How to format your references using the Journal of Location Based Services citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Location Based Services. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Klein, Jacob. 2009. “Chemistry. Repair or Replacement--a Joint Perspective.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 323 (5910): 47–48.
A journal article with 2 authors
Irion, Uwe, and Daniel St Johnston. 2007. “Bicoid RNA Localization Requires Specific Binding of an Endosomal Sorting Complex.” Nature 445 (7127): 554–558.
A journal article with 3 authors
Freitas, Renata, Guangjun Zhang, and Martin J. Cohn. 2006. “Evidence That Mechanisms of Fin Development Evolved in the Midline of Early Vertebrates.” Nature 442 (7106): 1033–1037.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Hoffmann, D. L., C. D. Standish, M. García-Diez, P. B. Pettitt, J. A. Milton, J. Zilhão, J. J. Alcolea-González, et al. 2018. “U-Th Dating of Carbonate Crusts Reveals Neandertal Origin of Iberian Cave Art.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 359 (6378): 912–915.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Girling, Philippa. 2013. Operational Risk Management. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Chemat, Farid, and Maryline Abert Vian, eds. 2014. Alternative Solvents for Natural Products Extraction. Green Chemistry and Sustainable Technology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Jain, Vartika, and Surendra K. Verma. 2012. “Pharmacological Investigations and Toxicity Studies.” In Pharmacology of Bombax Ceiba Linn, edited by Surendra K. Verma, 51–67. SpringerBriefs in Pharmacology and Toxicology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Location Based Services.

Blog post
Hamilton, Kristy. 2014. “Jaguar Tastes The Hallucinogenic Effects Of Yage.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2012. Postsecondary Education: Financial Trends in Public and Private Nonprofit Institutions. GAO-12-179. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fu, Junmei. 2013. “Tartuffe Lab: A Developing Work.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, John. 2017. “Early Emmy Leads For ‘S.N.L.’ and HBO.” New York Times, September 11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Klein 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Klein 2009; Irion and St Johnston 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Irion and St Johnston 2007)
  • Three authors: (Freitas, Zhang, and Cohn 2006)
  • 4 or more authors: (Hoffmann et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Location Based Services
AbbreviationJ. Location Based Serv.
ISSN (print)1748-9725
ISSN (online)1748-9733
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Signal Processing
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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