How to format your references using the Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions & Money citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions & Money. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gade, A., 2015. Nuclear physics: Sometimes γ-rays come in twos. Nature 526, 330–331.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kawasaki, H., Taira, K., 2003. Hes1 is a target of microRNA-23 during retinoic-acid-induced neuronal differentiation of NT2 cells. Nature 423, 838–842.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zarrinpar, A., Park, S.-H., Lim, W.A., 2003. Optimization of specificity in a cellular protein interaction network by negative selection. Nature 426, 676–680.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tu, C.-Y., Zhou, C., Marsch, E., Xia, L.-D., Zhao, L., Wang, J.-X., Wilhelm, K., 2005. Solar wind origin in coronal funnels. Science 308, 519–523.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brown, R., 2005. Rational Choice and Judgment. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Gephart, M.A., 2016. Strategic Organizational Learning: Using System Dynamics for Innovation and Sustained Performance, 1st ed. 2016. ed, Management for Professionals. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Grandcolas, P., 2015. Adaptation, in: Heams, T., Huneman, P., Lecointre, G., Silberstein, M. (Eds.), Handbook of Evolutionary Thinking in the Sciences. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 77–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions & Money.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Health Check: Are My Memory Lapses Normal Or Could This Be Alzheimer’s disease? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. Job Corps: Participant Selection and Performance Measurement Need to Be Improved (No. T-HEHS-98-37). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bakhoda, A., 2013. Synthesis and Electrochemistry of Ru(II) Vinylidenes (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gordon, M.R., Schmitt, E., Haberman, M., 2017. Trump Chooses A ‘Path Forward’ For Afghanistan. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gade, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Gade, 2015; Kawasaki and Taira, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kawasaki and Taira, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Tu et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of International Financial Markets, Institutions & Money
ISSN (print)1042-4431
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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