How to format your references using the Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Faigman, D. L. (2002). Science and the law. Is science different for lawyers? Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5580), 339–340.
A journal article with 2 authors
Koch, C., & Crick, F. (2001). The zombie within. Nature, 411(6840), 893.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mazmanian, S. K., Round, J. L., & Kasper, D. L. (2008). A microbial symbiosis factor prevents intestinal inflammatory disease. Nature, 453(7195), 620–625.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Petrovic, P., Kalso, E., Petersson, K. M., & Ingvar, M. (2002). Placebo and opioid analgesia-- imaging a shared neuronal network. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5560), 1737–1740.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Waxman, A. B. (2017). Rogues of Wall Street. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Dobe, M., & Zernikow, B. (Eds.). (2013). Practical Treatment Options for Chronic Pain in Children and Adolescents: An Interdisciplinary Therapy Manual. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Minnameier, G. (2010). Abduction, Induction, and Analogy. In L. Magnani, W. Carnielli, & C. Pizzi (Eds.), Model-Based Reasoning in Science and Technology: Abduction, Logic, and Computational Discovery (pp. 107–119). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, September 30). Why It Hurts To See Others Suffer: Pain And Empathy Linked In The Brain. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2002). School Dropouts: Education Could Play a Stronger Role in Identifying and Disseminating Promising Prevention Strategies (No. GAO-02-240). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Robinson, D. E. (2010). How personality traits and job satisfaction influence service quality in housing agencies (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G. G. (2014, October 22). A New Superhero Arrives to Protect the Powerless. New York Times, p. C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Faigman, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Faigman, 2002; Koch & Crick, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Koch & Crick, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Mazmanian, Round, & Kasper, 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Petrovic, Kalso, Petersson, & Ingvar, 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability
AbbreviationJ. Intellect. Dev. Disabil.
ISSN (print)1366-8250
ISSN (online)1469-9532
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
General Psychology

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