How to format your references using the Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine (J Mater Sci: Mater Med). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Kauranen M. Physics. Freeing nonlinear optics from phase matching. Science. 2013;342:1182–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Rascón C, Parry AO. Geometry-dominated fluid adsorption on sculpted solid substrates. Nature. 2000;407:986–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Lawrence T, Hageman T, Balkwill F. Cancer. Sex, cytokines, and cancer. Science. 2007;317:51–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Huang Y, Zha G, Luo Q, Zhang J, Zhang F, Li X, et al. The construction of hierarchical structure on Ti substrate with superior osteogenic activity and intrinsic antibacterial capability. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6172.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Scharf T. Polarized Light in Liquid Crystals and Polymers. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2006.
An edited book
1. Richardson I, Runeson P, Messnarz R, editors. Software Process Improvement: 13th European Conference, EuroSPI 2006, Joensuu, Finland, October 11-13, 2006. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Batzli SA. Mapping United States Breweries 1612 to 2011. In: Patterson M, Hoalst-Pullen N, editors. The Geography of Beer: Regions, Environment, and Societies. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014. p. 31–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Scientist Spotlight: Michael Collins [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2013 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/scientist-spotlight-michael-collins/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Data on the Office of Education’s Use of Funds for Conferences, Seminars, and Training Sessions, and Consultants, Experts, and Consulting Organizations in Lieu of Federal Employees. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1975 Jun. Report No.: MWD-75-88.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Takayama M. The development of writing in Japanese and English of JHL speakers and the dynamics of bilingual learning [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Gurley G. London To Harlem Via Chelsea. New York Times. 2013 Apr 18;E1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine
AbbreviationJ. Mater. Sci. Mater. Med.
ISSN (print)0957-4530
ISSN (online)1573-4838
ScopeBiophysics
Bioengineering
Biomedical Engineering
Biomaterials

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