How to format your references using the Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ramchandani P: A question of balance. Nature 430:401–402, 2004
A journal article with 2 authors
Dey S, Joshi A: Stability via asynchrony in Drosophila metapopulations with low migration rates. Science 312:434–436, 2006
A journal article with 3 authors
Coulson T, Lindström J, Cotgreave P: Ecology. Seeking new recruits. Science 295:2023–2024, 2002
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Li J, Li X, Zhai H-J, Wang L-S: Au20: a tetrahedral cluster. Science 299:864–867, 2003

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lundberg U, Cooper CL: The Science of Occupational Health. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell, 2010
An edited book
Peleg D (ed): Distributed Computing: 25th International Symposium, DISC 2011, Rome, Italy, September 20-22, 2011. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2011
A chapter in an edited book
Shimomura Y, Watanabe K, Akasaka F, Kimita K: Fan Out of Japanese Service Engineering - the State of the Art -, in Hesselbach J , Herrmann C (eds): Functional Thinking for Value Creation: Proceedings of the 3rd CIRP International Conference on Industrial Product Service Systems, Technische Universität Braunschweig, Braunschweig, Germany, May 5th - 6th, 2011. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2011, pp 15–20

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics.

Blog post
Carpineti A: New Theory Of Gravity Tries To Explain Dark Matter. IFLScience:2016 Available: Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Identification of NASA Research and Development Programs Subject to Benefit-Cost Analysis. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1972

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Seyed Jalali Aghdam SM: Silica aerogel, an alternative to micromachined air gap for thermal insulation of microheaters. 2015

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chira S: What Women Lost. New York Times:SR1, 2016

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 2.
This sentence cites two references 3,4.
This sentence cites four references 4,5,7,8.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics
AbbreviationJ. Neurosurg. Pediatr.
ISSN (print)1933-0707
ISSN (online)1933-0715
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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