How to format your references using the Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics / Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics / Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zeki S (2001) Essays on science and society. Artistic creativity and the brain. Science 293:51–52
A journal article with 2 authors
Oltvai ZN, Barabási A-L (2002) Systems biology. Life’s complexity pyramid. Science 298:763–764
A journal article with 3 authors
Song C, Havlin S, Makse HA (2005) Self-similarity of complex networks. Nature 433:392–395
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Vinokur VM, Baturina TI, Fistul MV, et al (2008) Superinsulator and quantum synchronization. Nature 452:613–615

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McConnell J (2011) Index of Medical Imaging. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Masson P (2016) Sociology in France after 1945. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London
A chapter in an edited book
Marin J-M, Robert CP (2014) Generalized Linear Models. In: Robert CP (ed) Bayesian Essentials with R. Springer, New York, NY, pp 103–138

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics / Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie.

Blog post
Andrew E (2016) Five Human Spaceflight Missions To Look Forward To In The Next Decade. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) National Airspace System: Questions Concerning FAA’s Wide Area Augmentation System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Golf F (2012) Search for New Physics in a Final State with Same-Sign Dileptons, Jets, and Missing Transverse Energy at 7 TeV Center of Mass Energy. Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2010) Education of a Point Guard Comes Full Circle. New York Times B18

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Orofacial Orthopedics / Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie
AbbreviationJ. Orofac. Orthop.
ISSN (print)1434-5293
ISSN (online)1615-6714
ScopeOral Surgery

Other styles