:965–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Yozwiak NL, Schaffner SF, Sabeti PC. Data sharing: Make outbreak research open access. Nature. 2015;518:477–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Aarts M, Liu Y, Liu L, Besshoh S, Arundine M, Gurd JW, et al. Treatment of ischemic brain damage by perturbing NMDA receptor- PSD-95 protein interactions. Science. 2002;298:846–50.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Fernandez-Maloigne C, Robert-Inacio F, Macaire L. Digital Color. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1. Inaba M, Corke P, editors. Robotics Research: The 16th International Symposium ISRR. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Dimitriou T. Efficient Mechanisms for Secure Inter-node and Aggregation Processing in Sensor Networks. In: Syrotiuk VR, Chávez E, editors. Ad-Hoc, Mobile, and Wireless Networks: 4th International Conference, ADHOC-NOW 2005, Cancun, Mexico, October 6-8, 2005 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005. p. 18–31.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery.

Blog post
1. Andrews R. Women In STEM Around The World: Where We’ve Improved, And Where We Can Do Better [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/women-in-stem-around-the-world-where-weve-improved-and-where-we-can-do-better/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: Commercially Available Advanced Explosives Detection Devices. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997 Apr. Report No.: RCED-97-119R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Mickey J. Random Linear Network Coding with Added Prefix Bits [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. David Goodman J. Tears and Anger in Queens After Mother Loses Another Son to Violence. New York Times. 2015 Sep 3;A26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery
AbbreviationJ. Otolaryngol. Head Neck Surg.
ISSN (online)1916-0216
ScopeOtorhinolaryngology
Surgery

Other styles