How to format your references using the Journal of Integrative Environmental Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Integrative Environmental Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sarkar CA. 2013. Cell signaling. Concentrating (on) native proteins to control cell fate. Science. 341(6152):1349–1351.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gaillardet J, Galy A. 2008. Atmospheric science. Himalaya--carbon sink or source? Science. 320(5884):1727–1728.
A journal article with 3 authors
Davies A, Kemp AES, Pike J. 2009. Late Cretaceous seasonal ocean variability from the Arctic. Nature. 460(7252):254–258.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Jördens R, Strohmaier N, Günter K, Moritz H, Esslinger T. 2008. A Mott insulator of fermionic atoms in an optical lattice. Nature. 455(7210):204–207.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cook HF. 2017. The Protection and Conservation of Water Resources. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Zhou M, editor. 2011. Advances in Education and Management: International Symposium, ISAEBD 2011, Dalian, China, August 6-7, 2011, Proceedings, Part IV. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Jordan WR, Lubick GM. 2011. Invention. In: Lubick George M., editor. Making Nature Whole: A History of Ecological Restoration. Washington, DC: Island Press/Center for Resource Economics; p. 61–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Integrative Environmental Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. Our Oceans Give New Insights On Elements Made In Supernovae. IFLScience [Internet]. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1991. Air Traffic Control: Software Problems at Control Centers Need Immediate Attention. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lin Y-S. 2009. Virtuoso piano transcriptions of Stephen Hough and Marc-André Hamelin: Lisztian tradition in the twenty-first century [Doctoral dissertation]. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg B. 2017. Serious Knee Injury Fells Mattek-Sands. New York Times.:B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sarkar 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Gaillardet and Galy 2008; Sarkar 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gaillardet and Galy 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Jördens et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Integrative Environmental Sciences
AbbreviationJ. Integr. Environ. Sci.
ISSN (print)1943-815X
ISSN (online)1943-8168
ScopeRenewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
General Environmental Science
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles