How to format your references using the Journal of Neuropathology & Experimental Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Neuropathology & Experimental Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McCarty JG. Durable catalysts for cleaner air. Nature. 2000 Jan 6;403(6765):35–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cheung KC, Gershenfeld N. Reversibly assembled cellular composite materials. Science. 2013 Sep 13;341(6151):1219–21.
A journal article with 3 authors
Royle NJ, Russell AF, Wilson AJ. The evolution of flexible parenting. Science. 2014 Aug 15;345(6198):776–81.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Villegas JE, Savel’ev S, Nori F, Gonzalez EM, Anguita JV, García R, et al. A superconducting reversible rectifier that controls the motion of magnetic flux quanta. Science. 2003 Nov 14;302(5648):1188–91.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rémond Y, Ahzi S, Baniassadi M, Garmestani H. Applied RVE Reconstruction and Homogenization of Heterogeneous Materials. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
Greiner A. Public Debt and Economic Growth. Fincke B, editor. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. VIII, 144 p. 60 illus. (Dynamic Modeling and Econometrics in Economics and Finance; vol. 11).
A chapter in an edited book
Pio-Abreu JL, Oliveira CV. On measuring tele. In: Stadler C, Wieser M, Kirk K, editors. Psychodrama Empirical Research and Science 2. Wiesbaden: Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden; 2016. p. 41–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Neuropathology & Experimental Neurology.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Ultrafast Camera Caught Light Doing A “Sonic Boom.” IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Better Management Needed in Civil Agencies Over Selection of In-House or Contract Performance of Support Activities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1973 Jul. Report No.: B-158685.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Foster RL. The Perceptions of Language Minority Parents Regarding Informed Consent in the Special Education Process [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg B. Nadal Seeks to Recapture Wimbledon Success. New York Times. 2017 Jun 29;B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Neuropathology & Experimental Neurology
AbbreviationJ. Neuropathol. Exp. Neurol.
ISSN (print)0022-3069
ISSN (online)1554-6578
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Clinical Neurology
Pathology and Forensic Medicine
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Other styles