How to format your references using the Journal of Hospitality, Leisure, Sport & Tourism Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hospitality, Leisure, Sport & Tourism Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yantis, S. (2003). Neuroscience. To see is to attend. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5603), 54–56.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gray, G. M., & Cohen, J. T. (2012). Policy: Rethink chemical risk assessments. Nature, 489(7414), 27–28.
A journal article with 3 authors
Smith, M. A., Brandt, J., & Shadmehr, R. (2000). Motor disorder in Huntington’s disease begins as a dysfunction in error feedback control. Nature, 403(6769), 544–549.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Pascolo, L., Gianoncelli, A., Schneider, G., Salomé, M., Schneider, M., Calligaro, C., … Rizzardi, C. (2013). The interaction of asbestos and iron in lung tissue revealed by synchrotron-based scanning X-ray microscopy. Scientific Reports, 3, 1123.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Geisser, S. (2005). Modes of Parametric Statistical Inference: Geisser/Modes of Parametric Statistical Inference. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ramanujam, R., & Sarukkai, S. (Eds.). (2009). Logic and Its Applications: Third Indian Conference, ICLA 2009, Chennai, India, January 7-11, 2009. Proceedings (Vol. 5378). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Otsuka, M., Shimazaki, M., Kayaba, K., Sakada, T., Hara, K., Asahi, M., … Tano, R. (2010). Community-Based Interprofessional Education at Saitama Prefectural University. In H. Watanabe & M. Koizumi (Eds.), Advanced Initiatives in Interprofessional Education in Japan: Japan Interprofessional Working and Education Network (pp. 39–48). Tokyo: Springer Japan.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hospitality, Leisure, Sport & Tourism Education.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2017, April 3). Earthworms Are More Important Than Pandas (If You Want To Save The Planet). Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2009). Homeland Security: Despite Progress, DHS Continues to Be Challenged in Managing Its Multi-Billion Dollar Annual Investment in Large-Scale Information Technology Systems (No. GAO-09-1002T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Slaughter, R. A. (2017). Tradition and Progress: California Fire Technology Directors Beliefs and Values (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sulcas, R. (2014, December 9). Alla Sizova, Star Kirov Ballerina, 75. New York Times, p. B19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Yantis, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Gray & Cohen, 2012; Yantis, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gray & Cohen, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Smith, Brandt, & Shadmehr, 2000)
  • 6 or more authors: (Pascolo et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hospitality, Leisure, Sport & Tourism Education
AbbreviationJ. Hosp. Leis. Sport Tour. Educ.
ISSN (print)1473-8376
ScopeTourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

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