How to format your references using the Journal of Interprofessional Education & Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Interprofessional Education & Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Oullier O. Behavioural insights are vital to policy-making. Nature. 2013;501(7468):463.
A journal article with 2 authors
Popp MW, Maquat LE. RNA. A TRICK’n way to see the pioneer round of translation. Science. 2015;347(6228):1316-1317.
A journal article with 3 authors
DeLoache JS, Uttal DH, Rosengren KS. Scale errors offer evidence for a perception-action dissociation early in life. Science. 2004;304(5673):1027-1029.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kostić S, Franović I, Perc M, Vasović N, Todorović K. Triggered dynamics in a model of different fault creep regimes. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5401.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Eisner H. Managing Complex Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
Bichindaritz I, Vaidya S, Jain A, Jain LC, eds. Computational Intelligence in Healthcare 4: Advanced Methodologies. Vol 309. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Kuznetsov A, Mikheev N. Particle Dispersion in External Active Media. In: Mikheev N, ed. Electroweak Processes in External Active Media. Springer Tracts in Modern Physics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013:45-126.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Interprofessional Education & Practice.

Blog post
Fang J. Pizzlies and Other Hybrids Won’t Become More Common With Climate Change. IFLScience. Published July 7, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Offshoring: U.S. Semiconductor and Software Industries Increasingly Produce in China and India. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Seipert KG. A correlational analysis of the values of Baby Boomer and Generation X rural public school principals. 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper M. The Met Stars in Its West Side Story. New York Times. September 15, 2017:AR10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Interprofessional Education & Practice
AbbreviationJ. Interprof. Educ. Pract.
ISSN (print)2405-4526

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