How to format your references using the Journal of Location Based Services citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Location Based Services. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Morbidelli, Alessandro. 2004. “Planetary Science: How Neptune Pushed the Boundaries of Our Solar System.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 306 (5700): 1302–1304.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ort, Donald R., and Stephen P. Long. 2014. “Botany. Limits on Yields in the Corn Belt.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 344 (6183): 484–485.
A journal article with 3 authors
Changela, A., R. J. DiGate, and A. Mondragón. 2001. “Crystal Structure of a Complex of a Type IA DNA Topoisomerase with a Single-Stranded DNA Molecule.” Nature 411 (6841): 1077–1081.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Kawata, S., H. B. Sun, T. Tanaka, and K. Takada. 2001. “Finer Features for Functional Microdevices.” Nature 412 (6848): 697–698.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Studer, Quint. 2007. Results That Last. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Iliadis, Lazaros, Ilias Maglogiannis, and Harris Papadopoulos, eds. 2012. Artificial Intelligence Applications and Innovations: 8th IFIP WG 12.5 International Conference, AIAI 2012, Halkidiki, Greece, September 27-30, 2012, Proceedings, Part I. Vol. 381. IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Wafford, Keith A. 2014. “The Pharmacology of Extrasynaptic GABAA Receptors.” In Extrasynaptic GABAA Receptors, edited by Adam C. Errington, Giuseppe Di Giovanni, and Vincenzo Crunelli, 51–74. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Location Based Services.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. 2016. “Want To Be A Space Tour Guide? Apply Here… In 2025.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1993. Aviation Safety: FAA Can Better Prepare General Aviation Pilots for Mountain Flying Risks. RCED-94-15. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Karasik, Benjamin A. 2015. “Tele-Collaboration in Theatre: Collaboration Mgmt Tools in a Digital and Globalized Age.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz, John. 2016. “Counting Green: How to Measure Your Carbon Tire Print.” New York Times, September 28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Morbidelli 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Morbidelli 2004; Ort and Long 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ort and Long 2014)
  • Three authors: (Changela, DiGate, and Mondragón 2001)
  • 4 or more authors: (Kawata et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Location Based Services
AbbreviationJ. Location Based Serv.
ISSN (print)1748-9725
ISSN (online)1748-9733
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Signal Processing
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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