How to format your references using the Journal of Integrative Environmental Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Integrative Environmental Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fisk Z. 2007. Physics. A whiff of chemistry in heavy electron physics. Science. 318(5856):1559–1560.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ronald PC, Beutler B. 2010. Plant and animal sensors of conserved microbial signatures. Science. 330(6007):1061–1064.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pan ZW, Dai ZR, Wang ZL. 2001. Nanobelts of semiconducting oxides. Science. 291(5510):1947–1949.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Nioche P, Berka V, Vipond J, Minton N, Tsai A-L, Raman CS. 2004. Femtomolar sensitivity of a NO sensor from Clostridium botulinum. Science. 306(5701):1550–1553.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McLean D. 2012. Understanding Aerodynamics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Kim E, Kim BHS, editors. 2016. Quantitative Regional Economic and Environmental Analysis for Sustainability in Korea. Singapore: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Breskovic I, Maurer M, Emeakaroha VC, Brandic I, Altmann J. 2012. Achieving Market Liquidity Through Autonomic Cloud Market Management. In: Ivanov I, van Sinderen M, Shishkov B, editors. Cloud Computing and Services Science. New York, NY: Springer; p. 91–107.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Integrative Environmental Sciences.

Blog post
Andrews R. 2015. Want Your Own Hoverboard? It’s Yours, For Just $420! IFLScience [Internet]. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1984. New Directions for Federal Programs To Aid Mathematics and Science Teaching. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Winton TW. 2015. Student and Teacher Perceptions of Standards-based Grading and Student Performance [Doctoral dissertation]. St. Charles, MO: Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Latimer M. 2016. How to Get Trump to Withdraw. New York Times.:A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fisk 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Fisk 2007; Ronald and Beutler 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ronald and Beutler 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Nioche et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Integrative Environmental Sciences
AbbreviationJ. Integr. Environ. Sci.
ISSN (print)1943-815X
ISSN (online)1943-8168
ScopeRenewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
General Environmental Science
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles