How to format your references using the Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Betsholtz, C. (2014). Physiology: Double function at the blood-brain barrier. Nature, 509(7501), 432–433.
A journal article with 2 authors
Low, H. H., & Löwe, J. (2006). A bacterial dynamin-like protein. Nature, 444(7120), 766–769.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shaviv, N. J., Prokoph, A., & Veizer, J. (2014). Is the solar system’s galactic motion imprinted in the Phanerozoic climate? Scientific Reports, 4, 6150.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Mondello, S., Buki, A., Barzo, P., Randall, J., Provuncher, G., Hanlon, D., Wilson, D., Kobeissy, F., & Jeromin, A. (2014). CSF and plasma amyloid-β temporal profiles and relationships with neurological status and mortality after severe traumatic brain injury. Scientific Reports, 4, 6446.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sheldrake, P. (2014). The Spiritual City. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Bell, D. J., Foster, S. L., & Mash, E. J. (Eds.). (2005). Handbook of Behavioral and Emotional Problems in Girls. Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Lange, D. S., Verbancsics, P., Gutzwiller, R. S., Reeder, J., & Sarles, C. (2012). Command and Control of Teams of Autonomous Systems. In R. Calinescu & D. Garlan (Eds.), Large-Scale Complex IT Systems. Development, Operation and Management: 17th Monterey Workshop 2012, Oxford, UK, March 19-21, 2012, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 81–93). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, November 13). Meet Five Of The UK’s Most Poisonous Plants. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2012). Motor Carrier Safety: New Applicant Reviews Should Expand to Identify Freight Carriers Evading Detection (GAO-12-364). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ray, S. E. (2012). Impact of Training Intervention on Emotional Intelligence in Health Care Administrators and Physician Leaders [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2013, January 6). Drug-Testing Company Tied to N.C.A.A. Stirs Criticism. New York Times, SP1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Betsholtz, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Betsholtz, 2014; Low & Löwe, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Low & Löwe, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Shaviv et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Mondello et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing
AbbreviationJ. Obstet. Gynecol. Neonatal Nurs.
ISSN (print)0884-2175
ScopeCritical Care
Maternity and Midwifery

Other styles