How to format your references using the Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics / Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics / Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Briggs DEG (2010) Obituary: Harry Whittington (1916-2010). Nature 466:706
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Berman DE, Dudai Y (2001) Memory extinction, learning anew, and learning the new: dissociations in the molecular machinery of learning in cortex. Science 291:2417–2419
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Korswagen HC, Herman MA, Clevers HC (2000) Distinct beta-catenins mediate adhesion and signalling functions in C. elegans. Nature 406:527–532
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Chien EYT, Liu W, Zhao Q, et al (2010) Structure of the human dopamine D3 receptor in complex with a D2/D3 selective antagonist. Science 330:1091–1095

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Bradford R (2015) Is Shakespeare Any Good? John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Constanda C, Potapenko S (2008) Integral Methods in Science and Engineering: Techniques and Applications. Birkhäuser, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Köpf B, Mantel H (2006) Eliminating Implicit Information Leaks by Transformational Typing and Unification. In: Dimitrakos T, Martinelli F, Ryan PYA, Schneider S (eds) Formal Aspects in Security and Trust: Thrid International Workshop, FAST 2005, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK, July 18-19, 2005, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 47–62

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics / Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2014) Plants Can Actually Take Care Of Their Offspring – Here’s How. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/plants-can-actually-take-care-their-offspring-here-s-how/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2016) Intellectual Property: Patent Office Should Strengthen Search Capabilities and Better Monitor Examiners’ Work. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Kim BG (2010) Mercury-containing species and carbon dioxide adsorption studies on inorganic compounds using density functional theory. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Greenhouse L (2007) Free-Speech Case Divides Bush and Religious Right. New York Times A22

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Orofacial Orthopedics / Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie
AbbreviationJ. Orofac. Orthop.
ISSN (print)1434-5293
ISSN (online)1615-6714
ScopeOral Surgery
Orthodontics

Other styles