How to format your references using the Journal of Interprofessional Education & Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Interprofessional Education & Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Friedberg EC. DNA damage and repair. Nature. 2003;421(6921):436-440.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chirik PJ, Wieghardt K. Chemistry. Radical ligands confer nobility on base-metal catalysts. Science. 2010;327(5967):794-795.
A journal article with 3 authors
McCauley E, Nelson WA, Nisbet RM. Small-amplitude cycles emerge from stage-structured interactions in Daphnia-algal systems. Nature. 2008;455(7217):1240-1243.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Munne PM, Gu Y, Tumiati M, et al. TP53 supports basal-like differentiation of mammary epithelial cells by preventing translocation of deltaNp63 into nucleoli. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4663.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chen G, Wang X, Li X. Fundamentals of Complex Networks. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Bikakis A, Fodor P, Roman D, eds. Rules on the Web. From Theory to Applications: 8th International Symposium, RuleML 2014, Co-Located with the 21st European Conference on Artificial Intelligence, ECAI 2014, Prague, Czech Republic, August 18-20, 2014. Proceedings. Vol 8620. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Sofronie-Stokkermans V. Locality Results for Certain Extensions of Theories with Bridging Functions. In: Schmidt RA, ed. Automated Deduction – CADE-22: 22nd International Conference on Automated Deduction, Montreal, Canada, August 2-7, 2009. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009:67-83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Interprofessional Education & Practice.

Blog post
Andrew D. Alzheimer’s Breakthrough? Have We Nearly Cured Dementia? Not Just Yet…. IFLScience. Published July 21, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Integration of Current Implementation Efforts with Long-Term Planning for the Next Generation Air Transportation System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Keels D. An Analysis of the Correlation between Teacher Effectiveness and Student Standardized Test Scores. 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams J. The Left Bank. New York Times. February 10, 2017:BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Interprofessional Education & Practice
AbbreviationJ. Interprof. Educ. Pract.
ISSN (print)2405-4526

Other styles