How to format your references using the Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Baron N. Stand up for science. Nature. 2010;468:1032–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Wimmer GE, Shohamy D. Preference by association: how memory mechanisms in the hippocampus bias decisions. Science. 2012;338:270–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Marshall CB, Fletcher GL, Davies PL. Hyperactive antifreeze protein in a fish. Nature. 2004;429:153.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Aerts C, Thoul A, Daszynska J, Scuflaire R, Waelkens C, Dupret MA, et al. Asteroseismology of HD 129929: core overshooting and nonrigid rotation. Science. 2003;300:1926–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Dincer I, Rosen MA, Ahmadi P. Optimization of Energy Systems. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
1. Ortegón Gallego F, Redondo Neble MV, Rodríguez Galván JR, editors. Trends in Differential Equations and Applications. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Canter DJ, Pietzak EJ, Guzzo TJ. Perioperative Care of the Geriatric Urology Patient. In: Guzzo TJ, Drach GW, Wein AJ, editors. Primer of Geriatric Urology. New York, NY: Springer; 2016. p. 43–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine.

Blog post
1. Andrews R. Italy To Make Vaccinations Mandatory For Schoolchildren [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. The Army’s Risk Assessment of Chemical Munitions Transportation. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987 Oct. Report No.: T-NSIAD-88-2.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Ruiz-Resto JV. The Effects of Technical and Imagery-based Instruction on Aspiring Performing Artists’ Acquisition of Learning Newly Composed Pieces and Improvisation and on Listeners’ Perceived Expressivity [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tampa, FL]: University of South Florida; 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kelly M. THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: Undeclared Candidate; Perot Shifts on Homosexuals in Military. New York Times. 1992 Jul 10;A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine
AbbreviationJ. Mater. Sci. Mater. Med.
ISSN (print)0957-4530
ISSN (online)1573-4838
Biomedical Engineering

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