How to format your references using the Journal of Integrative Environmental Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Integrative Environmental Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rosswog S. 2004. Astronomy. Short gamma-ray bursts. Science. 303(5654):46–47.
A journal article with 2 authors
Langelaan JW, Roy N. 2009. Engineering. Enabling new missions for robotic aircraft. Science. 326(5960):1642–1644.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kirichok Y, Krapivinsky G, Clapham DE. 2004. The mitochondrial calcium uniporter is a highly selective ion channel. Nature. 427(6972):360–364.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Haferkamp I, Schmitz-Esser S, Linka N, Urbany C, Collingro A, Wagner M, Horn M, Neuhaus HE. 2004. A candidate NAD+ transporter in an intracellular bacterial symbiont related to Chlamydiae. Nature. 432(7017):622–625.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Steenbarger BN. 2015. Trading Psychology 2.0. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Chemla K, Virbel J, editors. 2015. Texts, Textual Acts and the History of Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Jackson D. 2012. A New, Node-Focused Model for Genetic Programming. In: Moraglio A, Silva S, Krawiec K, Machado P, Cotta C, editors. Genetic Programming: 15th European Conference, EuroGP 2012, Málaga, Spain, April 11-13, 2012 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; p. 49–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Integrative Environmental Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. We’ve Only Monitored A Fraction Of The Barrier Reef’s Species. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2003. Highway Infrastructure: Perceptions of Stakeholders on Approaches to Reduce Highway Project Completion Time. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beck NA. 2017. Mobile Apps for Cognitive Restructuring: A Review and Comparative Analysis [Doctoral dissertation]. Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S. 2001. October 7-13; Kursk Raised. New York Times.:42.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rosswog 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Rosswog 2004; Langelaan and Roy 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Langelaan and Roy 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Haferkamp et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Integrative Environmental Sciences
AbbreviationJ. Integr. Environ. Sci.
ISSN (print)1943-815X
ISSN (online)1943-8168
ScopeRenewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
General Environmental Science
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles