How to format your references using the Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Czeisler, C. A. (2013). Perspective: casting light on sleep deficiency. Nature, 497(7450), S13.
A journal article with 2 authors
Walter, P., & Ron, D. (2011). The unfolded protein response: from stress pathway to homeostatic regulation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6059), 1081–1086.
A journal article with 3 authors
Paradise, J., Andrews, L., & Holbrook, T. (2005). Intellectual property. Patents on human genes: an analysis of scope and claims. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5715), 1566–1567.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Feng, Y., Lin, X., Yu, Y., Zhang, H., Chu, H., & Zhu, J. (2013). Elevated ground-level O3 negatively influences paddy methanogenic archaeal community. Scientific Reports, 3, 3193.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ho, R. J. Y., & Gibaldi, M. (2003). Biotechnology and Biopharmaceuticals. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
El Oualkadi, A., Choubani, F., & El Moussati, A. (Eds.). (2016). Proceedings of the Mediterranean Conference on Information & Communication Technologies 2015: MedCT 2015 Volume 2 (Vol. 381). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Yoccoz, J.-C. (2011). Small Divisors: Number Theory in Dynamical Systems. In D. Schleicher & M. Lackmann (Eds.), An Invitation to Mathematics: From Competitions to Research (pp. 43–54). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2017, March 22). Boxes For Owls Help Overcome Middle East Divisions. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2013). Strategic Sourcing: Improved and Expanded Use Could Provide Procurement Savings for Federal Information Technology (GAO-13-408T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Murray, T. M. (2008). A grounded theory of U.S. Army installation realignment and closure leadership characteristics [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2011, July 31). Where Many Things Besides the Islanders Need Fixing. New York Times, SP9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Czeisler, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Czeisler, 2013; Walter & Ron, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Walter & Ron, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Paradise et al., 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Feng et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing
AbbreviationJ. Obstet. Gynecol. Neonatal Nurs.
ISSN (print)0884-2175
ScopeCritical Care
Maternity and Midwifery

Other styles