How to format your references using the Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education (JMBE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Smaglik P. 2005. Come together. Nature 434:252–253.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Gogotsi Y, Simon P. 2011. Materials science. True performance metrics in electrochemical energy storage. Science 334:917–918.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Scarborough CL, Ferrari J, Godfray HCJ. 2005. Aphid protected from pathogen by endosymbiont. Science 310:1781.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Shuster DL, Ehlers TA, Rusmoren ME, Farley KA. 2005. Rapid glacial erosion at 1.8 Ma revealed by 4He/3He thermochronometry. Science 310:1668–1670.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Li P, Marrongelle K. 2012. Having Success with NSF. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
1.
2006. Emerging Directions in Embedded and Ubiquitous Computing: EUC 2006 Workshops: NCUS, SecUbiq, USN, TRUST, ESO, and MSA, Seoul, Korea, August 1-4, 2006. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Yamagishi T. 2011. Trust and Social Intelligence, p. 17–18. In Wakeman, I, Gudes, E, Jensen, CD, Crampton, J (eds.), Trust Management V: 5th IFIP WG 11.11 International Conference, IFIPTM 2011, Copenhagen, Denmark, June 29 – July 1, 2011. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education.

Blog post
1.
Andrew D. 2015. Watch This Octopus Create Quicksand. IFLScience. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. 1979. Science and Engineering Manpower Forecasting: Its Use in Policymaking. PSAD-79-75. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Klein KA. 2009. Vocabulary acquisition via cross-situational learning. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Brantley B. 2017. Sing a Song of Face Creams. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 1).
This sentence cites four references (1, 1, 1, 1).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Microbiology & Biology Education
AbbreviationJ. Microbiol. Biol. Educ.
ISSN (print)1935-7877
ISSN (online)1935-7885
Scope

Other styles