How to format your references using the Journal of Neuropathology & Experimental Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Neuropathology & Experimental Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schlütter J. Therapeutics: new drugs hit the target. Nature. 2011 Jun 8;474(7350):S5-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fernandes VM, Desplan C. Neurobiology: Inversion in the worm. Nature. 2015 Jul 2;523(7558):44–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nabel GJ, Wolinsky SM, Haynes BF. Retrospective. Norman L. Letvin (1949-2012). Science. 2012 Jun 29;336(6089):1653.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Oliveira RF, Lopes M, Carneiro LA, Canário AV. Watching fights raises fish hormone levels. Nature. 2001 Jan 25;409(6819):475.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barbosa P, Berry DL, Kary CS. Insect Histology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Hofmeyr B, editor. Radical Passivity: Rethinking Ethical Agency in Levinas. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2009. X, 152 p. (Library of Ethics and Applied Philosophy; vol. 20).
A chapter in an edited book
Andersen PT. Sociological Perspectives on Neighbourhood Context and Health. In: Stock C, Ellaway A, editors. Neighbourhood Structure and Health Promotion. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2013. p. 61–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Neuropathology & Experimental Neurology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. Buzz Aldrin Medically Evacuated From South Pole After Becoming Ill During trip. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Bureau of Indian Affairs Plans To Consolidate Off-Reservation Indian Boarding Schools. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1983 Sep. Report No.: RCED-83-204.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Acosta J. Building bridges: A specialized training program for professionals in school settings to address bullying in LGBTQ youth: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Justices Refuse to Hear Case Of Condemned Virginia Man. New York Times. 2005 Oct 4;A25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Neuropathology & Experimental Neurology
AbbreviationJ. Neuropathol. Exp. Neurol.
ISSN (print)0022-3069
ISSN (online)1554-6578
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Clinical Neurology
Pathology and Forensic Medicine
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Other styles