How to format your references using the Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. P. R. Dando, Nature 451, 28 (2008).
A journal article with 2 authors
1. L. R. Kump and M. E. Barley, Nature 448, 1033 (2007).
A journal article with 3 authors
1. S. B. Gauld, J. M. Dal Porto, and J. C. Cambier, Science 296, 1641 (2002).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1. Z. Bao, X. Yuan, S. Duan, and X. Dong, Sci. Rep. 4, 5560 (2014).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. W. H. Johnson Jr. MD and J. H. Moller MD, Pediatric Cardiology (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2014).
An edited book
1. L. Biggeri and G. Ferrari, editors , Price Indexes in Time and Space: Methods and Practice (Physica-Verlag HD, Heidelberg, 2010).
A chapter in an edited book
1. D. Carral, C. Feier, and P. Hitzler, in The Semantic Web – ISWC 2016: 15th International Semantic Web Conference, Kobe, Japan, October 17–21, 2016, Proceedings, Part I, edited by P. Groth, E. Simperl, A. Gray, M. Sabou, M. Krötzsch, F. Lecue, F. Flöck, and Y. Gil (Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016), pp. 70–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics.

Blog post
1. S. Luntz, IFLScience (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office, Defaulted Student Loans: Preliminary Analysis of Student Loan Borrowers and Defaulters (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1988).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. S. G. Rodriguez, Devotion to Land: The Virgin Mary and the Mudejar in the Post-Conquest Program of Alfonso X of Castile, 1252–1284, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. M. Kelly, New York Times G10 (2000).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics
AbbreviationJ. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron.
ISSN (print)0957-4522
ISSN (online)1573-482X
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Condensed Matter Physics
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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