How to format your references using the Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith DR: Metamaterials. A cloaking coating for murky media. Science 345:384–385, 2014
A journal article with 2 authors
Noudoost B, Moore T: Control of visual cortical signals by prefrontal dopamine. Nature 474:372–375, 2011
A journal article with 3 authors
Wagner PJ, Kosnik MA, Lidgard S: Abundance distributions imply elevated complexity of post-Paleozoic marine ecosystems. Science 314:1289–1292, 2006
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Valverde F, Mouradov A, Soppe W, Ravenscroft D, Samach A, Coupland G: Photoreceptor regulation of CONSTANS protein in photoperiodic flowering. Science 303:1003–1006, 2004

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Biegelman MT, Biegelman DR: Foreign Corrupt Practices Act Compliance Guidebook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2010
An edited book
Martínez-Herrero R: Characterization of Partially Polarized Light Fields. Mejías PM , Piquero G (eds), Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009
A chapter in an edited book
Kern TA, Hatzfeld C: Identification of Requirements, in Hatzfeld C , Kern TA (eds): Engineering Haptic Devices: A Beginner’s Guide, Springer Series on Touch and Haptic Systems. London: Springer, 2014, pp 145–167

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics.

Blog post
Hale T: This Video Shows The Moment A Missing Indonesian Man Was Found Inside A Python. IFLScience:2017


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Significant Risks Remain to Department of Education’s Student Financial Aid Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1998

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Holloway LR: Synthesis and investigation of novel dinitrosyl-Iron complexes of chelated Bis-phosphine ligands: Potential nitric oxide delivery compounds. 2013

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly DA: 36 Hours | Saratoga, N.Y. New York Times:F6, 2002

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 2.
This sentence cites two references 3,4.
This sentence cites four references 3,4,7,8.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics
AbbreviationJ. Neurosurg. Pediatr.
ISSN (print)1933-0707
ISSN (online)1933-0715
ScopeGeneral Medicine

Other styles