How to format your references using the Journal of Men's Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Men's Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Piston DW. Research tools: Understand how it works. Nature 2012;484:440–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Phrampus BJ, Hornbach MJ. Recent changes to the Gulf Stream causing widespread gas hydrate destabilization. Nature 2012;490:527–30.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li Y-L, Kinloch IA, Windle AH. Direct spinning of carbon nanotube fibers from chemical vapor deposition synthesis. Science 2004;304:276–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Liu C, Hao F, Zhao X, Zhao Q, Luo S, Lin H. Low temperature reduction of free-standing graphene oxide papers with metal iodides for ultrahigh bulk conductivity. Sci Rep 2014;4:3965.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Olsson A. Understanding Changing Telecommunications. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
Merino C, editor. Lectures on Particle Physics, Astrophysics and Cosmology: Proceedings of the Third IDPASC School, Santiago de Compostela, Spain, January 21 -- February 2, 2013. vol. 161. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Kuks JBM. Clinical Presentation and Epidemiology of Myasthenia Gravis. In: Kaminski HJ, editor. Myasthenia Gravis and Related Disorders, Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2009, p. 79–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Men's Health.

Blog post
Andrew E. How To Raise Tasty Cannibal Crabs. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. National Aeronautics and Space Administration: Acquisition Approach for Commercial Crew Transportation Includes Good Practices, but Faces Significant Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Miller RJ. An Investigation Examining the Perceived Implications of Principal Leadership Changing A Large Comprehensive High School into Smaller Learning Communities. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J. Now It’s the Astros in Charge. New York Times 2017:D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Men's Health
AbbreviationJ. Mens health
ISSN (print)1875-6867
ScopeGeneral Medicine

Other styles