How to format your references using the Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics / Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics / Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Branco T (2011) Eppendorf winner. The language of dendrites. Science 334:615–616
A journal article with 2 authors
Yan W-B, Fan H (2014) Single-photon quantum router with multiple output ports. Sci Rep 4:4820
A journal article with 3 authors
Chouard T, Weiss U, Dhand R (2002) Good “omics” for the poor? Nature 419:489
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Zhang S, Xie C, Wang Q, Liu Z (2014) Interactions of CaMKII with dopamine D2 receptors: roles in levodopa-induced dyskinesia in 6-hydroxydopamine lesioned Parkinson’s rats. Sci Rep 4:6811

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Parke RD (2013) Future Families. John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Kaminishi M, Takubo K, Mafune K-I (2005) The Diversity of Gastric Carcinoma: Pathogenesis, Diagnosis, and Therapy. Springer, Tokyo
A chapter in an edited book
Halkin H (2011) Optimal Control as Programming in Infinite Dimensional Spaces. In: Conti R (ed) Calculus of Variations, Classical and Modern. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 177–192

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics / Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie.

Blog post
Luntz S (2014) Teenager Creates New HIV Test. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1983) The Evaluation Synthesis. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Murray BA (2015) Sociocultural factors in women’s health in Swaziland. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B (2017) Bob Dylan Delivers His Nobel Lecture. New York Times C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Orofacial Orthopedics / Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie
AbbreviationJ. Orofac. Orthop.
ISSN (print)1434-5293
ISSN (online)1615-6714
ScopeOral Surgery

Other styles