How to format your references using the Journal of Integrative Environmental Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Integrative Environmental Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gomory R. 2010. Benoît Mandelbrot (1924-2010). Nature. 468:378.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cafaro J, Rieke F. 2010. Noise correlations improve response fidelity and stimulus encoding. Nature. 468:964–967.
A journal article with 3 authors
Emile O, Le Floch A, Vollrath F. 2006. Biopolymers: shape memory in spider draglines. Nature. 440:621.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Li D, Xue W, Li M, Dong M, Wang J, Wang X, Li X, Chen K, Zhang W, Wu S, et al. 2018. VCAM-1+ macrophages guide the homing of HSPCs to a vascular niche. Nature.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Li F-C, Yu B, Wei J-J, Kawaguchi Y. 2011. Turbulent Drag Reduction by Surfactant Additives. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd.
An edited book
Trail IA, Fleming ANM, editors. 2015. Disorders of the Hand: Volume 2: Hand Reconstruction and Nerve Compression. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bezzo N, Cortez RA, Fierro R. 2013. Exploiting Heterogeneity in Robotic Networks. In: Milutinović D, Rosen J, editors. Redundancy in Robot Manipulators and Multi-Robot Systems. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; p. 53–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Integrative Environmental Sciences.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. 2017. Mars Looks Weirdly Different Everywhere We Look. IFLScience [Internet]. [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1985. GAO’s Work Relating to the Job Training Partnership Act. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Davis M. 2015. Opprobrious Identities: The Enslaving Effect of Black Respectability on Queer Black Men [Doctoral dissertation]. Edwardsville, IL: Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Harris G, Kanter J. 2017. Pence Assures Europe of American Support. New York Times.:A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stockwell 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Yamanouchi 2002; Ackert 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cafaro & Rieke 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Cattin et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Integrative Environmental Sciences
AbbreviationJ. Integr. Environ. Sci.
ISSN (print)1943-815X
ISSN (online)1943-8168
ScopeRenewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
General Environmental Science
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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