How to format your references using the Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Wentworth P Jr. Tech.Sight. Antibody design by man and nature. Science. 2002;296:2247–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Gardner BM, Walter P. Unfolded proteins are Ire1-activating ligands that directly induce the unfolded protein response. Science. 2011;333:1891–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Chao BF, Wu YH, Li YS. Impact of artificial reservoir water impoundment on global sea level. Science. 2008;320:212–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Fujishiro T, Kawasaki H, Aihara M, Saeki T, Ymagishi R, Atarashi T, et al. Establishment of an experimental ferret ocular hypertension model for the analysis of central visual pathway damage. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6501.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Schmidt AB. Financial Markets and Trading. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1. Gontero P, Kirby RS, Carson CC III, editors. Problem Based Urology. London: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Xiao L, Wang F, Wang Z. Research on the Relationship between Customer Value of Social Network Service and Customer Loyalty. In: Wu Y, editor. Advanced Technology in Teaching - Proceedings of the 2009 3rd International Conference on Teaching and Computational Science (WTCS 2009): Volume 2: Education, Psychology and Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 27–32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery.

Blog post
1. Fang J. New Handheld Probe Detects Cancer Invaders in the Brain [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/brain/new-handheld-probe-detects-cancer-invaders-brain/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Public Transportation: New Starts Program Is in a Period of Transition. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006 Aug. Report No.: GAO-06-819.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Bradford A. Internationalization Policy at the Genba: Exploring the Implementation of Social Science English-Taught Undergraduate Degree Programs in Three Japanese Universities [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Powell M. An Athlete of His Time, Painted as a Top Villain. New York Times. 2017 Aug 8;B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery
AbbreviationJ. Otolaryngol. Head Neck Surg.
ISSN (online)1916-0216
ScopeOtorhinolaryngology
Surgery

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