How to format your references using the Journal of Location Based Services citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Location Based Services. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ravishankara, A. R. 2012. “Atmospheric Science. Water Vapor in the Lower Stratosphere.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 337 (6096): 809–810.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reches, Meital, and Ehud Gazit. 2003. “Casting Metal Nanowires within Discrete Self-Assembled Peptide Nanotubes.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 300 (5619): 625–627.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jia, Songtao, Ken-Ichi Noma, and Shiv I. S. Grewal. 2004. “RNAi-Independent Heterochromatin Nucleation by the Stress-Activated ATF/CREB Family Proteins.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 304 (5679): 1971–1976.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Matsuzaki, Masanori, Naoki Honkura, Graham C. R. Ellis-Davies, and Haruo Kasai. 2004. “Structural Basis of Long-Term Potentiation in Single Dendritic Spines.” Nature 429 (6993): 761–766.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Karr, Ron. 2009. Lead, Sell, or Get Out of the Way. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Saitoh, Saburou. 2016. Theory of Reproducing Kernels and Applications. Edited by Yoshihiro Sawano. Vol. 44. Developments in Mathematics. Singapore: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Verdi, Claudio. 2013. “Stefan Problems and Numerical Analysis.” In Analysis and Numerics of Partial Differential Equations, edited by Franco Brezzi, Piero Colli Franzone, Ugo Gianazza, and Gianni Gilardi, 37–45. Springer INdAM Series. Milano: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Location Based Services.

Blog post
Hamilton, Kristy. 2015. “Check Out This Blue Sea Slug Eating A Blue Button Jelly.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1978. Free Legal Services for the Poor: Increased Coordination, Community Legal Education, and Outreach Needed. HRD-78-164. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kilpatrick, Richard F. 2010. “A World Less Paved.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bosman, Julie, and Amy Harmon. 2017. “Love of Music Drew Victims To a Fatal Trap.” New York Times, October 4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ravishankara 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Ravishankara 2012; Reches and Gazit 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reches and Gazit 2003)
  • Three authors: (Jia, Noma, and Grewal 2004)
  • 4 or more authors: (Matsuzaki et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Location Based Services
AbbreviationJ. Location Based Serv.
ISSN (print)1748-9725
ISSN (online)1748-9733
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Signal Processing
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Other styles