How to format your references using the Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics / Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics / Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Klug A (2001) Structural biology. A marvellous machine for making messages. Science 292:1844–1846
A journal article with 2 authors
Lankau RA, Strauss SY (2007) Mutual feedbacks maintain both genetic and species diversity in a plant community. Science 317:1561–1563
A journal article with 3 authors
Frey S, Richter RP, Görlich D (2006) FG-rich repeats of nuclear pore proteins form a three-dimensional meshwork with hydrogel-like properties. Science 314:815–817
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Peltzer N, Darding M, Montinaro A, et al (2018) LUBAC is essential for embryogenesis by preventing cell death and enabling haematopoiesis. Nature 557:112–117

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Qiu X, Ding C, Hu D (2013) Bistatic SAR Data Processing Algorithms. John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd., Solaris South Tower, Singapore
An edited book
Perlovsky LI, Kozma R (2007) Neurodynamics of Cognition and Consciousness. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Korver B, Tillema H (2015) Feedback Provision in Mentoring Conversations. In: Tillema H, Westhuizen GJ van der, Smith K (eds) Mentoring for Learning: “Climbing the Mountain.” SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp 99–115

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics / Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie.

Blog post
Andrew D (2017) Wikileaks Vault 7 Reveals Staggering Breadth Of ‘Cia Hacking.’ In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) Customs Service Modernization: Actions Needed to Correct Serious ACE Management and Technical Weaknesses. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Miller DB (2009) Nurse educators’ leadership styles and nurse graduates’ licensure passage rates. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Tomasky M (2017) A Tax Revolt in Kansas. New York Times A21

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Orofacial Orthopedics / Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie
AbbreviationJ. Orofac. Orthop.
ISSN (print)1434-5293
ISSN (online)1615-6714
ScopeOral Surgery

Other styles