How to format your references using the Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Peitgen, H.-O. (2010). Retrospective. Benoît B. Mandelbrot (1924-2010). Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6006), 926.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sato, M., & Sato, K. (2011). Degradation of paternal mitochondria by fertilization-triggered autophagy in C. elegans embryos. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6059), 1141–1144.
A journal article with 3 authors
Griffin, A. S., West, S. A., & Buckling, A. (2004). Cooperation and competition in pathogenic bacteria. Nature, 430(7003), 1024–1027.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Spake, J. J., Sing, D. K., Evans, T. M., Oklopčić, A., Bourrier, V., Kreidberg, L., Rackham, B. V., Irwin, J., Ehrenreich, D., Wyttenbach, A., Wakeford, H. R., Zhou, Y., Chubb, K. L., Nikolov, N., Goyal, J. M., Henry, G. W., Williamson, M. H., Blumenthal, S., Anderson, D. R., … Madhusudhan, N. (2018). Helium in the eroding atmosphere of an exoplanet. Nature, 557(7703), 68–70.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ndjountche, T. (2016). Digital Electronics 3. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Partida, A. (2010). IT Security Management: IT Securiteers - Setting up an IT Security Function (D. Andina, Ed.; Vol. 61). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Glynn, P. W., & Manzello, D. P. (2015). Bioerosion and Coral Reef Growth: A Dynamic Balance. In C. Birkeland (Ed.), Coral Reefs in the Anthropocene (pp. 67–97). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, March 18). Andrei Linde Receives News About Gravitational Wave Breakthrough. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1987). Findings on Current AFDC Work Programs and Implications for Pending Legislation (T-HRD-87-12). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Peterson, K. (2015). Development of a facility-specific dietary training program for diet technicians [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. (2017, June 25). Disputes Over Prince’s Estate Cloud the Future of His Vault. New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Peitgen, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Peitgen, 2010; Sato & Sato, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sato & Sato, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Griffin et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Spake et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability
AbbreviationJ. Intellect. Dev. Disabil.
ISSN (print)1366-8250
ISSN (online)1469-9532
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
General Psychology

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