How to format your references using the Journal of Location Based Services citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Location Based Services. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mayhew, John E. W. 2003. “Neuroscience. A Measured Look at Neuronal Oxygen Consumption.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 299 (5609): 1023–1024.
A journal article with 2 authors
Levitt, Steven D., and John A. List. 2008. “Economics. Homo Economicus Evolves.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 319 (5865): 909–910.
A journal article with 3 authors
Elsaesser, Heidi, Karsten Sauer, and David G. Brooks. 2009. “IL-21 Is Required to Control Chronic Viral Infection.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 324 (5934): 1569–1572.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Zeng, You, Guixia Lu, Han Wang, Jinhong Du, Zhe Ying, and Chang Liu. 2014. “Positive Temperature Coefficient Thermistors Based on Carbon Nanotube/Polymer Composites.” Scientific Reports 4 (October): 6684.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nahar, Lutfun, and Satyajit D. Sarker. 2012. Steroid Dimers. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Marraffa, Massimo. 2016. The Self and Its Defenses: From Psychodynamics to Cognitive Science. Edited by Michele Di Francesco and Alfredo Paternoster. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Goyeau, Benoît. 2009. “Macroscopic Conduction Models by Volume Averaging for Two-Phase Systems.” In Thermal Nanosystems and Nanomaterials, edited by Sebastian Volz, 95–105. Topics in Applied Physics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Location Based Services.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo. 2016. “Watch These Droplets Of Water Get Blown Up By A Laser.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2011. Transportation Worker Identification Credential: Mailing Credentials to Applicants’ Residences Would Not Be Consistent with DHS Policy. GAO-11-542R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Saxena, Mamta. 2010. “Learner Analysis Framework for Globalized E-Learning.” Doctoral dissertation, Minneapolis, MN: Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Markoff, John, and Matthew Rosenberg. 2017. “China’s Intelligent Weaponry Gets Smarter.” New York Times, February 3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mayhew 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Mayhew 2003; Levitt and List 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Levitt and List 2008)
  • Three authors: (Elsaesser, Sauer, and Brooks 2009)
  • 4 or more authors: (Zeng et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Location Based Services
AbbreviationJ. Location Based Serv.
ISSN (print)1748-9725
ISSN (online)1748-9733
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Signal Processing
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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