How to format your references using the Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Darnell JC (2014) Molecular biology. Ribosome rescue and neurodegeneration. Science 345:378–379
A journal article with 2 authors
Belgrano A, Fowler CW (2013) Evolution. How fisheries affect evolution. Science 342:1176–1177
A journal article with 3 authors
Alvarado D, Klein DE, Lemmon MA (2009) ErbB2 resembles an autoinhibited invertebrate epidermal growth factor receptor. Nature 461:287–291
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Gupta A, Gartner JJ, Sethupathy P, et al (2006) Anti-apoptotic function of a microRNA encoded by the HSV-1 latency-associated transcript. Nature 442:82–85

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wells R (2004) Global Credit Management. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Završnik A (2016) Drones and Unmanned Aerial Systems: Legal and Social Implications for Security and Surveillance, 1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Moirta MT, Nakamura M, Tasaka M (2012) Gravity Sensing, Interpretation, and Response. In: Witzany G, Baluška F (eds) Biocommunication of Plants. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 51–66

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology.

Blog post
Luntz S (2016) Pythons And Boas Evolved In Parallel. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1980) Need for Improved Management and Increased Sharing of Computer Resources at the San Antonio Data Services Center. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Oldham CA (2010) An investigation of genre and grammatical positioning in an online community. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
O’connor J (2016) Biking Through Badlands. New York Times TR1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
AbbreviationJ. Ind. Microbiol. Biotechnol.
ISSN (print)1367-5435
ISSN (online)1476-5535
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Other styles