How to format your references using the Journal of Neuropathology & Experimental Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Neuropathology & Experimental Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Thomas GH. Evolution: An avian explosion. Nature. 2015 Oct 22;526(7574):516–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cassidy LD, Narita M. CELL BIOLOGY. GATA get a hold on senescence. Science. 2015 Sep 25;349(6255):1448–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Okuwaki R, Yagi Y, Hirano S. Relationship between high-frequency radiation and asperity ruptures, revealed by hybrid back-projection with a non-planar fault model. Sci Rep. 2014 Nov 19;4:7120.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hilleren P, McCarthy T, Rosbash M, Parker R, Jensen TH. Quality control of mRNA 3’-end processing is linked to the nuclear exosome. Nature. 2001 Oct 4;413(6855):538–42.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Caferra R. Logic for Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2011.
An edited book
Pan Z, Cheok AD, Müller W, Zhang X, Wong K, editors. Transactions on Edutainment IV. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. X, 277 p. 142 illus. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 6250).
A chapter in an edited book
Benferhat S, Dubois D, Prade H. Interventions in Possibilistic Logic. In: Godo L, Pugliese A, editors. Scalable Uncertainty Management: Third International Conference, SUM 2009, Washington, DC, USA, September 28-30, 2009 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 40–54. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Neuropathology & Experimental Neurology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Marmot Adorably Ruins Time Lapse of Glacier National Park [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. ADP, IRM & Telecommunications. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1984 Apr. Report No.: IMTEC-84-9.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vernold EL. Special education teacher resiliency: What keeps teachers in the field? [Doctoral dissertation]. [Chapel Hill, NC]: University of North Carolina; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Qiu L. 7 Falsehoods At 3 Events In One Day. New York Times. 2017 Jul 26;A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Neuropathology & Experimental Neurology
AbbreviationJ. Neuropathol. Exp. Neurol.
ISSN (print)0022-3069
ISSN (online)1554-6578
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Clinical Neurology
Pathology and Forensic Medicine
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Other styles