How to format your references using the Journal of Integrative Environmental Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Integrative Environmental Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lewin HA. 2009. Genetics. It’s a bull’s market. Science. 324(5926):478–479.
A journal article with 2 authors
Curry R, Mauritzen C. 2005. Dilution of the northern North Atlantic Ocean in recent decades. Science. 308(5729):1772–1774.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kurth I, Georgescu RE, O’Donnell ME. 2013. A solution to release twisted DNA during chromosome replication by coupled DNA polymerases. Nature. 496(7443):119–122.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Lu K, Heng X, Garyu L, Monti S, Garcia EL, Kharytonchyk S, Dorjsuren B, Kulandaivel G, Jones S, Hiremath A, et al. 2011. NMR detection of structures in the HIV-1 5’-leader RNA that regulate genome packaging. Science. 334(6053):242–245.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Laykin E. 2013. Investigative Computer Forensics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Caires L, Italiano GF, Monteiro L, Palamidessi C, Yung M, editors. 2005. Automata, Languages and Programming: 32nd International Colloquium, ICALP 2005, Lisbon, Portugal, July 11-15, 2005. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Saddik AE, Orozco M, Eid M, Cha J. 2011. Computer Haptics. In: Orozco M, Eid M, Cha J, editors. Haptics Technologies: Bringing Touch to Multimedia. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; p. 105–143.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Integrative Environmental Sciences.

Blog post
Fang J. 2014. Monkeys Watch Instructional Videos Too. IFLScience [Internet]. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2003. Opportunities for Oversight and Improved Use of Taxpayer Funds: Examples from Selected GAO Work. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Byrd ML. 2012. Investigating an Afterschool Program for Black Teenage Males Designed to Increase Self-Efficacy [Doctoral dissertation]. St. Charles, MO: Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K. 2009. Where to Fill Up the Table. New York Times.:NJ13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lewin 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Curry and Mauritzen 2005; Lewin 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Curry and Mauritzen 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Lu et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Integrative Environmental Sciences
AbbreviationJ. Integr. Environ. Sci.
ISSN (print)1943-815X
ISSN (online)1943-8168
ScopeRenewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
General Environmental Science
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles