How to format your references using the Journal of Integrative Environmental Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Integrative Environmental Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Beattie GA. 2015. Microbiomes: Curating communities from plants. Nature. 528:340–341.
A journal article with 2 authors
Michalski JR, Bleacher JE. 2013. Supervolcanoes within an ancient volcanic province in Arabia Terra, Mars. Nature. 502:47–52.
A journal article with 3 authors
Solanki SK, Schüssler M, Fligge M. 2000. Evolution of the Sun’s large-scale magnetic field since the Maunder minimum. Nature. 408:445–447.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Ciardo F, Marino BFM, Actis-Grosso R, Rossetti A, Ricciardelli P. 2014. Face age modulates gaze following in young adults. Sci Rep. 4:4746.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhang W, Wan M. 2016. Milling Simulation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Stan-Lotter H, Fendrihan S, editors. 2012. Adaption of Microbial Life to Environmental Extremes: Novel Research Results and Application. Vienna: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Yusoff MN, Jantan A. 2011. A Framework for Optimizing Malware Classification by Using Genetic Algorithm. In: Zain JM, Wan Mohd WM bt, El-Qawasmeh E, editors. Software Engineering and Computer Systems: Second International Conference, ICSECS 2011, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia, June 27-29, 2011, Proceedings, Part II. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; p. 58–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Integrative Environmental Sciences.

Blog post
Hale T. 2016. Forty Dead Tiger Cubs Found In Thai Tiger Temple’s Freezer. IFLScience [Internet]. [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2004. Rail Security: Some Actions Taken to Enhance Passenger and Freight Rail Security, but Significant Challenges Remain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Palmer CM. 2010. Intramural scheduling time preferences to increase student participation [Doctoral dissertation]. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L. 2007. List of Weak Schools Claims 2, Removes One. New York Times.:14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Beattie 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Michalski & Bleacher 2013; Beattie 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Michalski & Bleacher 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Ciardo et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Integrative Environmental Sciences
AbbreviationJ. Integr. Environ. Sci.
ISSN (print)1943-815X
ISSN (online)1943-8168
ScopeRenewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
General Environmental Science
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles