How to format your references using the Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Drell, S. D. (2007). Obituary: Wolfgang K. H. Panofsky (1919-2007). Nature, 450(7167), 182.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wilberg, M. J., & Miller, T. J. (2007). Comment on “Impacts of biodiversity loss on ocean ecosystem services.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5829), 1285; author reply 1285.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kang, M.-K., Kim, S. J., & Kim, H. J. (2014). Fabrication of high performance thin-film transistors via pressure-induced nucleation. Scientific Reports, 4, 6858.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Thewissen, J. G., Williams, E. M., Roe, L. J., & Hussain, S. T. (2001). Skeletons of terrestrial cetaceans and the relationship of whales to artiodactyls. Nature, 413(6853), 277–281.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Valière, J.-C. (2014). Acoustic Particle Velocity Measurements Using Lasers. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Oestern, H.-J., Trentz, O., & Uranues, S. (Eds.). (2014). General Trauma Care and Related Aspects: Trauma Surgery II. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Sloan, K. (2016). The Lives of Mrs Delany’s Paper Plants. In A. Craciun & S. Schaffer (Eds.), The Material Cultures of Enlightenment Arts and Sciences (pp. 39–41). London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, June 28). This New Shade Of Blue Was Accidentally Discovered By Chemists. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1983). Status of FCC Efforts To Allocate Costs Between Telephone Companies’ Regulated and Unregulated Activities (No. RCED-83-235). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bryant, D. (2012). A good story changes everything (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Berendt, J., & Kanter, J. (2017, March 8). In Personal Feud, Poland Opposes Ex-Premier’s 2nd Term on E.U. Council. New York Times, p. A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Drell, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Drell, 2007; Wilberg & Miller, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wilberg & Miller, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Kang, Kim, & Kim, 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Thewissen, Williams, Roe, & Hussain, 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing
AbbreviationJ. Obstet. Gynecol. Neonatal Nurs.
ISSN (print)0884-2175
ScopeCritical Care
Maternity and Midwifery

Other styles