How to format your references using the Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. Benton, “Eppendorf winner. Evolution and revolution in odor detection,” Science, vol. 326, no. 5951, pp. 382–383, Oct. 2009.
A journal article with 2 authors
G. Chen and C. Yanofsky, “Tandem transcription and translation regulatory sensing of uncharged tryptophan tRNA,” Science, vol. 301, no. 5630, pp. 211–213, Jul. 2003.
A journal article with 3 authors
X. Pan, M. Shao, and S. R. Kulkarni, “A distance of 133-137 parsecs to the Pleiades star cluster,” Nature, vol. 427, no. 6972, pp. 326–328, Jan. 2004.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
G. Terszowski et al., “Evidence for a functional second thymus in mice,” Science, vol. 312, no. 5771, pp. 284–287, Apr. 2006.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. V. Candy, Model-Based Signal Processing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2005.
An edited book
G. Nolte, Ed., Peace through International Law: The Role of the International Law Commission. A Colloquium at the Occasion of its Sixtieth Anniversary, vol. 211. in Beiträge zum ausländischen öffentlichen Recht und Völkerrecht, Veröffentlichungen des Max-Planck-Instituts für ausländisches öffentliches Recht und Völkerrecht, vol. 211. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
R. Hu and M. Zhu, “Sn-Based Alloy Anode Materials for Lithium-Ion Batteries: Preparation, Multi-scale Structure, and Performance,” in Nanomaterials in Advanced Batteries and Supercapacitors, K. I. Ozoemena and S. Chen, Eds., in Nanostructure Science and Technology. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016, pp. 93–125.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems.

Blog post
D. Andrew, “Geomythology: Can Geologists Relate Ancient Stories Of Great Floods To Real Events?,” IFLScience, Aug. 09, 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Airport and Airway Trust Fund: Factors Affecting Revenue Forecast Accuracy and Realizing Future FAA Expenditures,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-12-222, Jan. 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
T. J. Farrugia, “Abundance, habitat use and movement patterns of the shovelnose guitarfish (Rhinobatus productus) in a restored Southern California estuary,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Leibovich, “The Redemption of the Slugger,” New York Times, p. MM18, Oct. 04, 2013.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Microelectromechanical Systems
AbbreviationJ. Microelectromech. Syst.
ISSN (print)1057-7157
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Mechanical Engineering

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