How to format your references using the Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Butt Y. Beyond the myth of the supernova-remnant origin of cosmic rays. Nature. 2009;460:701–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Schacter DL, Addis DR. Constructive memory: the ghosts of past and future. Nature. 2007;445:27.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Gächter S, Renner E, Sefton M. The long-run benefits of punishment. Science. 2008;322:1510.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Op den Camp R, Streng A, De Mita S, Cao Q, Polone E, Liu W, et al. LysM-type mycorrhizal receptor recruited for rhizobium symbiosis in nonlegume Parasponia. Science. 2011;331:909–12.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Owen JS, Fiedler-Kelly J. Introduction to Population Pharmacokinetic / Pharmacodynamic Analysis with Nonlinear Mixed Effects Models. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2014.
An edited book
1. Lapidus ML. Fractal Geometry, Complex Dimensions and Zeta Functions: Geometry and Spectra of Fractal Strings. 2nd ed. 2013. van Frankenhuijsen M, editor. New York, NY: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Harmon-Jones E, Peterson CK, Harmon-Jones C. Anger, Motivation, and Asymmetrical Frontal Cortical Activations. In: Potegal M, Stemmler G, Spielberger C, editors. International Handbook of Anger: Constituent and Concomitant Biological, Psychological, and Social Processes. New York, NY: Springer; 2010. p. 61–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. Strange Radio Signals Mystify Astronomers [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/strange-radio-signals-mystify-astronomers/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Attack Warning: ADP and Communication Modernization Programs for Warning and Assessment. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987 Aug. Report No.: IMTEC-87-23FS.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Fleming TC. The Academic Identity Experience of Liberal Arts Faculty in the Age of New Managerialism [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kishkovsky S. BP’s Deal With TNK Is Approved By Russia. New York Times. 2003 Aug 27;W1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery
AbbreviationJ. Otolaryngol. Head Neck Surg.
ISSN (online)1916-0216
ScopeOtorhinolaryngology
Surgery

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