How to format your references using the Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ball, P. (2012). Martin Fleischmann (1927-2012). Nature, 489(7414), 34.
A journal article with 2 authors
Abouheif, E., & Wray, G. A. (2002). Evolution of the gene network underlying wing polyphenism in ants. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5579), 249–252.
A journal article with 3 authors
Maffione, M., Morris, A., & Anderson, M. W. (2013). Recognizing detachment-mode seafloor spreading in the deep geological past. Scientific Reports, 3, 2336.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Sussman, B. J., Townsend, D., Ivanov, M. Y., & Stolow, A. (2006). Dynamic stark control of photochemical processes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5797), 278–281.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Casper, D. (2011). Hollywood Film 1963-1976. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Sakata, T. (Ed.). (2016). Applied Matrix and Tensor Variate Data Analysis (1st ed. 2016). Tokyo: Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
MatutinoviĆ, I. (2010). Energy Security and the Social Use of Energy. In F. Barbir & S. Ulgiati (Eds.), Energy Options Impact on Regional Security (pp. 93–107). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, July 22). Scientists Reveal What The Perfect Penis Looks Like. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from IFLScience website:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Traffic Management: Federal Policies to Encourage Low-Cost Approaches Need to Be Strengthened (No. PEMD-91-26BR). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Andrews, M. (2014). Health literacy competencies for health professionals: A Delphi study (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2007, October 19). Trying to Decipher the Justices on the Current State of the Death Penalty. New York Times, p. A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ball, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Abouheif & Wray, 2002; Ball, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Abouheif & Wray, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Maffione, Morris, & Anderson, 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Sussman, Townsend, Ivanov, & Stolow, 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing
AbbreviationJ. Obstet. Gynecol. Neonatal Nurs.
ISSN (print)0884-2175
ScopeCritical Care
Maternity and Midwifery

Other styles