How to format your references using the Journal of Nutrition & Intermediary Metabolism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Nutrition & Intermediary Metabolism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C. Macilwain, Emissions targets “unrealistic” says US climate change body, Nature. 406 (2000) 333–334.
A journal article with 2 authors
N.I. Morehouse, R.L. Rutowski, Comment on “Floral iridescence, produced by diffractive optics, acts as a cue for animal pollinators,” Science. 325 (2009) 1072; author reply 1072.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Lane, R.L. Robker, S.A. Robertson, Parenting from before conception, Science. 345 (2014) 756–760.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J.P. Deslys, E. Comoy, S. Hawkins, S. Simon, H. Schimmel, G. Wells, J. Grassi, J. Moynagh, Screening slaughtered cattle for BSE, Nature. 409 (2001) 476–478.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Masujima, Applied Mathematical Methods in Theoretical Physics, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG, 2005.
An edited book
F.L. Consoli, J.R.P. Parra, R.A. Zucchi, eds., Egg Parasitoids in Agroecosystems with Emphasis on Trichogramma, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
K. Carlson, Clefting, Parallelism, and Focus in Ellipsis Sentences, in: L. Frazier, E. Gibson (Eds.), Explicit and Implicit Prosody in Sentence Processing: Studies in Honor of Janet Dean Fodor, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015: pp. 63–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Nutrition & Intermediary Metabolism.

Blog post
E. Andrew, NASA budget sees slight increase for Fiscal Year 2014, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Potential for Widespread Disruption Calls for Strong Leadership and Partnerships, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D.B. Bolman, Examining the Relationship Between Technology Leadership Behaviors and Project Success, Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Vecsey, Reason to Believe But Also To Be Cautious, New York Times. (2009) D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Nutrition & Intermediary Metabolism
AbbreviationJ. Nutr. Intermed. Metab.
ISSN (print)2352-3859

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