How to format your references using the Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Konner, M. (2004). The ties that bind. Nature, 429(6993), 705.
A journal article with 2 authors
Monk, J., & Palsson, B. O. (2014). Genetics. Predicting microbial growth. Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6191), 1448–1449.
A journal article with 3 authors
Blundy, J., Cashman, K., & Humphreys, M. (2006). Magma heating by decompression-driven crystallization beneath andesite volcanoes. Nature, 443(7107), 76–80.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Harada, Y., Ohara, O., Takatsuki, A., Itoh, H., Shimamoto, N., & Kinosita, K., Jr. (2001). Direct observation of DNA rotation during transcription by Escherichia coli RNA polymerase. Nature, 409(6816), 113–115.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bagrintseva, K. I. (2015). Carbonate Reservoir Rocks. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ladewig, B. (2012). Desalination Concentrate Management. (B. Asquith, Ed.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bhasker, J., & Chadha, R. (2009). Delay Calculation. In J. Bhasker (Ed.), Static Timing Analysis for Nanometer Designs: A Practical Approach (pp. 123–146). Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, May 25). It May Look Pretty, But The Zika Virus Is Far From Pleasant. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2003). Airline Ticketing: Impact of Changes in the Airline Ticket Distribution Industry (No. GAO-03-749). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lai, J.-P. (2008). Phosphatase and Tensin Homolog Deleted on Chromosome Ten (PTEN) As A Molecular Target in Lung Epithelial Wound Repair and Protection (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G. G. (2012, May 4). Kick Up Those Heels. New York Times, p. C37.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Konner, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Konner, 2004, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Monk & Palsson, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Blundy, Cashman, & Humphreys, 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Harada et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing
AbbreviationJ. Obstet. Gynecol. Neonatal Nurs.
ISSN (print)0884-2175
ScopeCritical Care
Maternity and Midwifery

Other styles