How to format your references using the Journal of Hospitality, Leisure, Sport & Tourism Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hospitality, Leisure, Sport & Tourism Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
von Hobe, M. (2007). Atmospheric science. Revisiting ozone depletion. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5858), 1878–1879.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sanguinetti, M. C., & Tristani-Firouzi, M. (2006). hERG potassium channels and cardiac arrhythmia. Nature, 440(7083), 463–469.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mashchenko, S., Couchman, H. M. P., & Wadsley, J. (2006). The removal of cusps from galaxy centres by stellar feedback in the early Universe. Nature, 442(7102), 539–542.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kikkawa, M., Sablin, E. P., Okada, Y., Yajima, H., Fletterick, R. J., & Hirokawa, N. (2001). Switch-based mechanism of kinesin motors. Nature, 411(6836), 439–445.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gao, J. (2015). Heterojunction Bipolar Transistors for Circuit Design. John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd.
An edited book
Tran, H. T. (2016). Intraplate Magmatism and Metallogeny of North Vietnam (G. V. Polyakov, A. T. Tran, A. S. Borisenko, A. E. Izokh, P. A. Balykin, P. T. Ngo, & D. T. Pham, Eds.; Vol. 11). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Glouche, Y., Gautier, T., Guernic, P. L., & Talpin, J.-P. (2010). A Module Language for Typing SIGNAL Programs by Contracts. In S. K. Shukla & J.-P. Talpin (Eds.), Synthesis of Embedded Software: Frameworks and Methodologies for Correctness by Construction (pp. 147–171). Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hospitality, Leisure, Sport & Tourism Education.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016, September 14). One In Ten UK Species At Threat Of Extinction. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1973). Reclaim for Mileage and Relocation Expenses (B-177671). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Konggidinata, M. I. (2017). Application and Modifications of Ordered Mesoporous Carbon (OMC) for BTEX Removal: Characterization, Adsorption Mechanisms, and Kinetic Studies [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C. (2008, September 28). Cortlandt to Offer Plan To Lower Fuel Oil Costs. New York Times, WE6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (von Hobe, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Sanguinetti & Tristani-Firouzi, 2006; von Hobe, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sanguinetti & Tristani-Firouzi, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Mashchenko et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Kikkawa et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hospitality, Leisure, Sport & Tourism Education
AbbreviationJ. Hosp. Leis. Sport Tour. Educ.
ISSN (print)1473-8376
ScopeTourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

Other styles