How to format your references using the Journal of Integrative Environmental Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Integrative Environmental Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Doumbo OK. 2005. Global voices of science. It takes a village: medical research and ethics in Mali. Science. 307(5710):679–681.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sung CO, Sohn I. 2014. The expression pattern of 19 genes predicts the histology of endometrial carcinoma. Sci Rep. 4:5174.
A journal article with 3 authors
Qi Y, Dolgushev M, Zhang Z. 2014. Dynamics of semiflexible recursive small-world polymer networks. Sci Rep. 4:7576.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Chan HF, Zhang Y, Ho Y-P, Chiu Y-L, Jung Y, Leong KW. 2013. Rapid formation of multicellular spheroids in double-emulsion droplets with controllable microenvironment. Sci Rep. 3:3462.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety. 1993. Guidelines for Safe Automation of Chemical Processes. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Mey D an, Alexander M, Bientinesi P, Cannataro M, Clauss C, Costan A, Kecskemeti G, Morin C, Ricci L, Sahuquillo J, et al., editors. 2014. Euro-Par 2013: Parallel Processing Workshops: BigDataCloud, DIHC, FedICI, HeteroPar, HiBB, LSDVE, MHPC, OMHI, PADABS, PROPER, Resilience, ROME, and UCHPC 2013, Aachen, Germany, August 26-27, 2013. Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Alexandrino MM, Bettiol RG. 2015. Polar Foliations. In: Bettiol RG, editor. Lie Groups and Geometric Aspects of Isometric Actions. Cham: Springer International Publishing; p. 109–137.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Integrative Environmental Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. Chinese Families To Sue Over Lead Poisoning In Landmark Case. IFLScience [Internet]. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2003. Geographic Information Systems: Challenges to Effective Data Sharing. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beck J. 2017. An Inquiry into Theory Use in HCI Research [Doctoral dissertation]. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M. 2012. Racer Adds a Challenge: Obesity. New York Times.:B18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Doumbo 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Doumbo 2005; Sung & Sohn 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sung & Sohn 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Chan et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Integrative Environmental Sciences
AbbreviationJ. Integr. Environ. Sci.
ISSN (print)1943-815X
ISSN (online)1943-8168
ScopeRenewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
General Environmental Science
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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