How to format your references using the Journal of Location Based Services citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Location Based Services. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schnittman, Jeremy D. 2013. “Astronomy. The Curious Behavior of the Milky Way’s Central Black Hole.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 341 (6149): 964–965.
A journal article with 2 authors
Roach, Michael, and Henry Sauermann. 2015. “ENTREPRENEURSHIP. Founders and Joiners.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 348 (6240): 1200–1201.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schnupp, J. W., T. D. Mrsic-Flogel, and A. J. King. 2001. “Linear Processing of Spatial Cues in Primary Auditory Cortex.” Nature 414 (6860): 200–204.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Kang, Hae Joo, Fasséli Coulibaly, Fiona Clow, Thomas Proft, and Edward N. Baker. 2007. “Stabilizing Isopeptide Bonds Revealed in Gram-Positive Bacterial Pilus Structure.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 318 (5856): 1625–1628.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Baker, Kenneth R. 2011. Optimization Modeling with Spreadsheets. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Braza, Marianna, Alessandro Bottaro, and Mark Thompson, eds. 2016. Advances in Fluid-Structure Interaction: Updated Contributions Reflecting New Findings Presented at the ERCOFTAC Symposium on Unsteady Separation in Fluid-Structure Interaction, 17-21 June 2013, St John Resort, Mykonos, Greece. Vol. 133. Notes on Numerical Fluid Mechanics and Multidisciplinary Design. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Lodwick, Weldon A. 2009. “The Relationship between Interval, Fuzzy and Possibilistic Optimization.” In Modeling Decisions for Artificial Intelligence: 6th International Conference, MDAI 2009, Awaji Island, Japan, November 30–December 2, 2009. Proceedings, edited by Vicenç Torra, Yasuo Narukawa, and Masahiro Inuiguchi, 55–59. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Location Based Services.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo. 2016. “Some Martian Lakes Formed Much Later Than We Expected.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1972. Follow-up Review on Assistance to War Victims in Vietnam. B-133001. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Johnson, Avonda C. 2012. “The Lived Experience of the Adult African American Female Who Has Lived in Multiple Foster Care Placements.” Doctoral dissertation, Minneapolis, MN: Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, Kelly. 2002. “Spit and Polish For an Old Soldier.” New York Times, April 21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schnittman 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Schnittman 2013; Roach and Sauermann 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Roach and Sauermann 2015)
  • Three authors: (Schnupp, Mrsic-Flogel, and King 2001)
  • 4 or more authors: (Kang et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Location Based Services
AbbreviationJ. Location Based Serv.
ISSN (print)1748-9725
ISSN (online)1748-9733
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Signal Processing
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Other styles