How to format your references using the Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Merilä J (2009) Evolution. Genetic constraints on adaptation? Science 325:1212–1213
A journal article with 2 authors
Kahl BC, Peters G (2007) Microbiology. Mayhem in the lung. Science 315:1082–1083
A journal article with 3 authors
Spiliotis ET, Kinoshita M, Nelson WJ (2005) A mitotic septin scaffold required for Mammalian chromosome congression and segregation. Science 307:1781–1785
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Sheng C-X, Singh S, Gambetta A, et al (2013) Ultrafast intersystem-crossing in platinum containing π-conjugated polymers with tunable spin-orbit coupling. Sci Rep 3:2653

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Calvello AA (2009) Environmental Alpha. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Yang LT, Zhou X, Zhao W, et al (2005) Embedded Software and Systems: Second International Conference, ICESS 2005, Xi’an, China, December 16-18, 2005. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Beishuizen NA, Roekaerts D (2011) Reynolds Stress and PDF Modeling of Two-Way Coupling and Vaporisation Interaction in a Turbulent Spray Flame. In: Merci B, Roekaerts D, Sadiki A (eds) Experiments and Numerical Simulations of Diluted Spray Turbulent Combustion: Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on Turbulent Spray Combustion. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 133–165

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) NASA Telescope Captures Spectacular Snap Of The Sun’s Sizzling X-rays. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989) Federal Research: Assessment of Small Business Innovation Research Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cannon MP (2013) Cenozoic kinematics of the Little Pine fault, Santa Maria Basin, California. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Van Gelder SKC by L (2005) Arts, Briefly; Russia: Happy Birthday, Maya. New York Times E2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
AbbreviationJ. Ind. Microbiol. Biotechnol.
ISSN (print)1367-5435
ISSN (online)1476-5535
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Other styles