How to format your references using the Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
E. Lieberman Aiden, “GE Prize essay. Zoom!,” Science, vol. 334, no. 6060, pp. 1222–1223, Dec. 2011.
A journal article with 2 authors
V. K. Pedersen and D. L. Egholm, “Glaciations in response to climate variations preconditioned by evolving topography,” Nature, vol. 493, no. 7431, pp. 206–210, Jan. 2013.
A journal article with 3 authors
A. Ben-Shem, F. Frolow, and N. Nelson, “Crystal structure of plant photosystem I,” Nature, vol. 426, no. 6967, pp. 630–635, Dec. 2003.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
R. Hassey, E. J. Swain, N. I. Hammer, D. Venkataraman, and M. D. Barnes, “Probing the chiroptical response of a single molecule,” Science, vol. 314, no. 5804, pp. 1437–1439, Dec. 2006.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
H. Hens, Building Physics - Heat, Air and Moisture. Berlin, Germany: Ernst & Sohn Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG, 2012.
An edited book
L. Claes and J. J. Muehlenkamp, Eds., Non-Suicidal Self-Injury in Eating Disorders: Advancements in Etiology and Treatment. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
O. Comas, Z. A. Taylor, J. Allard, S. Ourselin, S. Cotin, and J. Passenger, “Efficient Nonlinear FEM for Soft Tissue Modelling and Its GPU Implementation within the Open Source Framework SOFA,” in Biomedical Simulation: 4th International Symposium, ISBMS 2008, London, UK, July 7-8, 2008 Proceedings, F. Bello and P. J. E. Edwards, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2008, pp. 28–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems.

Blog post
S. Luntz, “Star Too Young For Planets Turns Out To Have One,” IFLScience, Jun. 02, 2016. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Student Achievement Standards and Testing,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, T-PEMD-93-1, Feb. 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K. Meijer, “Let the Gods Dance: Transformation Through Haitian Dance,” Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
W. Neuman, “Defying U.S., Colombia Ends a Drug Tactic,” New York Times, p. A1, May 15, 2015.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Microelectromechanical Systems
AbbreviationJ. Microelectromech. Syst.
ISSN (print)1057-7157
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Mechanical Engineering

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