How to format your references using the Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C. Macilwain, “World view: Talking the talk,” Nature, vol. 465, no. 7300, p. 867, Jun. 2010.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. G. Cox and W. Goessling, “Regenerative biology: Take the brakes off for liver repair,” Nature, vol. 506, no. 7488, pp. 299–300, Feb. 2014.
A journal article with 3 authors
X. Yuan, S. Xiao, and T. N. Taylor, “Lichen-like symbiosis 600 million years ago,” Science, vol. 308, no. 5724, pp. 1017–1020, May 2005.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. G. J. Ford et al., “Curvature of clathrin-coated pits driven by epsin,” Nature, vol. 419, no. 6905, pp. 361–366, Sep. 2002.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. Sanchez and B. Carro, Digital Services in the 21st Century. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2017.
An edited book
M. Anpo and P. V. Kamat, Eds., Environmentally Benign Photocatalysts: Applications of Titanium Oxide-based Materials, 1st ed. New York, NY: Springer, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
N. Hardt and J. Kuttenberger, “Epidemiological Aspects of Craniofacial/Skull Base Fractures,” in Craniofacial Trauma: Diagnosis and Management, N. Hardt and J. Kuttenberger, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2010, pp. 63–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Scientists Find Direct Evidence That Atmospheric CO2 Heats Earth’s Crust,” IFLScience, 01-Mar-2015. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Changing Patterns of Federal Aid to State and Local Governments, 1969-75,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, PAD-78-15, Dec. 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
V. R. Schick, “Examining the vulva: The relationship between female genital aesthetic perceptions and gynecological care,” Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Wagner, “Mets Lose Out on a Sweep as Familia and Flores Don’t Have It,” New York Times, p. B11, 10-May-2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Microelectromechanical Systems
AbbreviationJ. Microelectromech. Syst.
ISSN (print)1057-7157
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Mechanical Engineering

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