How to format your references using the Journal of Intelligent & Robotic Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Intelligent & Robotic Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bruins, H.J.: Anthropology. Dating Pharaonic Egypt. Science. 328, 1489–1490 (2010)
A journal article with 2 authors
Bose, S.K., Marder, T.B.: ORGANIC CATALYSIS. A leap ahead for activating C-H bonds. Science. 349, 473–474 (2015)
A journal article with 3 authors
Farihi, J., Gänsicke, B.T., Koester, D.: Evidence for water in the rocky debris of a disrupted extrasolar minor planet. Science. 342, 218–220 (2013)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Marley, R., Giachello, C.N.G., Scrutton, N.S., Baines, R.A., Jones, A.R.: Cryptochrome-dependent magnetic field effect on seizure response in Drosophila larvae. Sci. Rep. 4, 5799 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chin, W.C.: Resistivity Modeling. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2016)
An edited book
Rodrigues, W.A.: The Many Faces of Maxwell, Dirac and Einstein Equations: A Clifford Bundle Approach. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2007)
A chapter in an edited book
Carminati, R.: Introduction to Radiative Transfer. In: Volz, S. (ed.) Microscale and Nanoscale Heat Transfer. pp. 55–76. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2006)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Intelligent & Robotic Systems.

Blog post
Luntz, S.: “Quantum Cheshire Cat” Phenomenon Observed For The First Time


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites: Acquisition Is Under Way, but Improvements Needed in Management and Oversight. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2009)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Liburd-Shaddai, J.L.: The experiences of remedial instructors at one urban community college: A case study, (2012)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich, J.R.: Singing ‘Happy 450th Birthday’ to Monteverdi, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Intelligent & Robotic Systems
AbbreviationJ. Intell. Robot. Syst.
ISSN (print)0921-0296
ISSN (online)1573-0409
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Control and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
Mechanical Engineering

Other styles