How to format your references using the Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
H. Ko, “Neuroscience. Functional organization of synaptic connections in the neocortex,” Science, vol. 346, no. 6209, p. 555, Oct. 2014.
A journal article with 2 authors
C.-Y. King and R. Diaz-Avalos, “Protein-only transmission of three yeast prion strains,” Nature, vol. 428, no. 6980, pp. 319–323, Mar. 2004.
A journal article with 3 authors
K. V. Shanavas, D. Parker, and D. J. Singh, “Theoretical study on the role of dynamics on the unusual magnetic properties in MnBi,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 7222, Nov. 2014.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
K. A. Brileya, J. M. Connolly, C. Downey, R. Gerlach, and M. W. Fields, “Taxis toward hydrogen gas by Methanococcus maripaludis,” Sci. Rep., vol. 3, p. 3140, Nov. 2013.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
K. H. Jarman, Beyond Basic Statistics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2015.
An edited book
G. A. Kyrala, Ed., High Energy Density Laboratory Astrophysics. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Gervais and E. Ubalijoro, “Productive Remembering for Social Action and Change,” in Productive Remembering and Social Agency, T. Strong-Wilson, C. Mitchell, A. Susann, and K. Pithouse-Morgan, Eds. Rotterdam: SensePublishers, 2013, pp. 61–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Australian PM Bans Solar And Wind Power Investment,” IFLScience, 17-Jul-2015. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Aviation Security: Management Challenges Remain for the Transportation Security Administration’s Secure Flight Program,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-06-864T, Jun. 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D. G. Peterson, “An application of geotechnical techniques to quantitative regional slope stability analysis San Clemente, California,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Kishkovsky, “Russian Priest Killed in Church,” New York Times, p. A8, 20-Nov-2009.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Microelectromechanical Systems
AbbreviationJ. Microelectromech. Syst.
ISSN (print)1057-7157
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Mechanical Engineering

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