How to format your references using the Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Bürger G. Comment on “The spatial extent of 20th-century warmth in the context of the past 1200 years.” Science. 2007;316:1844; author reply 1844.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Dessler AE, Sherwood SC. Atmospheric science. A matter of humidity. Science. 2009;323:1020–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Eerenstein W, Mathur ND, Scott JF. Multiferroic and magnetoelectric materials. Nature. 2006;442:759–65.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Herkenhoff KE, Byrne S, Russell PS, Fishbaugh KE, McEwen AS. Meter-scale morphology of the north polar region of Mars. Science. 2007;317:1711–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Chen ZN, Chia MYW. Broadband Planar Antennas. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
1. Lai C-D. Stochastic Ageing and Dependence for Reliability. Xie M, editor. New York, NY: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Zhou H, Gui L, Yu Q, Shen X. Conclusion and Future Research Directions. In: Gui L, Yu Q, Shen X (sherman), editors. Cooperative Vehicular Communications in the Drive-thru Internet. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 71–5.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Scientists have made light appear to break Newton’s third law [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2013 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:’s-third-law/


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Internet Management: Structured Evaluation Could Help Assess Proposed Transition of Key Domain Name and Other Technical Functions. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2015 Aug. Report No.: GAO-15-642.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Newsome GA. Novel instrumentation and method development for a quadrupole ion trap mass spectrometer [Doctoral dissertation]. [Chapel Hill, NC]: University of North Carolina; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Witz B, Wagner J. Shortening of Games Re-Enters G.M. Talks. New York Times. 2016 Nov 10;B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine
AbbreviationJ. Mater. Sci. Mater. Med.
ISSN (print)0957-4530
ISSN (online)1573-4838
Biomedical Engineering

Other styles