How to format your references using the Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. F. Bernath, “Laser chemistry. Water vapor gets excited,” Science, vol. 297, no. 5583, pp. 943–945, Aug. 2002.
A journal article with 2 authors
G. F. Medley and D. J. Nokes, “Epidemiology. Does viral diversity matter?,” Science, vol. 325, no. 5938, pp. 274–275, Jul. 2009.
A journal article with 3 authors
T. A. Hartl, H. F. Smith, and G. Bosco, “Chromosome alignment and transvection are antagonized by condensin II,” Science, vol. 322, no. 5906, pp. 1384–1387, Nov. 2008.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A. Trumpp et al., “c-Myc regulates mammalian body size by controlling cell number but not cell size,” Nature, vol. 414, no. 6865, pp. 768–773, Dec. 2001.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
W. R. Rosenberger, Risk-Adjusted Lending Conditions. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2005.
An edited book
P. Bühler, O. Hartmann, J. Marton, K. Suzuki, E. Widmann, and J. Zmeskal, Eds., EXA 2011: Proceedings of the International Conference on Exotic Atoms and Related Topics (EXA 2011) held in Vienna, Austria, September 5-9, 2011. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Lodi-Smith and D. C. Park, “Synapse: A Clinical Trial Examining the Impact of Actively Engaging the Aging Mind,” in Enhancing Cognitive Fitness in Adults: A Guide to the Use and Development of Community-Based Programs, P. E. Hartman-Stein and A. LaRue, Eds. New York, NY: Springer, 2011, pp. 67–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems.

Blog post
J. Fang, “Scientists Have Discovered Why Carrots Are Orange,” IFLScience, May 12, 2016. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “University Research: Policies for the Reimbursement of Indirect Costs Need to Be Updated,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-10-937, Sep. 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
G. S. Reddy, “Modulo Multipliers with Adaptive Delay for a High Dynamic Range Residue Number System Using Booth Encoding,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Sisario and A. Alter, “Ever Reticent, Nobel Laureate Dylan Maintains Silence,” New York Times, p. A16, Oct. 17, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Microelectromechanical Systems
AbbreviationJ. Microelectromech. Syst.
ISSN (print)1057-7157
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Mechanical Engineering

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