How to format your references using the Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rapley C (2012) Climate science: Time to raft up. Nature 488:583–585
A journal article with 2 authors
Diaz RE, Sebastian T (2013) Electromagnetic limits to radiofrequency (RF) neuronal telemetry. Sci Rep 3:3535
A journal article with 3 authors
Grünwald D, Singer RH, Rout M (2011) Nuclear export dynamics of RNA-protein complexes. Nature 475:333–341
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Trouwborst RE, Clement BG, Tebo BM, et al (2006) Soluble Mn(III) in suboxic zones. Science 313:1955–1957

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McBee J (2009) Mastering Microsoft® Exchange Server 2007 SP1. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, IN, USA
An edited book
Chremmos I, Schwelb O, Uzunoglu N (2010) Photonic Microresonator Research and Applications. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Kaya Y, Jocic S, Miladinovic D (2012) Sunflower. In: Gupta SK (ed) Technological Innovations in Major World Oil Crops, Volume 1: Breeding. Springer, New York, NY, pp 85–129

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology.

Blog post
Davis J (2017) Byzantine Skeleton Contains 800-Year-Old DNA From The Infection That Killed Her. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2003) Transportation Research: Actions Needed to Improve Coordination and Evaluation of Research. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Roberson BN (2013) Motivation towards learning perceived in Socratic seminar versus traditional lecture. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Qiu L (2017) Trump Claims Undue Credit On an Arsenal. New York Times A7

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
AbbreviationJ. Ind. Microbiol. Biotechnol.
ISSN (print)1367-5435
ISSN (online)1476-5535
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Other styles