How to format your references using the Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics / Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics / Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gleick PH (2002) Soft water paths. Nature 418:373
A journal article with 2 authors
Wolfe MS, Kopan R (2004) Intramembrane proteolysis: theme and variations. Science 305:1119–1123
A journal article with 3 authors
Mosey NJ, Müser MH, Woo TK (2005) Molecular mechanisms for the functionality of lubricant additives. Science 307:1612–1615
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Gazin C, Wajapeyee N, Gobeil S, et al (2007) An elaborate pathway required for Ras-mediated epigenetic silencing. Nature 449:1073–1077

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Engle CR, Quagrainie KK, Dey MM (2016) Seafood and Aquaculture Marketing Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Bock R (2007) Cell and Molecular Biology of Plastids. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Cicchetti A, Di Ruscio D, Pierantonio A (2009) Managing Dependent Changes in Coupled Evolution. In: Paige RF (ed) Theory and Practice of Model Transformations: Second International Conference, ICMT 2009, Zurich, Switzerland, June 29-30, 2009. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 35–51

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics / Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) New Ebola Test can Rapidly Diagnose the Disease in Minutes. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988) DOT Airline Industry Oversight. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cole KW (2010) Principal investigator and department administrator perceptions of services provided by Offices of Research Administration at research universities. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper M (2013) Bolshoi’s Plans for New York Remain Unclear. New York Times C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Orofacial Orthopedics / Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie
AbbreviationJ. Orofac. Orthop.
ISSN (print)1434-5293
ISSN (online)1615-6714
ScopeOral Surgery

Other styles